Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2014 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 942 (519 Land Line & 423 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 3.5%
Fielding Dates October 6, 2014 - November 6, 2014
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 15%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  8. Factors that affected view
  9. Doubt in Global Warming

  10. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  11. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  12. Factors that affected view
  13. Weather

  14. Personal experiences with changing weather patterns
  15. Personal observations
  16. Temperatures in past summer
  17. US weather extremes
  18. Influence of global warming on US weather
  19. Governments and Global Warming

  20. Potential effectiveness of governments at preventing global warming
  21. Associations with:
  22. Support or oppose federal regulations for new power plants
  23. Clean Power Plan

  24. Support or oppose the Clean Power Plan
  25. Support or oppose your state requiring renewable energy
  26. Support or oppose your state requiring energy efficiency standards
  27. Support or oppose your state increasing taxes on fossil fuels
  28. Support or oppose your state allowing cap and trade
  29. Preference for your state's emission reduction plan
  30. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  31. Keystone XL Pipeline

  32. Support or oppose Keystone XL pipeline
  33. Media coverage pro- or anti-pipeline
  34. Understanding of Climate Science

  35. True/False climate science questions
  36. Worldviews

  37. Worldview statements
  38. Demographics

  39. Racial identity
  40. Religious affiliation
  41. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  42. Highest level of education
  43. Primary source for news
  44. Trust in scientists regarding global warming
  45. Political party affiliation
  46. Political beliefs
  47. Change in personal financial situation
  48. Family income
  49. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 22%
30-44 24%
45-64 28%
65 and older 25%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 1%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 20%
South 36%
Midwest 22%
West 22%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Now I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Now I would like to ask you a few question on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 60%
No 23%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 17%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 57%
Fairly Confident 38%
Not Too Confident 4%
Not Confident At All <1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 565
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 45%
Natural Patterns 20%
A Combination (Volunteered) 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 565
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 12%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 18%
Weather Changes 17%
Scientific Research/Data 10%
Media Coverage 10%
Declining Species <1%
Human Activity 15%
Natural Patterns 3%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 3%
Religious Factors 1%
Not Sure/Other 12%
N 563
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7-14. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 60% 39% 24% 34% 27% 42% 50% 51%
Somewhat Large 28% 35% 36% 38% 31% 35% 36% 31%
Not Too Large 5% 16% 12% 15% 23% 7% 7% 9%
No Effect 5% 8% 18% 9% 18% 9% 5% 7%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 2% 9% 4% 1% 8% 2% 2%
N 565 565 563 565 565 565 565 564
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q15. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 50%
Fairly Confident 38%
Not Too Confident 6%
Not Confident At All 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 221
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 41%
Natural Patterns 19%
Not Enough Evidence 7%
Media has Misled <1%
Evidence Disproves 10%
Religious Factors 6%
Political Factors 2%
No Particular Reason 2%
Not Sure/Other 14%
N 219
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17-19. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 44% 25% 33%
Somewhat Large 20% 22% 21%
Not Too Large 11% 20% 18%
No Effect 22% 31% 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 2% 1%
N 221 221 224
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20. Over the past few years have you personally seen any significant changes in weather patterns where you live?

  Total
Over the past few years have you personally seen any significant changes in weather patterns where you live? Yes 57%
No 40%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 941
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21. What changes have you seen personally?

  Total
What changes have you seen personally? (Among those who said they have witnessed significant changes in weather patterns) Hotter Temperatures in General 14%
Colder Temperatures in General 6%
More Extreme and Varied Weather and Seasons 20%
Stronger and Increasing Number of Storms 10%
Drought and Drier Conditions 5%
Floods and Wetter Conditions 5%
Seasons Generally Different 8%
Winters Shorter and Less Snow 8%
Summers Hotter and Drier 5%
Seasons Colder and Snowier 13%
Other 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q22. How would you describe the weather in your area this past summer? On average would you say it was:

  Total
How would you describe the weather in your area this past summer? On average would you say it was: A lot warmer than usual 24%
A lot cooler than usual 37%
About the same as usual? 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q23. Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme, or about the same?

  Total
Now thinking about weather across the country, would you say weather in the US has been getting more extreme, less extreme or about the same? More Extreme 68%
Less Extreme 2%
About the Same 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 940
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming?

  Total
How likely is it that weather in the US is influenced by global warming? Very Likely 31%
Somewhat Likely 37%
Not Likely 12%
Not At All Likely 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 940
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. Assuming they are willing to act, how effective do you think governments in this country can be at preventing global warming from happening? Do you think governments can be... [READ LIST]

  Total
Assuming they are willing to act, How effective do you think governments in this country can be at preventing global warming from happening? Do you think governments can be... [READ LIST] Very Effective 11%
Somewhat Effective 35%
Not Too Effective 20%
Not effective at all in preventing global warming from happening 21%
Global Warming Isn't Happening (Volunteered) 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. Now please tell me what is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the term: [RANDOMIZE: SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Global Warming Climate Change
Now please tell me what is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear the term: [RANDOMIZE: SPLIT SAMPLE] Increasing Temperatures/Hotter Conditions 14% 16%
Weather, Extreme Conditions, Changing Seasons 14% 36%
Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 12% 4%
Politics 6% 5%
Al Gore 5% 2%
Rising Sea Levels 2% <1%
Hoax, Fraud, Not Happening 12% 6%
Climate and Climate Change 5% N/A
Global Warming N/A 4%
Pollution/Fossil Fuels, Greenhouse Gases 7% 3%
Concern, Danger, Threatening 2% 1%
Nothing, Not Sure 6% 5%
Other 16% 19%
N 486 456
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Now I would like to ask you a few questions about government policy designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Q27. The federal government now requires that any new power plant reduce their greenhouse gas emissions significantly. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose these requirements?

  Total
The federal government now requires that any new power plant reduce their greenhouse gas emissions significantly. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose these requirements? Strongly Support 44%
Somewhat Support 29%
Somewhat Oppose 4%
Strongly Oppose 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 941
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from existing power plants. It gives each state flexibility in deciding how to reduce these emissions through negotiations with the federal government. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this policy?

  Total
The federal government has introduced a Clean Power Plan that is designed to reduce greenhouse gases from existing power plants. It gives each state flexibility in deciding how to reduce these emissions through negotiations with the federal government. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this policy? Strongly Support 37%
Somewhat Support 30%
Somewhat Oppose 8%
Strongly Oppose 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13%
N 941
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



The new federal Clean Power Plan lets states pick from a series of options in deciding on how to reduce power plant emissions. For each of the following policy options I read please indicate if you support or oppose your state adopting that policy as a means of reducing emissions?


Q29. Requiring a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.

  Total
Requiring a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar. Support 79%
Oppose 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 940
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Requiring increased energy efficiency standards for new homes and appliances in your state.

  Total
Requiring increased energy efficiency standards for new homes and appliances in your state. Support 84%
Oppose 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 939
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels used in generating electricity in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels used in generating electricity in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Support 31%
Oppose 59%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 938
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Allowing businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases to reduce greenhouse gases. This policy is commonly referred to as cap and trade.

  Total
Allowing businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases to reduce greenhouse gases. This policy is commonly referred to as cap and trade. Support 27%
Oppose 45%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 28%
N 939
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Each state is required to adopt its own emission reduction plan under the federal government’s Clean Power Policy. Which approach to this federal requirement would you like your state to take:

  Total
Each state is required to adopt its own emission reduction plan under the federal government’s Clean Power Policy. Which approach to this federal requirement would you like your state to take: Cooperate and enter into negotiations with the federal government on a plan 41%
Delay until more is known about the plan and see how other states respond 43%
Refuse to cooperate and join other states in suing the federal government to block the plan 9%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 938
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay... [Read list]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay... [Read list] Nothing each year 46%
1 to 50 dollars per year 18%
50 to 100 dollars a year 16%
100 to 250 dollars a year 7%
250 to 500 dollars a year 4%
Over 500 dollars a year 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 939
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



As you may have heard, there are a few pipeline proposals now being considered in the US.
One is the Keystone XL energy pipeline that would transport oil from Canada's oil sands region through the mid-Western United States to refineries in Texas.

Q35. On a scale of 0 to 10, where 10 means strongly support and 0 means strongly oppose, how strongly do you support or oppose the building of the Keystone XL energy pipeline?

  No Lead-In language An argument for building this pipeline is that it will create jobs. An argument against building this pipeline is that it will increase greenhouse gas emissions. An argument against building this pipeline is that it will put local land and water resources at risk of contamination from spills.

On a scale of 0 to 10, where 10 means strongly support and 0 means strongly oppose, how strongly do you support or oppose the building of the Keystone XL energy pipeline?

[Respondents were randomly given one of for wordings for this question, with no lead-in statement or one of three potential lead-ins.]

0 - Strongly Oppose 17% 18% 19% 21%
1 2% 1% 2% 4%
2 4% 2% 3% 3%
3 2% 1% 2% 1%
4 4% 4% 2% 6%
5 15% 13% 14% 8%
6 6% 10% 6% 6%
7 6% 10% 6% 4%
8 7% 9% 7% 5%
9 4% 5% 3% 4%
10 - Strongly Support 22% 21% 22% 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11% 7% 14% 13%
N 240 223 243 232
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Based on what you’ve seen and heard in the news, have news media in general presented a more pro-pipeline, more anti-pipeline, or neutral coverage of pipeline projects in the US?

  Total
Based on what you’ve seen and heard in the news, have news media in general presented a more pro-pipeline, more anti-pipeline or neutral coverage of pipeline projects in the US? Pro-Pipeline 14%
Anti-Pipeline 21%
Neutral 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 27%
N 935
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37-40. Now for each statement that I now read, please tell me if you believe the statement to be true or false. [ROTATED LIST]

  Climate scientists believe that human-caused global warming will result in flooding of many coastal regions. Climate scientists believe that carbon dioxide is a more potent greenhouse gas than methane. Climate scientists believe that global warming slowed down between 2000 and 2009. Climate scientists believe that carbon dioxide is responsible for the hole in the ozone layer.

Now for each statement that I now read, please tell me if you believe the statement to be true or false. [ROTATED LIST]

True 58% 35% 23% 45%
False 31% 35% 47% 37%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12% 30% 31% 18%
N 939 937 938 938
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41-43. Now, please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement, please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  Government should redistribute wealth to make society more equal. Society works best when we compete as individuals. It is acceptable to slow down economic growth if it can help solve environmental problems.
Now, please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement, please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 19% 39% 18%
Somewhat Agree 23% 27% 32%
Somewhat Disagree 11% 16% 18%
Strongly Disagree 42% 13% 23%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 6% 9%
N 924 926 924
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q44. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 66%
African-American 13%
Hispanic 11%
Latino 2%
Asian 3%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 1%
N 923
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 44%
Catholic 27%
Jewish 2%
Muslim <1%
Hindu <1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 21%
Atheist 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 864
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 31%
No 67%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 378
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 25%
Some College or Technical School 28%
College Graduate 27%
Graduate or Professional Degree 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 928
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 54%
Newspapers 8%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 30%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 928
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. How much do you trust or distrust scientists as a source of information about global warming? Do you strongly trust, somewhat trust, somewhat distrust or strongly distrust scientists as a source of information about global warming?

  Total
How much do you trust or distrust scientists as a source of information about global warming? Do you strongly trust, somewhat trust, somewhat distrust or strongly distrust scientists as a source of information about global warming? Strongly Trust 21%
Somewhat Trust 38%
Somewhat Distrust 11%
Strongly Distrust 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 924
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 38%
Republican 24%
Other Party 5%
Independent 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 867
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 16%
Somewhat Conservative 17%
Moderate 36%
Somewhat Liberal 14%
Very Liberal 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 885
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q52. Over the past 12 months, would you say that your personal financial situation has been getting better, been getting worse, or stayed about the same?

  Total
Over the past 12 months, would you say that your personal financial situation has been getting better, been getting worse, or stayed about the same? Better 20%
Worse 22%
About the Same 58%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 884
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q53. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 15%
20,000 - 40,000 21%
40,000 - 60,000 24%
60,000 - 80,000 16%
80,000 - 100,000 7%
Over 100,000 13%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 619
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 942
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.