Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2009 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 988
Margin of Error +/-3 %
Fielding Dates September 21, 2009 - November 24, 2009
AAPOR RR3 Response Rate 31%
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief in global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Concern about global warming
  9. Concern about intensity of storms
  10. Concern about severe droughts
  11. Concern about spread of disease
  12. Concern about loss of species
  13. Concern about sea levels and flooding
  14. There is not enough evidence
  15. Scientists are overstating evidence
  16. Warming is a result of natural activities
  17. Media is overstating evidence
  18. Should focus on adapting to warmer climate
  19. Policy Response

  20. Federal government responsibility to act
  21. State governments' responsibility to act
  22. Local governments' responsibility to act
  23. Agree or disagree with the following statements:
  24. Effect of religious beliefs on role of government in dealing with global warming
  25. State should require auto makers to increase fuel efficiency
  26. State should increase taxes on all fossil fuels
  27. State should support increased use of nuclear power
  28. State should allow cap-and-trade
  29. State should require renewable energy
  30. State should increase taxes on gasoline
  31. State vs. Federal Government Policy Adoption

  32. Allow cap-and-trade
  33. Increase taxes on fossil fuels
  34. Increase use of nuclear power
  35. Increase gasoline taxes
  36. Require renewable energy for electricity
  37. Require renewable energy for transportation fuels
  38. Require increased fuel efficiency for vehicles
  39. Willingness to pay

  40. Support for cap-and-trade
  41. If it increases costs by $15
  42. If it increases costs by $50
  43. Support for carbon taxes
  44. If it increases costs by $15
  45. If it increases costs by $50
  46. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  47. Demographics

  48. Racial identity
  49. Religious affiliation
  50. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  51. Highest level of education
  52. Primary source for news
  53. Political party affiliation
  54. Family income
  55. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. What is your current age? [CODED INTO CATEGORIES]

  Total
Thank you. In which category does your current age fall? [READ LIST] 18-29 16%
30-44 27%
45-64 38%
65 and older 19%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 1%
N 987
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q1A. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 24%
South 39%
Midwest 22%
West 15%
N 987
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming.  From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on  the issue of global warming.  From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 66%
No 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 15%
N 985
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 40%
Fairly Confident 50%
Not too confident 8%
Not confident at all 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total

Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming)

Human Activity 37%
Natural patterns 12%
A Combination (Volunteered) 48%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 52%
Somewhat Serious 39%
Not too Serious 9%
Not a Problem 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. How concerned are you about the issue of global warming?

  Total
How concerned are you about the issue of global warming? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Concerned 47%
Somewhat Concerned 41%
Not too Concerned 11%
Not Concerned at all 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



For each of the potential effects of global climate change please indicate of you are very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned or not at all concerned with the effect.

Q7. Increasing intensity of storms

  Total
Increasing intensity of storms Very Concerned 46%
Somewhat Concerned 41%
Not too Concerned 8%
Not Concerned at All 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 649
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. Longer and more severe droughts

  Total
Longer and more severe droughts Very Concerned 54%
Somewhat Concerned 34%
Not too Concerned 9%
Not Concerned at All 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9. Increasing spread of disease

  Total
Increasing spread of disease Very Concerned 54%
Somewhat Concerned 31%
Not too Concerned 12%
Not Concerned at All 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q10. Loss of animal and plants species

  Total
Loss of animal and plants species Very Concerned 60%
Somewhat Concerned 28%
Not too Concerned 8%
Not Concerned at All 3%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q11. Higher sea levels and flooding of coastal areas

  Total
Higher sea levels and flooding of coastal areas Very Concerned 52%
Somewhat Concerned 37%
Not too Concerned 8%
Not Concerned at All 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) <1%
N 650
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. First,

Q12. There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer.

  Total
There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Strongly Agree 19%
Somewhat Agree 23%
Somewhat Disagree 23%
Strongly Disagree 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 983
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q13. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests.

  Total
Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. Strongly Agree 18%
Somewhat Agree 24%
Somewhat Disagree 21%
Strongly Disagree 29%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 981
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q14. Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man.

  Total
Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man. Strongly Agree 16%
Somewhat Agree 27%
Somewhat Disagree 24%
Strongly Disagree 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 980
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q15. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming.

  Total
The media is overstating the evidence about global warming. Strongly Agree 26%
Somewhat Agree 22%
Somewhat Disagree 20%
Strongly Disagree 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 980
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q16. Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate.

  Total
Instead of trying to stop global warming from occurring we should focus on adapting to a warmer climate. Strongly Agree 10%
Somewhat Agree 20%
Somewhat Disagree 24%
Strongly Disagree 36%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 977
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17-19. For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming.

  The Federal Government State Governments Local Governments
For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. A Great Deal of Responsibility 55% 37% 35%
Some Responsibility 31% 48% 45%
No Responsibility 10% 11% 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4% 4% 6%
N 980 980 980
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20-26. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  The federal government should allow state governments to adopt stricter standards for the emission of greenhouse gases than any federal standards. My state should not adopt anti-global warming policies unless its neighboring states also adopt similar policies. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state’s responsibility to address the problem State governments will boost their economies by requiring greater use of renewable energy. My state has already felt negative effects from global warming. My state’s economy will be damaged if it requires greater use of renewable energy while neighboring states don’t have such requirements. My religious beliefs affect my views on how government should deal with the issue of global warming.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 35% 11% 27% 28% 17% 16% 7%
Somewhat Agree 40% 22% 39% 42% 30% 25% 13%
Somewhat Disagree 11% 25% 16% 12% 18% 24% 14%
Strongly Disagree 8% 34% 11% 8% 14% 16% 57%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6% 8% 7% 10% 20% 19% 9%
N 973 973 969 970 969 969 970
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q27. Which of the following best describes the effect of your religious beliefs on the role of government in dealing with the issue of global warming:

  Total

Which of the following best describes the effect of your religious beliefs on the role of government in dealing with the issue of global warming? (Among those who said their religious beliefs effect their views on how government should deal with the issue of global warming)

My religious beliefs lead me to support government action to address global warming 34%
My religious beliefs lead me to oppose government action to address global warming 15%
Beliefs do not lead to support or opposition (Volunteered) 44%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 191
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Q28. State governments should require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles even if it increases the cost of the vehicle.

  Total
State governments should require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. Strongly Support 36%
Somewhat Support 39%
Somewhat Oppose 11%
Strongly Oppose 10%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 967
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q29. State governments should increase taxes on ALL fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
State governments should increase taxes on ALL fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Support 12%
Somewhat Support 26%
Somewhat Oppose 24%
Strongly Oppose 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 967
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q30. State governments should support increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
State governments should support increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Support 26%
Somewhat Support 35%
Somewhat Oppose 16%
Strongly Oppose 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 13%
N 965
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q31. State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions.

  Total
State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions. Strongly Support 15%
Somewhat Support 35%
Somewhat Oppose 15%
Strongly Oppose 15%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 20%
N 963
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power.

  Total
State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. Strongly Support 41%
Somewhat Support 36%
Somewhat Oppose 8%
Strongly Oppose 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 963
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Strongly Support 11%
Somewhat Support 19%
Somewhat Oppose 23%
Strongly Oppose 40%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 963
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.

Next I’m going to provide you with a list of policies that can be used to limit the emission of greenhouse gases. For each option that I mention please tell if the policy should be adopted ONLY by the federal government, ONLY by your state government, by BOTH the federal and state governments or should NOT be adopted by any government.

Q34. Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions.

  Total
Allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions. Federal 11%
State 7%
Both 42%
Neither 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 19%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q35. Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emission.

  Total
Increasing taxes on all fossil fuels to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emission. Federal 11%
State 5%
Both 31%
Neither 42%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q36. Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 12%
State 7%
Both 52%
Neither 17%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q37. Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Increasing taxes on gasoline to reduce consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 8%
State 8%
Both 25%
Neither 49%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q38. Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 9%
State 9%
Both 57%
Neither 16%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q39. Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

  Total
Require a set portion of all transportation fuels to come from renewable energy sources such as ethanol and other biofuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Federal 10%
State 8%
Both 53%
Neither 16%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q40. Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehicle.

  Total
Require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles to reduce greenhouse gas emissions even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. Federal 23%
State 5%
Both 45%
Neither 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 9%
N 956
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q41. There is a proposed system called cap and trade where the government would issue permits limiting the amount of greenhouse gases companies can put out. Companies that did not use all their permits could sell them to other companies. The idea is that many companies would find ways to put out less greenhouse gases because that would be cheaper than buying permits. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
There is a proposed system called cap and trade where the government would issue permits limiting the amount of greenhouse gases companies can put out. Companies that did not use all their permits could sell them to other companies. The idea is that many companies would find ways to put out less greenhouse gases because that would be cheaper than buying permits. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 18%
Somewhat Support 36%
Somewhat Oppose 14%
Strongly Oppose 20%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 12%
N 938
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q42. What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly electrical bill by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but raised your monthly electrical bill by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 14%
Somewhat Support 28%
Somewhat Oppose 22%
Strongly Oppose 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q43. What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the cap and trade program significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 8%
Somewhat Support 15%
Somewhat Oppose 17%
Strongly Oppose 54%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q44. Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
Another way to lower greenhouse gas emissions would be to increase taxes on carbon based fuels such as coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas. Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 11%
Somewhat Support 25%
Somewhat Oppose 19%
Strongly Oppose 36%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q45. What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 15 dollars a month? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 14%
Somewhat Support 29%
Somewhat Oppose 20%
Strongly Oppose 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month in added expenses? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system?

  Total
What if the carbon fuels taxes significantly lowered greenhouse gases but increased your energy costs by 50 dollars a month in added expenses? Would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose this type of system? Strongly Support 6%
Somewhat Support 13%
Somewhat Oppose 19%
Strongly Oppose 57%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q47. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay: [READ LIST]

  Total
If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay: [READ LIST] Nothing each year 35%
1 to 50 dollars per year 31%
50 to 100 dollars a year 13%
100 to 250 dollars a year 10%
250 to 500 dollars a year 3%
or over 500 dollars a year 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 936
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q48. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 71%
African-American 11%
Hispanic 11%
Latino 2%
Asian 3%
Native American <1%
Mixed Race 1%
Other 1%
N 933
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 32%
Catholic 30%
Jewish 4%
Muslim 1%
Hindu 1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 24%
Atheist 8%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 889
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 47%
No 53%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 270
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 1%
High School Graduate 31%
Some College or Technical School 30%
College Graduate 28%
Graduate or Professional Degree 11%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 919
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q52. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 51%
Newspapers 8%
Talk Radio Programs 3%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 33%
Other (Volunteered) 1%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 922
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q53. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 38%
Republican 27%
Other Party 0%
Independent 34%
Not Registered 1%
N 898
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q54. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 12%
20,000 - 40,000 24%
40,000 - 60,000 23%
60,000 - 80,000 18%
80,000 - 100,000 11%
Over 100,000 12%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 888
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 48%
Female 51%
Not Sure 1%
N 987
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.