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National Surveys on Energy & Environment Question Database

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YearWaveQuestionQuestion TextRelated TopicsData Tables
2018FallQ19-20Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2018FallQ21In general do you strongly approve, somewhat approve, somewhat disapprove or strongly disapprove of the way that President Donald Trump is handling the issue of global warming.fed
fed_trump


see table
2018FallQ22In terms of your vote in the 2018 Congressional Midterm Election will a candidate's position on the issue of global warming have a major effect, moderate effect, or no effect on your decision on who to vote for in the upcoming congressional election?gw
gw_midterms
fed

see table
2018FallQ27I'm going to read off some proposed policies that would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the proposed ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. First, the federal government increasing taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a tax?carbontax
carbontax_support_v4


see table
2018SpringQ22In 2012, the federal government increased the average fuel economy of new cars and trucks from 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this fuel economy requirement?vehicle
vehicle_54mpg_support


see table
2018SpringQ23Recently the Environmental Protection Agency initiated a process to lower the fuel efficiency standards established in 2012. Under this proposal automakers would not have to meet the standards of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this proposal to lower the federal fuel efficiency requirements?vehicle
vehicle_54mpg_lower


see table
2018SpringQ24For the last 50 years, a federal law has given California the ability to set stricter standards for vehicle emissions than those set in Washington, DC. If the federal government were to lower the fuel efficiency requirement for automakers California has stated that it will seek to maintain its existing vehicle emissions standards for new cars and trucks sold in the state. Do you think that California should or should not be allowed to maintain this standard if the federal government lowers the national standard?vehicle
vehicle_CAwaiver_v2


see table
2017FallQ18-20For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2017FallQ28-Q30Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2017FallQ36I'm going to read off some proposed policies that would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, neither support nor oppose, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The federal government increasing taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas.carbontax
carbontax_support_v3


see table
2017FallQ41For each of the statements that I read please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.fed
fed_moralobligation
fedaction

see table
2017FallQ42For each of the statements that I read please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. Overall, the U.S. economy would benefit from leaving the international climate treaty designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.intl
intl_economicimpact
fedaction

see table
2017SpringQ21Please identify your level of agreement with the following statement, indicating if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2017SpringQ27For the last 50 years, a federal law has given California the ability to set stricter standards for vehicle emissions than those set in Washington, DC. This has regularly resulted in California's standard becoming the national one over time. Would you say you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the policy that allows California to set stricter standards for vehicles?vehicle
vehicle_CAwaiver


see table
2016FallQ11Some people believe the United States is at least partly responsible for taking action to help prevent climate change from happening or from getting worse. Others believe the United States does not bear the responsibility for taking such action. Which of these positions best fit your view?govt
fedaction
govt_fed_v2

see table
2016FallQ28What if revenues from the tax were used to reduce the federal deficit? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system?carbontax
carbontax_rev4debt_v2


see table
2015FallQ21Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce green house gas emissions. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. The plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Increasing the use of wind energy in your state.cpp
wind_mystate_cpp
stateaction

see table
2015FallQ22Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce green house gas emissions. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. The plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Increasing the use of solar energy in your state.cpp
solar_mystate_cpp
stateaction

see table
2015FallQ23Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce green house gas emissions. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. The plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Increasing the use of natural gas-fired electricity generation in your state.cpp
electricity_mystate_cpp
stateaction

see table
2015FallQ24Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce green house gas emissions. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. The plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Requiring increased energy efficiency standards in your state.cpp
state_ee_mystate_cpp_v2
stateaction

see table
2015FallQ25Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce green house gas emissions. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. The plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Allowing businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases to reduce greenhouse gases. This policy is commonly referred to as cap and trade.cpp
state_captrade_mystate_v1_cpp
stateaction

see table
2015FallQ27Each state is required to adopt its own emission reduction plan under the Clean Power Plan, or have one imposed upon it by the federal government. Which approach to this federal requirement would you like YOUR state to take?cpp
cpp_action_v2
fedaction

see table
2015FallQ30-33For each of the statements that I read please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.fed
fed_moralobligation
intl
fedaction
see table
2015SpringQ33In addition to the states that already have a cap and trade program, some other states are considering such a program to comply with federal requirements to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. There are a number of different policy options in setting up a cap and trade program, though. For each option that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy. First, would you support a cap-and-trade program in your state if it increased energy costs but used all revenue to reduce other taxes?state_captrade
state_captrade_mystate_revneu
stateaction

see table
2014FallQ27The federal government now requires that any new power plant reduce their greenhouse gas emissions significantly. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose these requirements?newpowplant
newpowplant_support


see table
2014FallQ28The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from existing power plants. It gives each state flexibility in deciding how to reduce these emissions through negotiations with the federal government. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this policy?cpp
cpp_support
fedaction

see table
2014FallQ29 The new federal Clean Power Plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you support or oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power.state_rps
state_rps_mystate_v2_cpp
stateaction

see table
2014FallQ30The new federal Clean Power Plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you support or oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Requiring increased energy efficiency standards for new homes and appliances in your state.state_ee
state_ee_mystate_cpp
stateaction

see table
2014FallQ31The new federal Clean Power Plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you support or oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Increasing taxes on ALL fossil fuels used in generating electricity in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.state_fftax
state_fftax_mystate_cpp
stateaction
carbontax
see table
2014FallQ32The new federal Clean Power Plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you support or oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? Allowing businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases to reduce greenhouse gases. This policy is commonly referred to as cap and trade.state_captrade
state_captrade_mystate_v1_cpp
stateaction

see table
2014FallQ33Each state is required to adopt its own emission reduction plan under the federal government's Clean Power Policy. Which approach to this federal requirement would you like your state to take:cpp
cpp_action
fedaction

see table
2014SpringQ24[EXTENDED INFORMATION FOR SAMPLE B ONLY: Another idea is to use the revenue from a carbon fuels tax to reduce the federal deficit. This would slow the growth of the national debt, possibly reducing taxes in the future.] What if revenues from the tax were used to reduce the federal deficit? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system?carbontax
carbontax_rev4debt_v2


see table
2014SpringQ25If the federal government enacted a carbon fuels tax, which of the following options would you most prefer: [ROTATE OPTIONS]carbontax
carbontax_revfed_v2
fedaction

see table
2013FallQ33An alternative policy would set a hard cap on emissions from coal-fired electricity. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose imposing new regulations on coal-fired electricity generation to address climate change?coalfpp
coalfpp_support
fedaction

see table
2013FallQ33President Obama has proposed setting a hard cap on emissions from coal-fired electricity. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose imposing new regulations on coal-fired electricity generation to address climate change?coalfpp
coalfpp_support_Obama
fedaction

see table
2013FallQ37-41Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2013FallQ37-41Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.fed
fed_moralobligation
intl
fedaction
see table
2013SpringQ22-28Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2013SpringQ34There is a proposal to create an Energy Security Fund. This fund would receive revenues from taxing oil and gas drilling on federal government lands. It would use the funds for alternative energy research and development. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the creation of this fund?enrgysecfund
enrgysecfund_support
fedaction

see table
2013SpringQ35The Environmental Protection Agency or EPA has begun to use clean air regulations to reduce large industrial sources of greenhouse gases. These regulations are generally implemented in collaboration with states. How should your state respond to this new federal regulation? Should they cooperate with the EPA or refuse to cooperate with the EPA on the new clean air regulations?industrial
industrial_caa_action
fedaction

see table
2012FallQ23-27Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: The federal government should stop its current plan to require large industries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.fed_industrial



see table
2012FallQ28-30For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2012FallQ37Now, if the federal government enacted a tax on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which of the following options do you most prefer?carbontax
carbontax_revuse_v2


see table
2012FallQ38How much does the current federal gasoline excise tax cost per gallon?gastax
gastax_knowldg_cost


see table
2012FallQ39Has the level of the federal gasoline excise tax changed during the Obama Administration or not?gastax
gastax_knowldg_chng


see table
2012FallQ40Which of the following best describes the changes in the federal gasoline excise tax during the Obama Administration?gastax
gastax_knowldg_chnghow


see table
2012FallQ41If the federal government increased the federal excise tax on gasoline, which of the following options do you prefer?excisetax
excisetax_revuse
gastax

see table
2012SpringQ29In order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases a number of methods have been considered. For each of the methods of reducing greenhouse gas emission that I mention please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose that option. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through federal regulations that limit emissions from major industrial sources.industrial
industrial_support
fedaction

see table
2012SpringQ30In order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases a number of methods have been considered. For each of the methods of reducing greenhouse gas emission that I mention please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose that option. Next the Obama Administration's current policy to use the Clean Air Act to enforce greenhouse gas emissions reductions from major industrial sources.industrial
industrial_support_caa
fedaction

see table
2011FallQ23-32Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: The federal government should stop its current plan to require large industries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. fed
fed_industrial
fedaction

see table
2011FallQ33-35For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2011FallQ45AIf the federal government enacted a tax on carbon fuels, where do you prefer the money generated from the tax be spent? Do you prefer that it be?carbontax
carbontax_revfed_v1
fedaction

see table
2010FallQ27-29For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2010FallQ30-36Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: The federal government should allow state governments to adopt stricter standards for the emission of greenhouse gases than any federal standards.govt
govt_fedvsstate


see table
2010FallQ30-36Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2010FallQ37Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissionscaptrade
captrade_govt_v1


see table
2010FallQ38Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emission.fftax
fftax_govt
carbontax

see table
2010FallQ39Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissionsnuclear
nuclear_govt


see table
2010FallQ40Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.gastax
gastax_govt


see table
2010FallQ41Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.rps
rps_govt


see table
2010FallQ42Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.ethanol
ethanol_govt
vehicle

see table
2010FallQ43Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehiclevehicle
vehicle_govt


see table
2009FallQ17-19For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2009FallQ20-26Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: The federal government should allow state governments to adopt stricter standards for the emission of greenhouse gases than any federal standards.govt
govt_fedvsstate


see table
2009FallQ20-26Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table
2009FallQ34Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissionscaptrade
captrade_govt_v1


see table
2009FallQ35Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emission.fftax
fftax_govt
carbontax

see table
2009FallQ36Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissionsnuclear
nuclear_govt


see table
2009FallQ37Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.gastax
gastax_govt


see table
2009FallQ38Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.rps
rps_govt


see table
2009FallQ39Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.ethanol
ethanol_govt
vehicle

see table
2009FallQ40Next I'm going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government: Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehiclevehicle
vehicle_govt


see table
2008FallQ23-25For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. The federal Governmentgovt
govt_fed
fedaction

see table
2008FallQ26-31Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree: If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem.govt
govt_nofedaction


see table

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