Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Spring 2011 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 709 (463 Land Line & 246 Cell Phone)
Margin of Error +/- 4%
Fielding Dates March 18, 2011 – April 5, 2011
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 13%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief of global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Immediate government action on global warming
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  12. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  13. Policy Options to Reduce Emissions

  14. Support or oppose increasing taxes on all fossil fuels
  15. Support or oppose increasing taxes on gasoline
  16. Support or oppose increasing taxes on use of electricity
  17. Preferred use of revenue from increased fossil fuels taxes
  18. Effect of preferred use on support for taxes to reduce emissions
  19. Support or oppose increased use of nuclear power
  20. United States Economy

  21. Condition of the United States Economy today
  22. Is economy getting better or worse
  23. Demographics

  24. Racial identity
  25. Religious affiliation
  26. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  27. Highest level of education
  28. Primary source for news
  29. Political party affiliation
  30. Political beliefs
  31. Family income
  32. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. What is your current age? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
Thank you. What is your current age? [Coded open-end response] 18-29 12%
30-44 16%
45-64 46%
65 and older 24%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 2%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 19%
South 33%
Midwest 23%
West 25%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 56%
No 32%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming)

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 48%
Fairly Confident 44%
Not Too Confident 5%
Not Confident At All 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 40%
Natural Patterns 19%
A Combination (Volunteered) 37%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 49%
Somewhat Serious 37%
Not Too Serious 8%
Not a Problem 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action?

  Total
Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Yes, it requires immediate government action 67%
No, it does not require immediate government action 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 13%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 18%
Weather Changes 22%
Scientific Research/Data 7%
Gore Documentary 0%
Media Coverage 12%
Declining Species 1%
Human Activity 7%
Natural Patterns 4%
Ocean / Sea-level Rise 2%
Religious Factors <1%
Population Growth <1%
Growing Season / Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 11%
N 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-16. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Al Gore's documentary "An Inconvenient Truth" Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 58% 40% 27% 35% 14% 18% 38% 32%
Somewhat Large 31% 32% 33% 35% 16% 27% 35% 29%
Not Too Large 5% 16% 14% 15% 12% 20% 9% 17%
No Effect 5% 12% 24% 12% 47% 34% 13% 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 1% 2% 4% 11% 1% 5% 1%
N 400 400 399 399 399 400 400 400
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 35%
Natural Patterns 28%
Not Enough Evidence 9%
Media has Misled 3%
Evidence Disproves 5%
Religious Factors 7%
Political Factors 2%
No Particular Reason 3%
Not Sure/Other 10%
N 224
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18-22. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree.

  There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. The Earth's atmosphere is too large for man’s activity to change the climate. Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. Strongly Agree 24% 20% 13% 26% 24%
Somewhat Agree 22% 24% 18% 23% 29%
Somewhat Disagree 19% 22% 26% 24% 21%
Strongly Disagree 31% 27% 34% 24% 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 6% 9% 4% 4%
N 709 709 709 709 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



In order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases a number of methods have been considered. For each of the methods of reducing greenhouse gas emission that I mention please indicate if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose that option.

Q23. First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on all fossil fuels.

  Total
First, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on all fossil fuels. Strongly Support 9%
Somewhat Support 18%
Somewhat Oppose 17%
Strongly Oppose 52%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on gasoline.

  Total
Next, a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on gasoline. Strongly Support 8%
Somewhat Support 14%
Somewhat Oppose 16%
Strongly Oppose 61%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the use of electricity.

  Total
Next a policy to reduce greenhouse gases by increasing taxes on the use of electricity. Strongly Support 6%
Somewhat Support 15%
Somewhat Oppose 16%
Strongly Oppose 60%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. If the government collected increased money from the taxation of fossil fuels where do you prefer the money generated from these taxes be spent? Do you prefer that it be: (READ LIST) (ROTATE OPTIONS 1 to 5)

  Total
If the government collected increased money from the taxation of fossil fuels where do you prefer the money generated from these taxes be spent? Do you prefer that it be: (READ LIST) (ROTATE OPTIONS 1 to 5) Used to fund renewable energy research 43%
Used to reduce the federal deficit 11%
Returned to citizens through payroll tax deductions 6%
Returned to citizens through tax rebates 4%
Sustain existing government programs 2%
Government shouldn't increase taxes (Volunteered) 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. If the government used the revenue generated from fossil fuel taxes for the purpose that you selected in the last question would it make it more likely, less likely or have no effect on your support for using taxes as a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions? (Among those who had a preferred use of revenue from fossil fuel taxes)

  Total
If the government used the revenue generated from fossil fuel taxes for the purpose that you selected in the last question would it make it more likely, less likely or have no effect on your support for using taxes as a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions? (Among those who had a preferred use of revenue from fossil fuel taxes) More Likely 30%
Less Likely 12%
No effect 43%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 463
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q28. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Support 18%
Somewhat Support 20%
Somewhat Oppose 15%
Strongly Oppose 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 708
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. How would you rate the condition of the United States Economy today?  Would you say the economy is in excellent, good, fair or poor condition?

  Total
How would you rate the condition of the United States Economy today? Would you say the economy is in excellent, good, fair or poor condition? Excellent <1%
Good 7%
Fair 34%
Poor 58%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. Right now, do you think the nation’s economy is getting better, getting worse or staying about the same?

  Total
Right now, do you think the nation’s economy is getting better, getting worse or staying about the same? Getting Better 24%
Getting Worse 34%
Staying About the Same 40%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 709
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q31. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 73%
African-American 11%
Hispanic 8%
Latino 2%
Asian 2%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 2%
Other 1%
N 696
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 47%
Catholic 28%
Jewish 2%
Muslim <1%
Hindu <1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 18%
Atheist 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 674
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 44%
No 53%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 315
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 6%
High School Graduate 37%
Some College or Technical School 29%
College Graduate 18%
Graduate or Professional Degree 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 702
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 60%
Newspapers 13%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 20%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 706
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 37%
Republican 28%
Other Party 5%
Independent 28%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 669
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 19%
Somewhat Conservative 26%
Moderate 32%
Somewhat Liberal 13%
Very Liberal 8%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 683
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 14%
20,000 - 40,000 22%
40,000 - 60,000 29%
60,000 - 80,000 12%
80,000 - 100,000 8%
Over 100,000 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 582
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 49%
Female 51%
N 508
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.