Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2019 Data Tables



Survey Methodology
N 601 (117 Land Line & 484 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/-4.0%
Fielding Dates June 6, 2019 - June 28, 2019
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 7%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Perceptions of Local Weather

  4. Temperatures in past winter
  5. Snow amount in past winter
  6. Global Warming

  7. Belief in global warming
  8. Confidence in belief of global warming
  9. Cause of global warming
  10. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  11. Concern about global warming
  12. Factors that affected view
  13. Doubt in Global Warming

  14. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  15. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  16. Factors that affected view
  17. Global Warming Adaptation and Mitigation

  18. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  19. Electric Cars

  20. What comes to top of mind when hear the word "electric car" - Webtable not available
  21. Positive or negative opinion about electric cars
  22. Willingness to Pay

  23. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  24. Demographics

  25. Racial identity
  26. Religious affiliation
  27. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  28. Highest level of education
  29. Primary source for news
  30. Political party affiliation
  31. Political beliefs
  32. Family income
  33. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. Can you please tell me in which year you were born? [CODED INTO CATEGORIES]

  Total
Thank you. Can you please tell me in which year you were born? [CODED INTO CATEGORIES] 18-29 24%
30-44 24%
45-64 29%
65 and older 20%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 3%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 22%
South 36%
Midwest 22%
West 19%
N 599
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was:

  Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: A lot warmer than usual 12%
Slightly warmer than usual 26%
Slightly cooler than usual 15%
A lot cooler than usual 13%
About the same as usual 32%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received:

  Total
Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: A lot more snow than usual 13%
A little more snow than usual 10%
A little less snow than usual 18%
A lot less snow than usual 12%
About the same as usual 19%
Area does not receive snow 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 71%
No 13%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 16%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 69%
Fairly Confident 25%
Not Too Confident 3%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 425
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 49%
Natural Patterns 13%
A Combination (Volunteered) 33%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 425
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 8%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 22%
Weather Changes 21%
Scientific Research/Data 23%
Media Coverage 6%
Declining Species 1%
Human Activity 1%
Natural Patterns 9%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 2%
Religious Factors 1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
A combination of human activity and natural patterns 0%
Not Sure/Other 7%
N 425
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of global warming?

  Total
How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of global warming? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Concerned 55%
Somewhat Concerned 30%
Not Too Concerned 10%
Not Concerned At All 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 425
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10-15. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 54% 39% 49% 26% 50% 56%
Somewhat Large 36% 38% 30% 42% 30% 30%
Not Too Large 5% 14% 7% 16% 9% 6%
No Effect 3% 7% 8% 13% 6% 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 2% 6% 3% 5% 3%
N 425 425 425 425 425 425
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 41%
Fairly Confident 33%
Not Too Confident 12%
Not Confident At All 7%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 78
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 38%
Natural Patterns 21%
Not Enough Evidence 9%
Media has Misled 2%
Evidence Disproves 9%
Religious Factors 3%
Political Factors 3%
No Particular Reason 1%
Not Sure/Other 14%
N 78
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18-20. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 33% 12% 37%
Somewhat Large 20% 24% 30%
Not Too Large 15% 19% 13%
No Effect 31% 35% 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 9% 6%
N 78 78 78
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21-25. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  If global warming does take place I have confidence that scientists would be able to find ways to alter the climate in a way that limits problems. Attempts to reduce global warming by adding materials to the atmosphere will cause more harm than good for the environment. If human activity leads to global warming then humans will also be able to find ways to reduce temperatures on the planet through atmospheric engineering methods. Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate. Humans will be able to adapt to a hotter climate without making significant changes to their lifestyles.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 15% 35% 15% 8% 7%
Somewhat Agree 30% 30% 34% 22% 21%
Somewhat Disagree 22% 11% 14% 24% 22%
Strongly Disagree 26% 8% 21% 37% 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7% 16% 17% 7% 6%
N 600 601 600 601 600
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. What comes to mind when you hear or read the word "electric car"? [Coded open-end response]

Webtable for Question 26 is not available at this time

Q27. How positive or negative is your opinion about electric cars, in general, on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 is "very negative" and 7 is "very positive"?

  Total
How positive or negative is your opinion about electric cars, in general, on a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 is "very negative" and 7 is "very positive"? 1: Very negative 9%
2 3%
3 10%
4 18%
5 25%
6 15%
7: Very positive 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST] Nothing each year 31%
1 to 50 dollars per year 19%
50 to 100 dollars a year 17%
100 to 250 dollars a year 12%
250 to 500 dollars a year 6%
Over 500 dollars a year 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 595
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q29. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 60%
African-American 13%
Hispanic 7%
Latino 5%
Asian 5%
Native American 2%
Mixed Race 4%
Other 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 585
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 33%
Catholic 28%
Jewish 3%
Muslim 3%
Hindu 2%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 24%
Atheist 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 531
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 36%
No 60%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 169
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 24%
Some College or Technical School 28%
College Graduate 28%
Graduate or Professional Degree 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 595
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 39%
Newspapers 9%
Talk Radio Programs 7%
Radio News Programs 6%
The Internet 36%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 593
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 32%
Republican 26%
Other Party 14%
Independent 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 531
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 10%
Somewhat Conservative 21%
Moderate 39%
Somewhat Liberal 16%
Very Liberal 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 546
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 11%
20,000 - 40,000 19%
40,000 - 60,000 23%
60,000 - 80,000 17%
80,000 - 100,000 9%
Over 100,000 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 469
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Finally to which gender identity do you most identify? [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally to which gender identity do you most identify? [READ LIST] Male 48%
Female 51%
Transgender Male <1%
Transgender Female 1%
You do not identify as male or female <1%
Other (Volunteered) <1%
Not sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 599
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.