Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2012 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 726 (520 Land Line & 206 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 4.0%
Fielding Dates March 28, 2012 – April 16, 2012
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 16%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Region


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Immediate government action on global warming
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Doubt in Global Warming

  12. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  13. Factors that affected view
  14. Global Warming Evidence

  15. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  16. Policy Options to Reduce Emissions

  17. Support or oppose increasing taxes on all fossil fuels
  18. Support or oppose increasing taxes on gasoline
  19. Support or oppose cap and trade
  20. Support or oppose increasing taxes on use of electricity
  21. Support or oppose requiring renewable energy
  22. Support or oppose federal regulations to limit emissions from industrial sources
  23. Support or oppose use of Clean Air Act to enforce greenhouse gas emissions reductions
  24. Support or oppose requiring average fuel economy of 54.5 mpg by 2025
  25. Even if it raises price of new cars by 5%
  26. Demographics

  27. Racial identity
  28. Religious affiliation
  29. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  30. Highest level of education
  31. Primary source for news
  32. Political party affiliation
  33. Political beliefs
  34. Family income
  35. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. What is your current age? [CODED OPEN-END RESPONSE]

  Total
Thank you. What is your current age? [CODED OPEN-END RESPONSE] 18-29 17%
30-44 19%
45-64 35%
65 and older 25%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 3%
N 726
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 18%
South 37%
Midwest 21%
West 24%
N 725
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 65%
No 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 726
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming)

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 63%
Fairly Confident 32%
Not Too Confident 4%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 472
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 37%
Natural Patterns 15%
A Combination (Volunteered) 46%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 472
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 58%
Somewhat Serious 29%
Not Too Serious 7%
Not a Problem 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 472
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action?

  Total
Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action? Yes, it requires immediate government action 66%
No, it does not require immediate government action 25%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 472
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 14%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 20%
Weather Changes 21%
Scientific Research/Data 10%
Gore Documentary <1%
Media Coverage 8%
Declining Species 1%
Human Activity 8%
Natural Patterns 4%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 1%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 472
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-16. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 57% 42% 17% 24% 36% 41% 30% 37%
Somewhat Large 33% 34% 34% 38% 33% 33% 40% 43%
Not Too Large 5% 13% 17% 20% 17% 9% 18% 10%
No Effect 4% 11% 22% 13% 14% 10% 9% 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% <1% 10% 5% <1% 7% 3% 1%
N 471 470 468 470 470 468 469 468
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 14%
Natural Patterns 28%
Not Enough Evidence 10%
Media has Misled 1%
Evidence Disproves 9%
Religious Factors 10%
Political Factors 10%
No Particular Reason 7%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 174
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18-20. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 25% 21% 32%
Somewhat Large 17% 33% 35%
Not Too Large 30% 9% 3%
No Effect 28% 36% 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1% 1% 4%
N 174 152 174
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21-23. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 22% 21% 28%
Somewhat Agree 17% 16% 23%
Somewhat Disagree 16% 20% 19%
Strongly Disagree 40% 37% 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 6% 6%
N 720 720 720
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



In order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases a number of methods have been considered. For each of the methods of reducing greenhouse gas emission that I mention please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose that option.

Q24. First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on all fossil fuels.

  Total
First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on all fossil fuels. Strongly Support 11%
Somewhat Support 21%
Somewhat Oppose 13%
Strongly Oppose 48%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 718
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on gasoline.

  Total
Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on gasoline. Strongly Support 5%
Somewhat Support 17%
Somewhat Oppose 15%
Strongly Oppose 60%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 719
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases through a system where government caps the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by businesses through the provision of pollution credits and provides those businesses with the right to trade or sell those pollution credits.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases through a system where government caps the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by businesses through the provision of pollution credits and provides those businesses with the right to trade or sell those pollution credits. Strongly Support 12%
Somewhat Support 23%
Somewhat Oppose 9%
Strongly Oppose 33%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 22%
N 717
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the use of electricity.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the use of electricity. Strongly Support 4%
Somewhat Support 16%
Somewhat Oppose 19%
Strongly Oppose 57%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 717
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by requiring a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by requiring a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power. Strongly Support 52%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 6%
Strongly Oppose 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 716
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through federal regulations that limit emissions from major industrial sources.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through federal regulations that limit emissions from major industrial sources. Strongly Support 28%
Somewhat Support 31%
Somewhat Oppose 10%
Strongly Oppose 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 717
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Next the Obama Administration's current policy to use the Clean Air Act to enforce greenhouse gas emissions reductions from major industrial sources.

  Total
Next the Obama Administration's current policy to use the Clean Air Act to enforce greenhouse gas emissions reductions from major industrial sources. Strongly Support 27%
Somewhat Support 24%
Somewhat Oppose 9%
Strongly Oppose 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 16%
N 716
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Strongly Support 44%
Somewhat Support 29%
Somewhat Oppose 9%
Strongly Oppose 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 713
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of  30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025, if it raised the price of new cars by about 5%?

  Total
Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025, if it raised the price of new cars by about 5%? Strongly Support 30%
Somewhat Support 33%
Somewhat Oppose 15%
Strongly Oppose 13%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 715
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q33. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 66%
African-American 11%
Hispanic 10%
Latino 2%
Asian 5%
Native American 2%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 1%
N 703
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 43%
Catholic 30%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 17%
Atheist 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 668
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 33%
No 65%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 290
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 4%
High School Graduate 32%
Some College or Technical School 23%
College Graduate 27%
Graduate or Professional Degree 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 708
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 54%
Newspapers 11%
Talk Radio Programs 4%
Radio News Programs 2%
The Internet 26%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 712
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 36%
Republican 27%
Other Party 5%
Independent 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 637
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 18%
Somewhat Conservative 22%
Moderate 30%
Somewhat Liberal 13%
Very Liberal 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 653
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 14%
20,000 - 40,000 23%
40,000 - 60,000 20%
60,000 - 80,000 13%
80,000 - 100,000 10%
Over 100,000 16%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 448
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 50%
Female 50%
N 726
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.