Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2013 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 947 (626 Land Line & 321 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 3.5%
Fielding Dates October 3, 2013 - October 14, 2013
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 12%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  8. Factors that affected view
  9. Doubt in Global Warming

  10. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  11. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  12. Factors that affected view
  13. Actions on Climate Change

  14. Concern over global warming/climate change
  15. Support or oppose US signing international agreement
  16. Knowledge of Kyoto Protocol
  17. State Actions to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

  18. Support or oppose increasing taxes on fossil fuels
  19. Support or oppose cap and trade
  20. Support or oppose renewable energy mandates
  21. Support or oppose increasing taxes on gasoline
  22. Cap and Trade

  23. Heard of cap and trade
  24. Support or oppose cap and trade
  25. Support or oppose cap and trade if it increases energy costs
  26. Carbon Tax

  27. Support or oppose carbon tax
  28. Support or oppose carbon tax if it increases energy costs
  29. Support or oppose carbon tax depending on use of revenue
  30. Policy Support Given Partisan Cues

  31. Support or oppose new regulations on coal power
  32. Partisanship impact on support or opposition for carbon pricing
  33. Strength of position
  34. Energy and Climate Policy

  35. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  36. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  37. Support or oppose building new oil and gas pipelines
  38. Demographics

  39. Racial identity
  40. Religious affiliation
  41. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  42. Highest level of education
  43. Primary source for news
  44. Political party affiliation
  45. Political beliefs
  46. Change in personal financial situation
  47. Family income
  48. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 17%
30-44 28%
45-64 36%
65 and older 19%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over <1%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 23%
South 33%
Midwest 20%
West 23%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 61%
No 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 14%
N 944
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 47%
Fairly Confident 49%
Not Too Confident 3%
Not Confident At All 0%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 579
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 40%
Natural Patterns 21%
A Combination (Volunteered) 36%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 579
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 10%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 20%
Weather Changes 18%
Scientific Research/Data 10%
Gore Documentary <1%
Media Coverage 7%
Declining Species <1%
Human Activity 16%
Natural Patterns 4%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 3%
Religious Factors 1%
Population Growth 2%
Growing Season / Plants 1%
Not Sure/Other 8%
N 579
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7-14. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 46% 40% 15% 24% 23% 27% 37% 43%
Somewhat Large 37% 34% 32% 44% 40% 35% 49% 40%
Not Too Large 10% 18% 26% 22% 25% 21% 9% 12%
No Effect 5% 7% 22% 8% 11% 10% 5% 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% <1% 5% 2% 1% 6% 1% <1%
N 579 579 579 579 579 579 579 579
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q15. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 29%
Fairly Confident 60%
Not Too Confident 5%
Not Confident At All 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 235
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 30%
Natural Patterns 18%
Not Enough Evidence 5%
Media has Misled 1%
Evidence Disproves 20%
Religious Factors 7%
Political Factors 6%
No Particular Reason 2%
Not Sure/Other 12%
N 235
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17-19. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 44% 14% 33%
Somewhat Large 31% 29% 14%
Not Too Large 13% 17% 8%
No Effect 12% 41% 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0% <1% 1%
N 235 235 235
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20. How concerned are you about the issue of [global warming/climate change]? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of [X]? [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  X: Global Warming X: Climate Change
How concerned are you about the issue of [global warming/climate change]? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all about the issue of [X]? [SPLIT SAMPLE] Very Concerned 25% 23%
Somewhat Concerned 33% 34%
Not Too Concerned 20% 21%
Not Concerned At All 22% 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0% 1%
N 477 470
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21. As you may already know, government leaders from around the world will meet in November to negotiate a new international agreement to limit global emissions of greenhouse gases. How much do you support the US signing onto an agreement [Additional text for Sample B: even if it means doing so ahead of other countries such as China]? Do you strongly support, somewhat support, neither support or oppose, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the US taking such a position? [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  Sample A Sample B
As you may already know, government leaders from around the world will meet in November to negotiate a new international agreement to limit global emissions of greenhouse gases. How much do you support the US signing onto an agreement [Additional text for Sample B: even if it means doing so ahead of other countries such as China]? Do you strongly support, somewhat support, neither support or oppose, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the US taking such a position? [SPLIT SAMPLE] Strongly Support 29% 22%
Somewhat Support 26% 30%
Neither Support nor Oppose 22% 23%
Somewhat Oppose 7% 6%
Strongly Oppose 9% 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8% 8%
N 461 486
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q22. Still thinking about America's international role in combating global warming, can you tell me if the US is part of the Kyoto Protocol?

  Total
Still thinking about America's international role in combating global warming, can you tell me if the US is part of the Kyoto Protocol? Yes 17%
No 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 56%
N 945
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [Note: Questions 23 through 26 were rotated in order and split into two samples for each question]


Q23. State governments should increase taxes on all fossil fuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

[Additional text for Sample B: even if it raises the cost of energy by about 10 percent.]

  Sample A Sample B
State governments should increase taxes on all fossil fuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions [Additional text for Sample B: even if it raises the cost of energy by about 10 percent]. Strongly Support 5% 9%
Somewhat Support 18% 14%
Somewhat Oppose 16% 19%
Strongly Oppose 55% 53%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 5%
N 485 461
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases.

[Additional text for Sample B: even if it increases the cost of some goods by about 10 percent.]

  Sample A Sample B
State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases [Additional text for Sample B: even if it raises the cost of some goods by about 10 percent]. Strongly Support 10% 5%
Somewhat Support 22% 22%
Somewhat Oppose 11% 24%
Strongly Oppose 34% 43%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 22% 6%
N 470 477
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.

[Additional text for Sample B: even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 100 dollars per year.]

  Sample A Sample B
State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar [Additional text for Sample B: even if it increases the cost of electricity by about 100 dollars per year]. Strongly Support 46% 18%
Somewhat Support 33% 27%
Somewhat Oppose 7% 13%
Strongly Oppose 11% 39%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3% 3%
N 477 470
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

[Additional text for Sample B: even if it increases the price of gasoline by about 25 cents per gallon.]

  Sample A Sample B
State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions [Additional text for Sample B: even if it increases the price of gasoline by about 25 cents per gallon]. Strongly Support 6% 3%
Somewhat Support 11% 8%
Somewhat Oppose 18% 14%
Strongly Oppose 63% 73%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 2%
N 461 485
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



There is a proposed system called cap and trade where the government would issue permits limiting the amount of greenhouse gases companies can put out. Companies that did not use all their permits could sell them to other companies. The idea is that many companies would find ways to put out less greenhouse gases because that would be cheaper than buying permits.


Q27. Have you heard a lot about this system, a little, or not at all?

  Total
Have you heard a lot about this system, a little, or not at all? A Lot 10%
A Little 36%
Not At All 48%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 11%
Somewhat Support 27%
Somewhat Oppose 14%
Strongly Oppose 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 30%
N 946
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 8%
Somewhat Support 23%
Somewhat Oppose 25%
Strongly Oppose 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 6%
Somewhat Support 16%
Somewhat Oppose 24%
Strongly Oppose 46%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. What if the carbon fuels tax significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system?

  Total
What if the carbon fuels tax significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system? Strongly Support 7%
Somewhat Support 21%
Somewhat Oppose 24%
Strongly Oppose 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system?

  And what if revenues from the tax were used to fund research and development for energy efficiency and renewable energy programs? And what if the tax was made to be completely "revenue neutral", meaning that every dollar collected by the government would be returned in the form of a tax rebate payment made to you each year.
Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose such a system?

[Respondents were randomly given one of two lead-in descriptions]

Strongly Support 21% 23%
Somewhat Support 39% 40%
Somewhat Oppose 12% 10%
Strongly Oppose 20% 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9% 8%
N 486 461
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose imposing new regulations on coal-fired electricity generation to address climate change?

  An alternative policy would set a hard cap on emissions from coal-fired electricity. President Obama has proposed setting a hard cap on emissions from coal-fired electricity.
Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose imposing new regulations on coal-fired electricity generation to address climate change?

[Respondents were randomly given one of two lead-in descriptions]

Strongly Support 9% 14%
Somewhat Support 27% 26%
Somewhat Oppose 18% 16%
Strongly Oppose 26% 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 20% 19%
N 466 481
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. Some [X] have proposed policies that would increase the price of emitting carbon dioxide in the US. [Y] do not support this policy, and have called this proposal a new tax. Do you support, oppose, or neither support nor oppose efforts to increase the cost of carbon pollution?

  X: politicians
Y: Other politicians
X: Democrats
Y: However, some Republicans
X: Republicans
Y: However, some Democrats
X: politicians
Y: However, some Democrats
X: politicians
Y: However, some Republicans
Some [X] have proposed policies that would increase the price of emitting carbon dioxide in the US. [Y] do not support this policy, and have called this proposal a new tax. Do you support, oppose, or neither support nor oppose efforts to increase the cost of carbon pollution?

[Respondents were randomly assigned to one of five conditions.]

Support 32% 28% 23% 30% 24%
Oppose 36% 35% 39% 29% 36%
Neither Support Nor Oppose 23% 24% 25% 28% 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9% 13% 13% 13% 18%
N 190 201 181 179 195
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35A. And is that strongly support, support, or moderately support?

  Total
And is that strongly support, support, or moderately support? (Among those who said "Support" in Q34) Strongly Support 49%
Support 34%
Moderately Support 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 258
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35B. And is that strongly oppose, oppose, or moderately oppose?

  Total
And is that strongly oppose, oppose, or moderately oppose? (Among those who said "Oppose" in Q34) Strongly Oppose 40%
Oppose 48%
Moderately Oppose 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 330
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay: [SPLIT SAMPLE]

  [READ LIST] [CODED OPEN-END RESPONSE]
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay: [SPLIT SAMPLE] Nothing each year 42% 48%
1 to 50 dollars per year 19% 16%
50 to 100 dollars a year 16% 14%
100 to 250 dollars a year 11% 8%
250 to 500 dollars a year 4% 4%
Over 500 dollars a year 1% 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6% 8%
N 446 497
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37-41. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree.

  If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem. State governments will boost their economies by requiring greater use of renewable energy My state should not adopt anti-global warming policies unless its neighboring states also adopt similar policies. My state has already felt the negative effects of global warming Rich countries like the US have a moral obligation to show international leadership by reducing their greenhouse gas emissions
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 19% 21% 8% 15% 22%
Somewhat Agree 31% 35% 26% 33% 35%
Somewhat Disagree 17% 11% 27% 20% 14%
Strongly Disagree 27% 13% 28% 23% 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6% 20% 10% 9% 11%
N 944 944 942 947 945
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. There is currently some discussion around the construction of new energy pipelines to transport oil and gas across parts of Canada and the United States. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the construction of these new pipelines to transport oil and gas?

  Total
There is currently some discussion around the construction of new energy pipelines to transport oil and gas across parts of Canada and the United States. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose the construction of these new pipelines to transport oil and gas? Strongly Support 28%
Somewhat Support 34%
Somewhat Oppose 13%
Strongly Oppose 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 946
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q43. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 62%
African-American 13%
Hispanic/Latino 16%
Asian 3%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 1%
N 934
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 42%
Catholic 27%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 24%
Atheist 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 888
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 23%
No 74%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 374
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 6%
High School Graduate 29%
Some College or Technical School 30%
College Graduate 23%
Graduate or Professional Degree 12%
N 920
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 51%
Newspapers 18%
Talk Radio Programs 2%
Radio News Programs 1%
The Internet 26%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 934
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 36%
Republican 24%
Other Party 3%
Independent 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 877
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 16%
Somewhat Conservative 23%
Moderate 28%
Somewhat Liberal 19%
Very Liberal 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 894
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. Over the past 12 months, would you say that your personal financial situation has been getting better, been getting worse, or stayed about the same?

  Total
Over the past 12 months, would you say that your personal financial situation has been getting better, been getting worse, or stayed about the same? Better 12%
Worse 41%
About the Same 45%
Don't Know (Volunteered) 1%
N 889
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 21%
20,000 - 40,000 32%
40,000 - 60,000 19%
60,000 - 80,000 11%
80,000 - 100,000 5%
Over 100,000 10%
Don't Know (Volunteered) 3%
N 629
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 48%
Female 52%
N 947
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.