Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2013 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 853 (552 Land Line & 301 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 3.5%
Fielding Dates April 1, 2013 - April 14, 2013
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 11%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Immediate government action on global warming
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Doubt in Global Warming

  12. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  13. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  14. Factors that affected view
  15. Global Warming Evidence and Policy Response

  16. Agree or disagree statements
  17. State action on greenhouse gas emissions
  18. Support or oppose emissions trading
  19. Support or oppose creation of Energy Security Fund
  20. State cooperation with EPA clean air regulations
  21. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  22. Demographics

  23. Racial identity
  24. Religious affiliation
  25. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  26. Highest level of education
  27. Primary source for news
  28. Political party affiliation
  29. Political beliefs
  30. Family income
  31. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Your participation in the project is voluntary and your responses are confidential. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 13%
30-44 25%
45-64 36%
65 and older 25%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over <1%
N 853
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 19%
South 35%
Midwest 23%
West 23%
N 853
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 64%
No 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 15%
N 852
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming)

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 53%
Fairly Confident 43%
Not Too Confident 3%
Not Confident At All <1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 42%
Natural Patterns 11%
A Combination (Volunteered) 43%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 52%
Somewhat Serious 38%
Not Too Serious 6%
Not a Problem 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action?

  Total
Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Yes, it requires immediate government action 66%
No, it does not require immediate government action 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 15%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 17%
Weather Changes 21%
Scientific Research/Data 8%
Al Gore's Documentary 1%
Media Coverage 7%
Declining Species <1%
Human Activity 13%
Natural Patterns 4%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 3%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 10%
N 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-16. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 53% 32% 14% 22% 21% 23% 28% 29%
Somewhat Large 38% 42% 33% 42% 38% 51% 54% 52%
Not Too Large 5% 18% 23% 24% 28% 10% 11% 12%
No Effect 2% 7% 22% 10% 12% 6% 5% 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 1% 8% 3% 1% 10% 3% 2%
N 541 541 541 541 541 541 541 541
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is NOT increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 50%
Fairly Confident 47%
Not Too Confident 2%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 185
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 28%
Natural Patterns 23%
Not Enough Evidence 7%
Media has Misled 3%
Evidence Disproves 7%
Religious Factors 16%
Political Factors 5%
No Particular Reason 1%
Not Sure/Other 9%
N 185
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19-21. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 40% 19% 19%
Somewhat Large 36% 22% 27%
Not Too Large 10% 14% 8%
No Effect 14% 43% 45%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0% 2% 0%
N 185 185 185
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q22-28. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree.

  There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming. My state should not adopt anti-global warming policies unless its neighboring states also adopt similar policies. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem. My state has already felt negative effects from global warming. My religious beliefs affect my views on how government should deal with the issue of global warming.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. Strongly Agree 15% 15% 20% 14% 24% 18% 4%
Somewhat Agree 21% 23% 28% 23% 24% 34% 5%
Somewhat Disagree 21% 21% 19% 20% 18% 14% 8%
Strongly Disagree 34% 33% 27% 31% 27% 21% 71%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9% 8% 7% 12% 7% 13% 12%
N 853 853 853 850 848 852 821
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29-32. There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST]

  State governments should increase taxes on all fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption. State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, or hydroelectric power. State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption.
There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Support 7% 17% 41% 4%
Somewhat Support 19% 34% 34% 11%
Somewhat Oppose 14% 10% 4% 15%
Strongly Oppose 55% 26% 18% 68%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 14% 4% 2%
N 853 852 853 853
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. California has begun to auction greenhouse gas allowances for large industries. Under this policy large industries can use those allowances to emit greenhouse gases to an established level or they can sell or trade those allowances to other businesses if they are able to lower emissions below the permitted level. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this policy?

  Total
California has begun to auction greenhouse gas allowances for large industries. Under this policy large industries can use those allowances to emit greenhouse gases to an established level or they can sell or trade those allowances to other businesses if they are able to lower emissions below the permitted level. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this policy? Strongly Support 16%
Somewhat Support 33%
Somwhat Oppose 10%
Strongly Oppose 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 20%
N 853
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. There is a proposal to create an Energy Security Fund. This fund would receive revenues from taxing oil and gas drilling on federal government lands. It would use the funds for alternative energy research and development. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the creation of this fund?

  Total
There is a proposal to create an Energy Security Fund. This fund would receive revenues from taxing oil and gas drilling on federal government lands. It would use the funds for alternative energy research and development. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the creation of this fund? Strongly Support 26%
Somewhat Support 38%
Somewhat Oppose 7%
Strongly Oppose 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 853
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. The Environmental Protection Agency or EPA has begun to use clean air regulations to reduce large industrial sources of greenhouse gases. These regulations are generally implemented in collaboration with states. How should your state respond to this new federal regulation? Should they cooperate with the EPA or refuse to cooperate with the EPA on the new clean air regulations?

  Total
The Environmental Protection Agency or EPA has begun to use clean air regulations to reduce large industrial sources of greenhouse gases. These regulations are generally implemented in collaboration with states. How should your state respond to this new federal regulation? Should they cooperate with the EPA or refuse to cooperate with the EPA on the new clean air regulations? Cooperate 68%
Refuse to Cooperate 17%
Other Option (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13%
N 852
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  [READ LIST] [CODED OPEN-END RESPONSE]
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? [SPLIT SAMPLE] Nothing each year 39% 46%
1 to 50 dollars per year 20% 20%
50 to 100 dollars a year 18% 12%
100 to 250 dollars a year 14% 9%
250 to 500 dollars a year 2% 4%
Over 500 dollars a year 1% 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7% 6%
N 416 424
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q37. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 73%
African-American 11%
Hispanic/Latino 8%
Asian 3%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 1%
N 847
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 46%
Catholic 27%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 18%
Atheist 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 808
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 34%
No 62%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 363
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 3%
High School Graduate 31%
Some College or Technical School 26%
College Graduate 30%
Graduate or Professional Degree 11%
N 847
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 54%
Newspapers 17%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 22%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 847
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 41%
Republican 25%
Other Party 4%
Independent 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 779
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 18%
Somewhat Conservative 21%
Moderate 31%
Somewhat Liberal 17%
Very Liberal 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 804
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 16%
20,000 - 40,000 27%
40,000 - 60,000 25%
60,000 - 80,000 13%
80,000 - 100,000 6%
Over 100,000 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 545
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 852
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.