Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2012 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 917 (561 Land Line & 356 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 3.5%
Fielding Dates September 26, 2012 - October 11, 2012
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 13%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Concern over global warming
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Doubt in Global Warming

  12. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  13. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  14. Factors that affected view
  15. Global Warming Evidence and Government Responsibility

  16. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  17. Federal government's responsibility to act
  18. State government's responsibility to act
  19. Local government's responsibility to act
  20. Climate Policy Options

  21. Support or oppose requiring 25% of electricity to come from renewable energy sources by 2025
  22. Even if it increases costs by 10%
  23. Support or oppose requiring average fuel economy of 54.5 mpg by 2025
  24. Even if it raises price of new cars by 10%
  25. Support or oppose increasing taxes on fossil fuels
  26. Even if it increases energy costs by 10%
  27. Preferred use of funds
  28. Federal Gasoline Excise Tax

  29. Current cost of federal gasoline excise tax
  30. Has the tax changed during Obama Administration
  31. How has the tax changed
  32. Preferred use of revenue if federal gasoline excise tax increased
  33. Willingness to pay

  34. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  35. Change in personal financial situation
  36. Demographics

  37. Racial identity
  38. Religious affiliation
  39. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  40. Highest level of education
  41. Primary source for news
  42. Political party affiliation
  43. Political beliefs
  44. Family income
  45. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 18%
30-44 26%
45-64 35%
65 and older 21%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 1%
N 917
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 21%
South 32%
Midwest 22%
West 25%
N 917
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 68%
No 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 917
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming)

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 63%
Fairly Confident 31%
Not Too Confident 4%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 626
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 43%
Natural Patterns 18%
A Combination (Volunteered) 35%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 625
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 61%
Somewhat Serious 31%
Not Too Serious 4%
Not a Problem 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 625
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. How concerned are you about the issue of global warming?

  Total
How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Concerned 52%
Somewhat Concerned 36%
Not Too Concerned 8%
Not Concerned At All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 625
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 13%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 19%
Weather Changes 19%
Scientific Research/Data 12%
Gore Documentary <1%
Media Coverage 8%
Declining Species <1%
Human Activity 12%
Natural Patterns 2%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 1%
Religious Factors 1%
Population Growth 1%
Growing Season / Plants 1%
Not Sure/Other 10%
N 625
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-17. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States Extreme weather events such as major storms and floods
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 60% 42% 22% 26% 15% 34% 39% 39% 33%
Somewhat Large 27% 35% 35% 40% 34% 33% 32% 44% 42%
Not Too Large 6% 14% 18% 20% 18% 17% 11% 8% 13%
No Effect 6% 8% 20% 11% 24% 14% 13% 6% 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 1% 7% 3% 10% 2% 6% 3% 2%
N 618 618 617 613 613 613 612 611 611
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth are NOT increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is NOT increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth are NOT increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is NOT increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 54%
Fairly Confident 38%
Not Too Confident 5%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 194
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 21%
Natural Patterns 25%
Not Enough Evidence 12%
Media has Misled 2%
Evidence Disproves 4%
Religious Factors 12%
Political Factors 10%
No Particular Reason 7%
Not Sure/Other 7%
N 193
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20-22. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 31% 7% 38%
Somewhat Large 28% 8% 23%
Not Too Large 18% 19% 7%
No Effect 21% 62% 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% 3% 2%
N 193 193 193
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q23-27. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree.

  There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming. The federal government should stop its current plan to require large industries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree. Strongly Agree 21% 19% 24% 27% 17%
Somewhat Agree 16% 18% 17% 19% 13%
Somewhat Disagree 16% 15% 24% 19% 15%
Strongly Disagree 42% 41% 30% 31% 46%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 7% 5% 4% 9%
N 911 910 910 913 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28-30. For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming.

  The Federal Government State Governments Local Governments
For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. A Great Deal of Responsibility 51% 44% 38%
Some Responsibility 22% 28% 29%
No Responsibility 21% 22% 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6% 6% 6%
N 916 916 96
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Next I would like to ask you your views on a number of policies that have been proposed to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. For each of the policy options that I mention, please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly oppose that option.

Q31. First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by requiring at least 25 percent of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, or geothermal power by 2025.

  Total
First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by requiring at least 25 percent of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, or geothermal power by 2025. Strongly Support 59%
Somewhat Support 19%
Somewhat Oppose 5%
Strongly Oppose 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 815
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Next a policy requiring at least 25 percent of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, or geothermal power by 2025 if it raised electricity prices by about 10 percent.

  Total
Next a policy requiring at least 25 percent of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, or geothermal power by 2025 if it raised electricity prices by about 10 percent. Strongly Support 35%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 17%
Strongly Oppose 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Now, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025.

  Total
Now, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Strongly Support 59%
Somewhat Support 17%
Somewhat Oppose 6%
Strongly Oppose 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. Next a policy that increases the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025, if it raised the price of new cars by about 10 percent.

  Total
Next a policy that increases the average fuel economy of new vehicles from the current rate of 30.2 miles per gallon to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025, if it raised the price of new cars by about 10 percent. Strongly Support 38%
Somewhat Support 27%
Somewhat Oppose 12%
Strongly Oppose 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas for energy.

  Total
Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas for energy. Strongly Support 29%
Somewhat Support 19%
Somewhat Oppose 13%
Strongly Oppose 33%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas for energy, if it raised the price of energy by about 10 percent.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas for energy, if it raised the price of energy by about 10 percent. Strongly Support 23%
Somewhat Support 17%
Somewhat Oppose 14%
Strongly Oppose 41%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. Now, if the federal government enacted a tax on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which of the following options do you most prefer: [READ LIST] [ROTATE OPTIONS]

  Total
Now, if the federal government enacted a tax on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which of the following options do you most prefer: [READ LIST] ]ROTATE OPTIONS] Use all of the funds created by the tax for renewable energy research 36%
Repeal the tax. 21%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to reduce the federal deficit 16%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to provide tax rebate checks to all citizens 8%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to support highways and bridge repair 6%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to reduce payroll taxes by equal amounts 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 913
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.





Q38. How much does the current federal gasoline excise tax cost per gallon? [READ LIST]

  Total
How much does the current federal gasoline excise tax cost per gallon? [READ LIST] 18 cents 8%
38 cents 8%
58 cents 7%
78 cents 3%
98 cents 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 69%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Has the level of the federal gasoline excise tax changed during the Obama Administration or not?

  Total
Has the level of the federal gasoline excise tax changed during the Obama Administration or not? Yes 26%
No 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 59%
N 914
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Which of the following best describes the changes in the federal gasoline excise tax during the Obama Administration?

  Total
Which of the following best describes the changes in the federal gasoline excise tax during the Obama Administration? (Among those who said that the federal gasoline excise tax changed during the Obama Administration) The tax increased by more than ten cents per gallon 50%
The tax increased by less than ten cents per gallon 9%
The tax decreased by less than ten cents per gallon 2%
Or the tax decreased by more than 10 cents per gallon 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 39%
N 234
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41.If the federal government increased the federal excise tax on gasoline, which of the following options do you prefer?  [READ LIST, ROTATE OPTIONS]

  Total
How much does the current federal gasoline excise tax cost per gallon? [READ LIST] Use all of the funds created by the tax for renewable energy research 34%
Repeal the tax 21%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to reduce the federal deficit 19%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to provide tax rebate checks to all citizens 9%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to support highways and bridge repair 7%
Use all of the funds created by the tax to cover Department of Defense costs to keep open oil shipping lanes in the Middle East 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST] Nothing each year 34%
1 to 50 dollars per year 26%
50 to 100 dollars a year 18%
100 to 250 dollars a year 9%
250 to 500 dollars a year 3%
Over 500 dollars a year 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 910
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. Would you say that your personal financial situation is getting better or getting worse?

  Total
Would you say that your personal financial situation is getting better or getting worse? Getting Better 22%
Getting Worse 47%
Staying the Same (Volunteered) 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 909
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q44. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 62%
African-American 13%
Hispanic/Latino 16%
Asian 3%
Native American 2%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 2%
N 903
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 38%
Catholic 27%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 21%
Atheist 6%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 859
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 33%
No 63%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 316
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 27%
Some College or Technical School 29%
College Graduate 26%
Graduate or Professional Degree 13%
N 896
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 51%
Newspapers 11%
Talk Radio Programs 2%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 27%
Other (Volunteered) 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 906
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 37%
Republican 23%
Other Party 4%
Independent 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 841
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 15%
Somewhat Conservative 21%
Moderate 32%
Somewhat Liberal 18%
Very Liberal 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 848
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 17%
20,000 - 40,000 26%
40,000 - 60,000 17%
60,000 - 80,000 13%
80,000 - 100,000 6%
Over 100,000 16%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 607
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 48%
Female 52%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.




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