Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Preliminary Spring 2017 Data Tables



Survey Methodology
N 841 (201 Land Line & 640 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/-3.5%
Fielding Dates April 17, 2017 - May 16, 2017
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 9%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Perceptions of Local Weather

  4. Temperatures in past winter
  5. Snow amount in past winter
  6. Global Warming

  7. Belief in global warming
  8. Confidence in belief of global warming
  9. Cause of global warming
  10. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  11. Concern about global warming
  12. Factors that affected view
  13. Doubt in Global Warming

  14. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  15. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  16. Factors that affected view
  17. Policy Response

  18. If federal government does not act, it's state responsibility to act
  19. Policy options to reduce emissions
  20. Support or oppose net metering
  21. Support or oppose allowing California to set higher emissions standards
  22. Solar and Wind Energy Impacts

  23. A: Solar panels
  24. B: Wind Turbines
  25. Willingness to Pay

  26. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  27. Demographics

  28. Racial identity
  29. Religious affiliation
  30. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  31. Highest level of education
  32. Primary source for news
  33. Political party affiliation
  34. Political beliefs
  35. Family income
  36. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 25%
30-44 26%
45-64 28%
65 and older 21%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 0%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 23%
South 35%
Midwest 23%
West 19%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was:

  Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: A lot warmer than usual 21%
Slightly warmer than usual 37%
Slightly cooler than usual 12%
A lot cooler than usual 5%
About the same as usual 23%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received:

  Total
Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: A lot more snow than usual 5%
A little more snow than usual 5%
A little less snow than usual 21%
A lot less snow than usual 23%
About the same as usual 15%
Area does not receive snow 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 70%
No 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 837
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 68%
Fairly Confident 26%
Not Too Confident 3%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 587
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 44%
Natural Patterns 17%
A Combination (Volunteered) 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 587
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 9%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 13%
Weather Changes 15%
Scientific Research/Data 15%
Media Coverage 7%
Declining Species 0%
Human Activity 21%
Natural Patterns 5%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 2%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 587
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of global warming?

  Total
How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of global warming? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Concerned 54%
Somewhat Concerned 32%
Not Too Concerned 10%
Not Concerned At All 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 587
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10-15. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 67% 40% 27% 34% 45% 46%
Somewhat Large 21% 35% 34% 34% 34% 32%
Not Too Large 6% 14% 17% 16% 9% 12%
No Effect 4% 9% 10% 15% 6% 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 2% 11% 1% 6% 5%
N 587 587 587 587 587 586
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 50%
Fairly Confident 36%
Not Too Confident 9%
Not Confident At All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 156
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 29%
Natural Patterns 35%
Not Enough Evidence 5%
Media has Misled 2%
Evidence Disproves 8%
Religious Factors 4%
Political Factors 2%
No Particular Reason 4%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 156
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18-20. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 27% 20% 28%
Somewhat Large 27% 29% 28%
Not Too Large 19% 16% 15%
No Effect 26% 27% 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 6% 2%
N 155 156 155
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statement, indicating if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state’s responsibility to address the problem.

  Total
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statement, indicating if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state’s responsibility to address the problem. Strongly Agree 38%
Somewhat Agree 28%
Somewhat Disagree 13%
Strongly Disagree 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 837
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q22-25. Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? [ROTATED LIST]

  Increasing the use of wind energy in your state. Increasing the use of solar energy in your state. Requiring increased energy efficiency standards in your state. Requiring a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar in your state.
Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions? [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Support 58% 67% 52% 50%
Somewhat Support 25% 22% 29% 29%
Somewhat Oppose 5% 4% 4% 6%
Strongly Oppose 6% 4% 8% 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 3% 6% 6%
N 837 837 837 837
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. There is a policy that allows homes and businesses with solar panels to sell any extra power they generate back to the electric grid for the same price that the utility charges consumers to buy the electricity. This policy is called net metering, since these customers’ electric meters run both forward and backward. Would you say you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of policy?

  Total
There is a policy that allows homes and businesses with solar panels to sell any extra power they generate back to the electric grid for the same price that the utility charges consumers to buy the electricity. This policy is called net metering, since these customers’ electric meters run both forward and backward. Would you say you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of policy? Strongly Support 49%
Somewhat Support 27%
Somewhat Oppose 5%
Strongly Oppose 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 14%
N 837
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. For the last 50 years, a federal law has given California the ability to set stricter standards for vehicle emissions than those set in Washington, DC. This has regularly resulted in California’s standard becoming the national one over time. Would you say you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the policy that allows California to set stricter standards for vehicles?

  Total
For the last 50 years, a federal law has given California the ability to set stricter standards for vehicle emissions than those set in Washington, DC. This has regularly resulted in California’s standard becoming the national one over time. Would you say you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the policy that allows California to set stricter standards for vehicles? Strongly Support 31%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 12%
Strongly Oppose 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 14%
N 836
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Note: Questions 28-30 were asked as a split sample. Half of respondents were asked Q28A-30A, and half were asked Q28B-30B.

Q28A-30A. Next I have a few questions about solar panels. For each of the following statements I read, please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. [ROTATED LIST]

  Solar panels produce visual or aesthetic problems. Solar panels create jobs. Solar panels are an unreliable source of electricity.
Next I have a few questions about solar panels. For each of the following statements I read, please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. (Among the randomly selected sample "A") [ROTATED LIST]) Strongly Agree 9% 45% 8%
Somewhat Agree 18% 36% 14%
Somewhat Disagree 28% 5% 25%
Strongly Disagree 35% 3% 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10% 11% 16%
N 422 422 421
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28B-30B. Next I have a few questions about wind turbines. For each of the following statements I read, please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. [ROTATED LIST]

  Wind turbines produce visual or aesthetic problems. Wind turbines create jobs. Wind turbines are an unreliable source of electricity.
Next I have a few questions about wind turbines. For each of the following statements I read, please tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement. (Among the randomly selected sample "B") [ROTATED LIST]) Strongly Agree 9% 42% 8%
Somewhat Agree 21% 39% 18%
Somewhat Disagree 28% 7% 26%
Strongly Disagree 31% 2% 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10% 10% 19%
N 413 413 412
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST] Nothing each year 34%
1 to 50 dollars per year 28%
50 to 100 dollars a year 18%
100 to 250 dollars a year 7%
250 to 500 dollars a year 4%
Over 500 dollars a year 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 829
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q32. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 61%
African-American 12%
Hispanic 13%
Latino 2%
Asian 3%
Native American 2%
Mixed Race 4%
Other 3%
N 817
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 38%
Catholic 28%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 25%
Atheist 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 767
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 34%
No 64%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 289
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 29%
Some College or Technical School 26%
College Graduate 24%
Graduate or Professional Degree 17%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 830
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 49%
Newspapers 8%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 4%
The Internet 35%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 828
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 36%
Republican 28%
Other Party 5%
Independent 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 778
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 11%
Somewhat Conservative 22%
Moderate 37%
Somewhat Liberal 18%
Very Liberal 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 775
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 14%
20,000 - 40,000 19%
40,000 - 60,000 17%
60,000 - 80,000 15%
80,000 - 100,000 10%
Over 100,000 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 614
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.