Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2016 Data Tables

« Back to the study homepage



Survey Methodology
N 768 (212 Land Line & 556 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 4%
Fielding Dates April 5, 2016 - April 26, 2016
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 9%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Perceptions of Local Weather

  4. Temperatures in past winter
  5. Snow amount in past winter
  6. Temperatures in past summer
  7. Temperature today
  8. Global Warming

  9. Belief in global warming
  10. Confidence in belief of global warming
  11. Cause of global warming
  12. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  13. Factors that affected view
  14. Doubt in Global Warming

  15. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  16. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  17. Factors that affected view
  18. Perceptions of US Weather

  19. US weather extremes
  20. Influence of global warming on US weather
  21. Demographics

  22. Racial identity
  23. Religious affiliation
  24. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  25. Highest level of education
  26. Primary source for news
  27. Political party affiliation
  28. Political beliefs
  29. Family income
  30. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 25%
30-44 25%
45-64 30%
65 and older 20%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over <1%
N 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 19%
South 41%
Midwest 22%
West 19%
N 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Note: Questions 3 through 6 below were asked of respondents at two different places in the survey. Sample A received these questions after Question 2. Sample B received these questions after Question 23.

Q3. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 20% 28% 24%
Slightly warmer than usual 36% 35% 36%
Slightly cooler than usual 9% 9% 9%
A lot cooler than usual 6% 8% 7%
About the same as usual 26% 18% 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 2% 2%
N 385 383 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot more snow than usual 6% 5% 5%
A little more snow than usual 5% 6% 5%
A little less snow than usual 19% 19% 19%
A lot less snow than usual 27% 27% 27%
About the same as usual 12% 15% 13%
Area does not receive snow 32% 26% 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1% 3% 2%
N 385 382 767
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Now thinking back to last summer how would you describe the overall weather in your area. Would you say the weather last summer was: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
Now thinking back to last summer how would you describe the overall weather in your area. Would you say the weather last summer was: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 19% 15% 17%
Slightly warmer than usual 23% 23% 23%
Slightly cooler than usual 13% 14% 14%
A lot cooler than usual 3% 3% 3%
About the same as usual 40% 41% 41%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3% 4% 3%
N 385 383 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area today? Would you say it is: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area today? Would you say it is: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 14% 13% 13%
Slightly warmer than usual 21% 23% 22%
Slightly cooler than usual 17% 19% 18%
A lot cooler than usual 4% 6% 5%
About the same as usual 42% 38% 40%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 2% 2%
N 385 383 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 66%
No 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 19%
N 767
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 71%
Fairly Confident 24%
Not Too Confident 3%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 503
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 46%
Natural Patterns 16%
A Combination (Volunteered) 32%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 503
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 11%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 15%
Weather Changes 16%
Scientific Research/Data 15%
Media Coverage 9%
Declining Species 0%
Human Activity 16%
Natural Patterns 2%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 1%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 13%
N 499
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q11-18. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 59% 35% 25% 38% 30% 33% 50% 51%
Somewhat Large 27% 36% 27% 35% 36% 28% 33% 33%
Not Too Large 6% 17% 12% 14% 18% 9% 7% 5%
No Effect 5% 9% 15% 9% 15% 12% 5% 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3% 3% 21% 5% 2% 18% 4% 3%
N 503 503 501 503 503 503 503 503
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 55%
Fairly Confident 29%
Not Too Confident 11%
Not Confident At All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 118
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 29%
Natural Patterns 28%
Not Enough Evidence 6%
Media has Misled 4%
Evidence Disproves 11%
Religious Factors 2%
Political Factors 1%
No Particular Reason 3%
Not Sure/Other 17%
N 116
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21-23. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 28% 19% 30%
Somewhat Large 25% 22% 25%
Not Too Large 20% 23% 9%
No Effect 25% 30% 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 7% 8%
N 118 118 118
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme or about the same?

  Total
Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme or about the same? More Extreme 65%
Less Extreme 2%
About the Same 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 767
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming?

  Total
How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming? Very Likely 43%
Somewhat Likely 34%
Not Likely 7%
Not At All Likely 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 765
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q26. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 62%
African-American 12%
Hispanic 12%
Latino 3%
Asian 4%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 4%
Other 2%
N 718
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 35%
Catholic 25%
Jewish 1%
Muslim <1%
Hindu 2%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 28%
Atheist 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 680
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 25%
No 64%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 237
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 7%
High School Graduate 24%
Some College or Technical School 30%
College Graduate 26%
Graduate or Professional Degree 13%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 759
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 42%
Newspapers 8%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 40%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 37%
Republican 21%
Other Party 7%
Independent 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 673
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 12%
Somewhat Conservative 18%
Moderate 31%
Somewhat Liberal 20%
Very Liberal 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 693
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 15%
20,000 - 40,000 20%
40,000 - 60,000 21%
60,000 - 80,000 12%
80,000 - 100,000 10%
Over 100,000 17%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 597
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 768
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.