Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2015 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 751 (334 Land Line & 417 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 3.6%
Fielding Dates April 8, 2015 - April 30, 2015
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 11%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Perceptions of Local Weather

  4. Temperatures in past winter
  5. Snow amount in past winter
  6. Temperatures in past summer
  7. Temperature today
  8. Global Warming

  9. Belief in global warming
  10. Confidence in belief of global warming
  11. Cause of global warming
  12. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  13. Factors that affected view
  14. Doubt in Global Warming

  15. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  16. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  17. Factors that affected view
  18. Perceptions of US Weather

  19. US weather extremes
  20. Influence of global warming on US weather
  21. State Renewable Portfolio Standards

  22. States should require renewable energy
  23. Even if it increases costs by $25
  24. Even if it increases costs by $50
  25. Knowledge of state renewable energy requirements
  26. Changes to state's renewable energy requirement
  27. State Cap-and-Trade

  28. Knowledge of state cap-and-trade program
  29. Cap-and-trade in your state generally
  30. If revenues used to reduce taxes
  31. If revenues used for renewable energy
  32. If revenues used for energy efficiency programs
  33. If revenues used for highway and bridge improvements
  34. If revenues placed in trust fund for long-term state needs
  35. Demographics

  36. Racial identity
  37. Religious affiliation
  38. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  39. Highest level of education
  40. Primary source for news
  41. Political party affiliation
  42. Political beliefs
  43. Family income
  44. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 24%
30-44 26%
45-64 29%
65 and older 21%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over <1%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 19%
South 37%
Midwest 22%
West 22%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Note: Questions 3 through 6 below were asked of respondents at two different places in the survey. Sample A received these questions after Question 2. Sample B received these questions after Question 23.

Q3. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area this past winter? Would you say it was: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 12% 15% 13%
Slightly warmer than usual 17% 22% 20%
Slightly cooler than usual 18% 19% 19%
A lot cooler than usual 28% 24% 26%
About the same as usual 23% 16% 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 4% 3%
N 400 351 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
Which of the following best describes the amount of snow your area received this past winter? My area received: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot more snow than usual 18% 17% 18%
A little more snow than usual 13% 8% 10%
A little less snow than usual 15% 13% 14%
A lot less snow than usual 11% 11% 11%
About the same as usual 20% 17% 18%
Area does not receive snow 24% 32% 28%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 2% 1%
N 399 351 750
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Now thinking back to last summer how would you describe the overall weather in your area. Would you say the weather last summer was: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
Now thinking back to last summer how would you describe the overall weather in your area. Would you say the weather last summer was: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 19% 17% 18%
Slightly warmer than usual 18% 25% 21%
Slightly cooler than usual 15% 15% 15%
A lot cooler than usual 6% 7% 6%
About the same as usual 39% 32% 36%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 4% 4%
N 400 349 749
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area today? Would you say it is: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B Total
In general how would you describe the overall weather in your area today? Would you say it is: [SPLIT SAMPLE] A lot warmer than usual 4% 5% 5%
Slightly warmer than usual 23% 29% 26%
Slightly cooler than usual 22% 18% 20%
A lot cooler than usual 7% 6% 7%
About the same as usual 41% 41% 41%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 1% 1%
N 401 351 752
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 63%
No 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13%
N 749
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 54%
Fairly Confident 42%
Not Too Confident 2%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 470
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 47%
Natural Patterns 18%
A Combination (Volunteered) 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 468
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 9%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 16%
Weather Changes 17%
Scientific Research/Data 13%
Media Coverage 5%
Declining Species <1%
Human Activity 23%
Natural Patterns 2%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise <1%
Not Sure/Other 14%
N 458
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q11-18. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 58% 34% 23% 41% 15% 30% 56% 54%
Somewhat Large 27% 34% 30% 34% 25% 37% 32% 31%
Not Too Large 3% 18% 11% 12% 27% 9% 6% 7%
No Effect 8% 13% 21% 11% 31% 10% 5% 7%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3% 1% 15% 3% 1% 15% 2% 2%
N 469 470 468 470 470 470 470 470
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 44%
Fairly Confident 51%
Not Too Confident 4%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 181
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 45%
Natural Patterns 23%
Not Enough Evidence 3%
Media has Misled <1%
Evidence Disproves 6%
Religious Factors 4%
Political Factors 4%
No Particular Reason 2%
Not Sure/Other 12%
N 177
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21-23. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 50% 19% 27%
Somewhat Large 26% 28% 21%
Not Too Large 11% 15% 11%
No Effect 13% 34% 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1% 4% 3%
N 181 181 181
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme or about the same?

  Total
Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme or about the same? More Extreme 69%
Less Extreme 4%
About the Same 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming?

  Total
How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming? Very Likely 31%
Somewhat Likely 37%
Not Likely 13%
Not At All Likely 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements regarding energy policy. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. First,

Q26. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power.

  Total
State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. Strongly Agree 42%
Somewhat Agree 30%
Somewhat Disagree 7%
Strongly Disagree 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 25 dollars per family per year.

  Total
State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 25 dollars per family per year. Strongly Agree 26%
Somewhat Agree 32%
Somewhat Disagree 16%
Strongly Disagree 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 50 dollars per family per year.

  Total
State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 50 dollars per family per year. Strongly Agree 19%
Somewhat Agree 26%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. Next, some states have required that a set portion of the electricity produced in that state should be from renewable sources such as wind or solar power. Does your state have a requirement for the production of renewable energy?

  Total
Next, some states have required that a set portion of the electricity produced in that state should be from renewable sources such as wind or solar power. Does your state have a requirement for the production of renewable energy? Yes 10%
No 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 59%
N 743
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Do you believe your state should increase, decrease, or make no changes to the amount of electricity that must be produced from renewable sources such as wind or solar power?

  Total
Do you believe your state should increase, decrease, or make no changes to the amount of electricity that must be produced from renewable sources such as wind or solar power? (Among those who said their state has a requirement for the production of renewable energy) Increase 66%
Decrease 2%
Make No Changes 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 76
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. Some states and a number of other nations have adopted a policy that requires electric utilities to sell or trade allowances tied to their emissions of greenhouse gases. These allowances can be distributed through an auction process that may increase the cost of energy for consumers and also produce funds for government. This policy is commonly known as cap-and-trade and is intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To the best of your knowledge has your state adopted such a program?

  Total
Some states and a number of other nations have adopted a policy that requires electric utilities to sell or trade allowances tied to their emissions of greenhouse gases. These allowances can be distributed through an auction process that may increase the cost of energy for consumers and also produce funds for government. This policy is commonly known as cap-and-trade and is intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To the best of your knowledge has your state adopted such a program? Yes 6%
No 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 65%
N 749
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Do you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree that your state should have a cap and trade program?

  Total
Do you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree that your state should have a cap and trade program? Strongly Agree 14%
Somewhat Agree 21%
Somewhat Disagree 9%
Strongly Disagree 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 38%
N 749
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. In addition to the states that already have a cap and trade program, some other states are considering such a program to comply with federal requirements to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. There are a number of different policy options in setting up a cap and trade program, though. For each option that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy.

First, would you support a cap-and-trade program in your state if it increased energy costs but used all revenue to reduce other taxes?

  Total
In addition to the states that already have a cap and trade program, some other states are considering such a program to comply with federal requirements to reduce greenhouse gases from power plants. There are a number of different policy options in setting up a cap and trade program, though. For each option that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy.

First, would you support a cap-and-trade program in your state if it increased energy costs but used all revenue to reduce other taxes?
Strongly Support 13%
Somewhat Support 28%
Somewhat Oppose 12%
Strongly Oppose 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 26%
N 747
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support the expanded use of renewable energy? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy?

  Total
What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support the expanded use of renewable energy? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy? Strongly Support 19%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 9%
Strongly Oppose 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 25%
N 747
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support expanded energy efficiency programs that help to reduce household electricity use? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy?

  Total
What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support expanded energy efficiency programs that help to reduce household electricity use? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose your state adopting such a policy? Strongly Support 17%
Somewhat Support 30%
Somewhat Oppose 8%
Strongly Oppose 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 25%
N 747
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support highway and bridge improvements?

  Total
What if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but used all revenue to support highway and bridge improvements? Strongly Support 9%
Somewhat Support 24%
Somewhat Oppose 13%
Strongly Oppose 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 24%
N 746
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. And what if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but placed all revenue into a permanent fund from which the state could take interest to address long-term state needs?

  Total
And what if a cap-and-trade program in your state increased energy costs but placed all revenue into a permanent fund from which the state could take interest to address long-term state needs? Strongly Support 5%
Somewhat Support 17%
Somewhat Oppose 10%
Strongly Oppose 43%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 24%
N 746
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q38. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 61%
African-American 13%
Hispanic 15%
Latino 1%
Asian 4%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 2%
N 735
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 42%
Catholic 29%
Jewish 1%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 20%
Atheist 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 688
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 24%
No 72%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 283
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 6%
High School Graduate 29%
Some College or Technical School 29%
College Graduate 24%
Graduate or Professional Degree 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 744
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 50%
Newspapers 8%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 4%
The Internet 33%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 749
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 39%
Republican 24%
Other Party 7%
Independent 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 669
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 17%
Somewhat Conservative 16%
Moderate 31%
Somewhat Liberal 20%
Very Liberal 8%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 689
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 13%
20,000 - 40,000 21%
40,000 - 60,000 23%
60,000 - 80,000 14%
80,000 - 100,000 9%
Over 100,000 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 513
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 751
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.