Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2017 Data Tables



Survey Methodology
N 929 (140 Land Line & 789 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/-3.2%
Fielding Dates October 4, 2017 - November 19, 2017
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 9%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Perceptions of Local Weather

  4. Temperatures in past summer
  5. Global Warming

  6. Belief in global warming
  7. Confidence in belief of global warming
  8. Cause of global warming
  9. Primary cause of global warming
  10. Seriousness of global warming
  11. Immediate government action on global warming
  12. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  13. Factors that affected view
  14. Doubt in Global Warming

  15. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  16. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  17. Government Responsibility

  18. Federal government's responsibility to act
  19. State government's responsibility to act
  20. Local government's responsibility to act
  21. State Policies

  22. Support for state policies
  23. Agree or disagree
  24. Carbon Dioxide Removal

    Data not available from CLOSUP

    Policy Response

  25. Support for phasing out coal-fired power plants
  26. Support for increasing subsides for renewable energy
  27. Support for carbon tax
  28. Support for states increasing taxes on gasoline
  29. Support for states requiring increased energy efficiency
  30. Worldviews

  31. Humans will be able to find ways to reduce temperatures through atmospheric engineering
  32. Should focus on adapting to warmer climate rather than stopping global warming
  33. Rich countries have responsibility to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  34. US economy would benefit from leaving international climate treaty
  35. Americans have benefited from globalization and free trade
  36. Growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens American customs and values
  37. Willingness to Pay

  38. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  39. Demographics

  40. Racial identity
  41. Religious affiliation
  42. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  43. Highest level of education
  44. Political party affiliation
  45. Political beliefs
  46. Agreement with Donald Trump
  47. Family income
  48. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 24%
30-44 25%
45-64 27%
65 and older 20%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 4%
N 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 18%
South 36%
Midwest 21%
West 25%
N 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past summer?

  Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past summer? A lot warmer than usual 20%
Slightly warmer than usual 27%
Slightly cooler than usual 12%
A lot cooler than usual 4%
About the same as usual 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 70%
No 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 928
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 66%
Fairly Confident 30%
Not Too Confident 4%
Not Confident At All <1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 50%
Natural Patterns 16%
A Combination (Volunteered) 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. I know you say it’s a combination, but if you had to choose, would you say that temperatures on earth are rising mostly because of human activity or mostly because of natural patterns?

  Total
I know you say it’s a combination, but if you had to choose, would you say that temperatures on earth are rising mostly because of human activity or mostly because of natural patterns? (Among those who said the earth is getting warmer because of a combination of human activity and natural patterns) Human Activity 61%
Natural Patterns 15%
Equal (Volunteered) 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 164
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 62%
Somewhat Serious 27%
Not Too Serious 6%
Not a Problem 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action?

  Total
Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Yes, it requires immediate government action 76%
No, it does not require immediate government action 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 10%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 23%
Weather Changes 16%
Scientific Research/Data 14%
Al Gore's Documentary <1%
Media Coverage 7%
Declining Species 2%
Human Activity 10%
Natural Patterns 3%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 3%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants 0%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q11-15. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Severe droughts in areas across the United States
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 64% 45% 56% 31% 47%
Somewhat Large 23% 33% 24% 36% 34%
Not Too Large 5% 14% 8% 16% 10%
No Effect 3% 5% 5% 15% 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 3% 7% 2% 5%
N 649 649 649 649 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 55%
Fairly Confident 30%
Not Too Confident 8%
Not Confident At All 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 170
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 31%
Natural Patterns 25%
Not Enough Evidence 4%
Media has Misled 3%
Evidence Disproves 13%
Religious Factors 4%
Political Factors 3%
No Particular Reason 4%
Not Sure/Other 14%
N 170
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18-20. For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. 

  The Federal Government State Governments Local Governments
For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming.  A Great Deal of Responsibility 52% 41% 34%
Some Responsibility 27% 37% 35%
No Responsibility 17% 19% 28%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 3% 4%
N 929 929 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21-27. There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST]

  There should be increased state government support for clean coal technology State governments should require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. State governments should increase taxes on ALL fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption. State governments should support increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power. Increasing the use of natural gas-fired electricity generation in your state.
There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Support 36% 36% 17% 20% 20% 62% 26%
Somewhat Support 31% 33% 25% 23% 29% 21% 30%
Somewhat Oppose 6% 10% 16% 13% 11% 5% 9%
Strongly Oppose 14% 15% 35% 28% 17% 8% 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13% 6% 7% 16% 24% 3% 22%
N 924 929 926 927 928 929 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.





Q28-30. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state’s responsibility to address the problem. My state has already felt negative effects from global warming. My state’s economy will be damaged if it requires greater use of renewable energy while neighboring states don’t have such requirements.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]) Strongly Agree 32% 24% 17%
Somewhat Agree 33% 33% 26%
Somewhat Disagree 12% 12% 19%
Strongly Disagree 18% 18% 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 13% 16%
N 926 926 927
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Webtables for Questions 31 - 33 are not available at this time. This was sponsored research and is still under embargo.

I’m going to read off some proposed policies that would help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, neither support nor oppose, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. (Half of respondents were asked questions Q34-Q38 after the questions about carbon dioxide removal, and half were asked Q34-Q38 before the questions about carbon dioxide removal.)

Q34. Phasing out all coal-fired power plants.

  Total
Phasing out all coal-fired power plants. Strongly Support 28%
Somewhat Support 19%
Neither Support nor Oppose 11%
Somewhat Oppose 14%
Strongly Oppose 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 927
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Increasing subsidies for renewable energy such as wind and solar power.

  Total
Increasing subsidies for renewable energy such as wind and solar power. Strongly Support 62%
Somewhat Support 22%
Neither Support nor Oppose 2%
Somewhat Oppose 4%
Strongly Oppose 7%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 925
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. The federal government increasing taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas.

  Total
The federal government increasing taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas. Strongly Support 18%
Somewhat Support 26%
Neither Support nor Oppose 5%
Somewhat Oppose 15%
Strongly Oppose 32%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 928
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption.

  Total
State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption. Strongly Support 9%
Somewhat Support 18%
Neither Support nor Oppose 6%
Somewhat Oppose 16%
Strongly Oppose 48%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 928
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. State governments should require an increase in energy efficiency for residential and commercial buildings and appliances.

  Total
State governments should require an increase in energy efficiency for residential and commercial buildings and appliances. Strongly Support 40%
Somewhat Support 31%
Neither Support nor Oppose 7%
Somewhat Oppose 8%
Strongly Oppose 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 927
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



For each of the statements that I read please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the statement.

Q39. If human activity leads to global warming then humans will also be able to find ways to reduce temperatures on the planet through atmospheric engineering methods.

  Total
If human activity leads to global warming then humans will also be able to find ways to reduce temperatures on the planet through atmospheric engineering methods. Strongly Agree 20%
Somewhat Agree 31%
Somewhat Disagree 8%
Strongly Disagree 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 22%
N 924
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate.

  Total
Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate. Strongly Agree 6%
Somewhat Agree 16%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 55%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 926
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41. Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Agree 42%
Somewhat Agree 28%
Somewhat Disagree 10%
Strongly Disagree 13%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 926
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. Overall, the U.S. economy would benefit from leaving the international climate treaty designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Overall, the U.S. economy would benefit from leaving the international climate treaty designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Agree 16%
Somewhat Agree 17%
Somewhat Disagree 14%
Strongly Disagree 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 18%
N 924
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. Overall, Americans have benefited from globalization and free trade with other countries.

  Total
Overall, Americans have benefited from globalization and free trade with other countries. Strongly Agree 32%
Somewhat Agree 36%
Somewhat Disagree 8%
Strongly Disagree 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 925
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values.

  Total
The growing number of newcomers from other countries threatens traditional American customs and values. Strongly Agree 15%
Somewhat Agree 15%
Somewhat Disagree 15%
Strongly Disagree 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 909
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST] Nothing each year 36%
1 to 50 dollars per year 21%
50 to 100 dollars a year 13%
100 to 250 dollars a year 11%
250 to 500 dollars a year 7%
Over 500 dollars a year 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 922
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q46. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 60%
African-American 12%
Hispanic 11%
Latino 5%
Asian 4%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 4%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 38%
Catholic 24%
Jewish 3%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 2%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 22%
Atheist 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 852
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 39%
No 60%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 324
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 27%
Some College or Technical School 30%
College Graduate 24%
Graduate or Professional Degree 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 918
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 32%
Republican 26%
Other Party 8%
Independent 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 848
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 12%
Somewhat Conservative 20%
Moderate 35%
Somewhat Liberal 19%
Very Liberal 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 857
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q52. Thinking about important issues facing the country today, overall, would you say you tend to agree with Donald Trump on all or nearly all issues, many but not all issues, a few issues, or no or almost no issues?

  Total
Thinking about important issues facing the country today, overall, would you say you tend to agree with Donald Trump on all or nearly all issues, many but not all issues, a few issues, or no or almost no issues? All or nearly all issues 10%
Many, but not all issues 18%
A few issues 26%
No or almost no issues 43%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q53. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 12%
20,000 - 40,000 20%
40,000 - 60,000 19%
60,000 - 80,000 15%
80,000 - 100,000 9%
Over 100,000 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 677
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 929
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.