Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2010 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 916
Margin of Error +/- 3.2%
Fielding Dates November 15, 2010 - December 9, 2010
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief in global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Concern about global warming
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Confidence in belief of no global warming
  12. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  13. Factors that affected view
  14. There is not enough evidence
  15. Scientists are overstating evidence
  16. Warming is a result of natural activities
  17. Media is overstating evidence
  18. Should focus on adapting to warmer climate
  19. Policy Response

  20. Federal government's responsibility to act
  21. State governments' responsibility to act
  22. Local government's responsibility to act
  23. Agree or disagree with the following statements
  24. Federal vs. State Government Policy Adoption

  25. Allow cap-and-trade
  26. Increase taxes on fossil fuels
  27. Increase use of nuclear power
  28. Increase gasoline taxes
  29. Require renewable energy for electricity
  30. Require renewable energy for transportation fuels
  31. Require increased fuel efficiency for vehicles
  32. Willingness to pay

  33. Support for cap-and-trade
  34. At which level of government
  35. If it increases costs by $15
  36. If it increases costs by $50
  37. Support for carbon tax
  38. If it increases costs by $15
  39. If it increases costs by $50
  40. Preferred use of revenue
  41. Level of government to collect and use revenue
  42. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  43. Demographics

  44. Racial identity
  45. Religious affiliation
  46. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  47. Highest level of education
  48. Primary source for news
  49. Political party affiliation
  50. Member of the Tea Party?
  51. Political beliefs
  52. Family income
  53. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 7%
30-44 17%
45-64 45%
65 and older 31%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over <1%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 18%
South 35%
Midwest 26%
West 21%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming.  From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming.  From what you've read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 58%
No 26%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 16%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?(Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 55%
Fairly Confident 37%
Not Too Confident 6%
Not Confident At All 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth's environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth's environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 37%
Natural Patterns 18%
A Combination (Volunteered) 41%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 61%
Somewhat Serious 30%
Not Too Serious 5%
Not A Problem 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. How concerned are you about the issue of global warming?

  Total
How concerned are you about the issue of global warming?(Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Concerned 47%
Somewhat Concerned 41%
Not Too Concerned 8%
Not Concerned At All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 16%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 22%
Weather Changes 17%
Scientific Research/Data 10%
Al Gore's Documentary 1%
Media Coverage 14%
Declining Species 1%
Human Activity 7%
Natural Patterns 2%
Ocean/Sea-Level rise <1%
Religious Factors 1%
Population Growth <1%
Not Sure/Other 10%
N 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-16. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.” (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 63% 48% 22% 40% 15% 32% 44% 41%
Somewhat Large 24% 32% 37% 37% 34% 28% 32% 35%
Not Too Large 6% 12% 17% 13% 20% 17% 9% 13%
No Effect 5% 7% 15% 9% 20% 22% 9% 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2% <1% 9% 3% 12% 1% 7% 2%
N 530 530 530 527 529 530 530 530
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident, or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperatures on earth are not increasing? Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 34%
Fairly Confident 55%
Not Too Confident 8%
Not Confident At All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 241
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q18. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 29%
Natural Patterns 32%
Not Enough Evidence 7%
Media has Misled 1%
Evidence Disproves 5%
Religious Factors 6%
Political Factors 3%
No Particular Reason 5%
Not Sure/Other 12%
N 242
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19-21. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. [ROTATED LIST]

  Your personal observations of weather in your area Scientific evidence that disproves the existence of global warming Reports that climate scientists have distorted data to demonstrate that global warming is occurring
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that global warming is not occurring. (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 40% 17% 27%
Somewhat Large 28% 31% 28%
Not Too Large 13% 20% 15%
No Effect 18% 32% 28%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1% 1% 1%
N 239 239 242
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. First,

Q22. There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer.

  Total
There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Strongly Agree 19%
Somewhat Agree 28%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 32%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q23. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests.

  Total
Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. Strongly Agree 18%
Somewhat Agree 29%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q24. Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man.

  Total
Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man. Strongly Agree 26%
Somewhat Agree 23%
Somewhat Disagree 22%
Strongly Disagree 23%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q25. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming.

  Total
The media is overstating the evidence about global warming. Strongly Agree 27%
Somewhat Agree 30%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 23%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26. Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate.

  Total
Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate. Strongly Agree 9%
Somewhat Agree 20%
Somewhat Disagree 28%
Strongly Disagree 35%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 911
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27-29. For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming.

  The Federal Government State Governments Local Governments
For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. A Great Deal of Responsibility 43% 35% 29%
Some Responsibility 30% 37% 37%
No Responsibility 22% 23% 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 5% 5%
N 914 914 914
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30-36. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  The federal government should allow state governments to adopt stricter standards for the emission of greenhouse gases than any federal standards. My state should not adopt anti-global warming policies unless its neighboring states also adopt similar policies. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state's responsibility to address the problem. State governments will boost their economies by requiring greater use of renewable energy. My state has already felt negative effects from global warming. My state's economy will be damaged if it requires greater use of renewable energy while neighboring states don't have such requirements. My state should require increased use of renewable energy.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 31% 13% 27% 33% 16% 13% 42%
Somewhat Agree 33% 22% 37% 38% 28% 24% 35%
Somewhat Disagree 13% 27% 13% 12% 18% 31% 11%
Strongly Disagree 17% 32% 21% 9% 20% 22% 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6% 7% 3% 8% 18% 11% 3%
N 914 914 915 916 915 913 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Next I’m going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government. First…

Q37. Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions.

  Total
Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions. Federal 15%
State 9%
Both 41%
Neither 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emission. Federal 12%
State 7%
Both 34%
Neither 42%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 18%
State 5%
Both 37%
Neither 35%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 8%
State 9%
Both 26%
Neither 54%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41. Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 8%
State 11%
Both 58%
Neither 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 11%
State 9%
Both 52%
Neither 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehicle.

  Total
Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. Federal 25%
State 5%
Both 48%
Neither 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. There is a proposed system called cap and trade where the government would issue permits limiting the amount of greenhouse gases companies can put out. Companies that did not use all their permits could sell them to other companies. The idea is that many companies would find ways to put out less greenhouse gases because that would be cheaper than buying permits. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
There is a proposed system called cap and trade where the government would issue permits limiting the amount of greenhouse gases companies can put out. Companies that did not use all their permits could sell them to other companies. The idea is that many companies would find ways to put out less greenhouse gases because that would be cheaper than buying permits. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 14%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 13%
Strongly Oppose 35%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. If a cap and trade system was to be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, would you prefer that it be done at the national level, within a region of the country or only within an individual state?

  Total
If a cap and trade system was to be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, would you prefer that it be done at the national level, within a region of the country or only within an individual state? (Among those who support a cap and trade system) National 77%
Regional 10%
State Only 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 2%
N 357
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly electrical bill by 15 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?  

  Total
What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly electrical bill by 15 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?   Strongly Support 12%
Somewhat Support 24%
Somewhat Oppose 18%
Strongly Oppose 41%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? 

  Total
What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?   Strongly Support 5%
Somewhat Support 13%
Somewhat Oppose 22%
Strongly Oppose 52%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas.  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? 

  Total
Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas.  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?  Strongly Support 10%
Somewhat Support 22%
Somewhat Oppose 18%
Strongly Oppose 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?   Strongly Support 10%
Somewhat Support 22%
Somewhat Oppose 21%
Strongly Oppose 42%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month in added expenses?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month in added expenses?  Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?  Strongly Support 5%
Somewhat Support 10%
Somewhat Oppose 22%
Strongly Oppose 58%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 915
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. If the government enacted a policy that required businesses to pay for the release greenhouse gases, where do you prefer the money generated from the purchase of the permits be spent?  Do you prefer that it be…[READ LIST]

  Total
If the government enacted a policy that required businesses to pay for the release greenhouse gases, where do you prefer the money generated from the purchase of the permits be spent?  Do you prefer that it be…[READ LIST] Used to fund alternative energy research 43%
Used to reduce the federal deficit 9%
Returned to citizens through payroll tax deductions 8%
Returned to citizens through tax rebate 15%
or to Sustain existing government program 4%
Government shouldn't require businesses to buy permits (Volunteered) 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 912
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q52. And which level of government should collect and use the revenue?

  Total
And which level of government should collect and use the revenue? Federal Government 36%
State Government 40%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 24%
N 890
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q53. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay… [READ LIST] Nothing each year 41%
1 to 50 dollars per year 26%
50 to 100 dollars a year 17%
100 to 250 dollars a year 7%
250 to 500 dollars a year 4%
Over 500 dollars a year 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 910
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q54. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 70%
African-American 12%
Hispanic 10%
Latino 2%
Asian 2%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 1%
Other 2%
N 900
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q55. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 42%
Catholic 32%
Jewish 1%
Muslim <1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 21%
Atheist 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 877
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q56. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 34%
No 61%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 362
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q57. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 9%
High School Graduate 34%
Some College or Technical School 25%
College Graduate 21%
Graduate or Professional Degree 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 911
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q58. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 61%
Newspapers 18%
Talk Radio Programs 2%
Radio News Programs 2%
The Internet 16%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 914
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q59. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 44%
Republican 25%
Other Party 6%
Independent 24%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 855
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q60. Do you consider yourself to be a member of the Tea Party?

  Total
Do you consider yourself to be a member of the Tea Party? Yes 12%
No 84%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 891
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q61. Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political beliefs? [READ LIST] Very Conservative 18%
Somewhat Conservative 28%
Moderate 30%
Somewhat Liberal 13%
Very Liberal 5%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 886
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q62. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 20%
20,000 - 40,000 27%
40,000 - 60,000 18%
60,000 - 80,000 13%
80,000 - 100,000 7%
Over 100,000 14%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 743
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 48%
Female 52%
N 916
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.