Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The National Surveys on Energy and Environment (NSEE)
Fall 2008 Data Tables

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Survey Methodology
N 603 (Land line only)
Margin of Error +/-4 %
Fielding Dates September 8 - September 24, 2008
Data tables below are weighted by Gender, Age, Race, Income, and Education


Table of Contents

    Introduction

  1. Respondent's age
  2. Respondent's place of residence
  3. Global Warming

  4. Belief in global warming
  5. Confidence in belief in global warming
  6. Cause of global warming
  7. Seriousness of global warming
  8. Immediate government action required
  9. Factor that caused belief in global warming
  10. Factors that affected view
  11. Factor that caused belief of no global warming
  12. There is not enough evidence
  13. Scientists are overstating evidence
  14. Earth's atmosphere is too large
  15. Warming is a result of natural trends
  16. Media is overstating evidence
  17. Policy Response

  18. Federal government responsibility to act
  19. State governments' responsibility to act
  20. Local governments' responsibility to act
  21. Agree or disagree with the following statements:
  22. Effect of religious beliefs on role of government in dealing with global warming
  23. State Policies

  24. Knowledge of state renewable energy requirements
  25. Support for state actions
  26. Willingness to pay for more renewable energy
  27. Demographics

  28. Racial identity
  29. Religious affiliation
  30. Are you an evangelical Christian?
  31. Highest level of education
  32. Primary source for news
  33. Political party affiliation
  34. Family income
  35. Gender



Hello. My name is _________ and I'm a student at Muhlenberg College. We are conducting a research project regarding environmental issues in the United States. Would you be able to help us by answering a few questions?

Q1. Thank you. What is your current age? [CODED INTO CATEGORIES]

  Total
Thank you. What is your current age? [CODED INTO CATEGORIES] 18-29 13%
30-44 25%
45-64 42%
65 and older 18%
Refused, but stated they are 18 or over 3%
N 603
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q2. What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS]

  Total
What state do you currently reside in? [CODED INTO REGIONS] Northeast 19%
South 34%
Midwest 26%
West 21%
N 603
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q3. Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming.  From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades?

  Total
Next, I would like to ask you a few questions on the issue of global warming. From what you’ve read and heard. Is there solid evidence that the average temperature on earth has been getting warmer over the past four decades? Yes 72%
No 17%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 11%
N 603
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q4. How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing?

  Total
How confident are you that the average temperature on earth is increasing?  Are you very confident, fairly confident, not too confident or not confident at all that the average temperature on earth is increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Confident 56%
Fairly Confident 38%
Not Too Confident 5%
Not Confident At All 0%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q5. Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment?

  Total
Is the earth getting warmer because of human activity such as burning fossil fuels, or mostly because of natural patterns in the earth’s environment? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Human Activity 34%
Natural Patterns 19%
A Combination (Volunteered) 42%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q6. In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

  Total
In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Very Serious 61%
Somewhat Serious 32%
Not too Serious 5%
Not a Problem 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q7. Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action?

  Total
Do you or do you not think global warming requires immediate government action? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) Yes, it requires immediate government action 70%
Not, it does not require immediate government action 19%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q8. What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that has caused you to believe that temperatures on earth are increasing? (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Declining Glaciers and Polar Ice 18%
Warmer Temperatures Observed 23%
Weather Changes 19%
Scientific Research/Data 8%
Al Gore's Documentary 2%
Media Coverage 14%
Declining Species 1%
Human Activity 4%
Natural Patterns 1%
Population Growth <1%
Growing Seasons/Plants <1%
Not Sure/Other 12%
N 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q9-16. Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. [ROTATED LIST]

  Declining glaciers and polar ice throughout the globe Warmer temperatures in your area during recent years Computer models that indicate the earth is getting warmer The strength of hurricanes hitting the United States Al Gore's documentary "An Inconvenient Truth" Milder winters in your area Declining numbers of polar bears and penguins Severe droughts in areas across the United States
Next I would like to read you a list of factors that may or may not have had an effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer.  For each factor that I mention please indicate if it has had a very large, somewhat large, not too large, or no effect on your view that the earth is getting warmer. (Among those who said there is solid evidence of global warming) [ROTATED LIST] Very Large 62% 44% 30% 49% 22% 36% 41% 49%
Somewhat Large 25% 27% 34% 30% 20% 31% 25% 31%
Not Too Large 5% 16% 14% 8% 7% 13% 10% 7%
No Effect 3% 10% 11% 9% 21% 18% 13% 9%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 2% 12% 5% 30% 2% 11% 4%
N 434 434 434 434 423 434 434 434
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q17. What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? [Coded open-end response]

  Total
What is the primary factor that makes you believe that temperatures on earth are not increasing? (Among those who said there is not solid evidence of global warming) [Coded open-end response] Personal Observations 39%
Natural Patterns 21%
Not Enough Evidence 9%
Media has Misled 1%
Evidence Disproves 6%
Religious Factors 0%
Political Factors 2%
No Particular Reason 8%
Not Sure/Other 14%
N 100
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements. For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. First,

Q18. There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer.

  Total
There is not enough scientific evidence to support claims that the earth is getting warmer. Strongly Agree 23%
Somewhat Agree 17%
Somewhat Disagree 18%
Strongly Disagree 38%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q19. Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests.

  Total
Scientists are overstating evidence about global warming for their own interests. Strongly Agree 21%
Somewhat Agree 18%
Somewhat Disagree 21%
Strongly Disagree 37%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 4%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q20. The Earth's atmosphere is too large for man's activity to change the climate.

  Total
The Earth's atmosphere is too large for man’s activity to change the climate. Strongly Agree 11%
Somewhat Agree 13%
Somewhat Disagree 22%
Strongly Disagree 47%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 7%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q21. Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man.

  Total
Any recent warming on earth is the result of natural trends and not the activities of man. Strongly Agree 21%
Somewhat Agree 18%
Somewhat Disagree 23%
Strongly Disagree 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 8%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q22. The media is overstating the evidence about global warming.

  Total
The media is overstating the evidence about global warming. Strongly Agree 24%
Somewhat Agree 24%
Somewhat Disagree 16%
Strongly Disagree 31%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5%
N 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q23-25. For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming.

  The Federal Government State Governments Local Governments
For each level of government that I mention please tell me if it has a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming. A Great Deal of Responsibility 47% 32% 26%
Some Responsibility 32% 46% 47%
No Responsibility 16% 17% 22%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 4% 5%
N 601 601 601
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q26-31. Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST]

  My state should not adopt anti-global warming policies unless its neighboring states also adopt similar policies. If the federal government fails to address the issue of global warming it is my state’s responsibility to address the problem. State governments will boost their economies by requiring greater use of renewable energy. My state has already felt negative effects from global warming. My state’s economy will be damaged if it requires greater use of renewable energy while neighboring states don’t have such requirements. My religious beliefs affect my views on how government should deal with the issue of global warming.
Please identify your level of agreement with the following statements.  For each statement please indicate if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Agree 20% 41% 46% 28% 14% 9%
Somewhat Agree 15% 28% 31% 30% 24% 8%
Somewhat Disagree 22% 9% 6% 12% 20% 8%
Strongly Disagree 38% 17% 9% 17% 29% 69%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 5% 8% 14% 13% 6%
N 597 601 602 600 602 600
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q32. Which of the following best describes the effect of your religious beliefs on the role of government in dealing with the issue of global warming:

  Total
Which of the following best describes the effect of your religious beliefs on the role of government in dealing with the issue of global warming? (Among those who said their religious beliefs effect their views on how government should deal with the issue of global warming)
My religious beliefs lead me to support government action to address global warming 29%
My religious beliefs lead me to oppose government action to address global warming 22%
Beliefs do not lead to support or opposition (Volunteered) 34%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 15%
N 98
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q33. Some states have required that a portion of the electricity produced in that state should be from renewable sources such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power.  Does your state have a requirement for the production of renewable energy?

  Total
Some states have required that a portion of the electricity produced in that state should be from renewable sources such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power.  Does your state have a requirement for the production of renewable energy? Yes 17%
No 30%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 54%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q34-45. There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases.  For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST]

  There should be increased state government support for clean coal technology. State governments should require auto makers to increase the fuel efficiency of their vehicles even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. State governments should give individuals who purchase hybrid fuel vehicles a tax reduction. State governments should increase taxes on ALL fossil fuels in order to reduce consumption. State governments should support increased use of nuclear power to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. State governments should allow businesses to buy and sell permits to release greenhouse gases if it results in an overall decrease in emissions.
There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases.  For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Support 51% 52% 46% 17% 33% 26%
Somewhat Support 29% 24% 27% 19% 24% 30%
Somewhat Oppose 4% 8% 9% 18% 12% 8%
Strongly Oppose 7% 12% 14% 40% 17% 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10% 5% 5% 6% 14% 18%
N 601 602 602 602 602 601

  State governments should require a set portion of all electricity to come from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar or hydroelectric power. State governments should restrict development in suburban areas in order to cut down on the use of energy for transportation. State governments should require an increase in energy efficiency for residential and commercial buildings and appliances. State governments should increase taxes on gasoline in order to reduce consumption. State governments should require vehicles sold in their state to emit less greenhouse gases even if it increases the cost of the vehicle. State governments should increase support for the development of ethanol.
There have been a number of ideas proposed for how state governments can reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases.  For each idea that I mention please tell me if you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose the proposed ways states can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. [ROTATED LIST] Strongly Support 61% 25% 50% 10% 35% 34%
Somewhat Support 23% 24% 29% 13% 29% 26%
Somewhat Oppose 5% 17% 6% 12% 11% 12%
Strongly Oppose 7% 24% 11% 62% 18% 18%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 5% 10% 5% 4% 7% 11%
N 601 602 602 602 602 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q46. If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay? Would you be willing to pay: [READ LIST]

  Total

If it required you to pay extra money each year in order for more renewable energy to be produced, how much would you be willing to pay?  Would you be willing to pay: [READ LIST]

Nothing each year 24%
1 to 50 dollars per year 16%
50 to 100 dollars a year 16%
100 to 250 dollars a year 13%
250 to 500 dollars a year 10%
Over 500 dollars a year 7%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 15%
N 596
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Finally a few questions about yourself.

Q47. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Finally a few questions about yourself. Which of the following categories best describes your racial identity? Are you [READ LIST] White/Caucasian 71%
African-American 12%
Hispanic 7%
Latino 3%
Asian 2%
Native American 1%
Mixed Race 3%
Other 2%
N 587
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q48. Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your religious affiliation? Are you [READ LIST] Protestant 35%
Catholic 30%
Jewish 2%
Muslim 1%
Hindu <1%
Other Religion (Including Agnostic) 26%
Atheist 4%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 566
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q49. Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian?

  Total
Would you describe yourself as an evangelical Christian? (Among those who identified as Protestant) Yes 45%
No 45%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 10%
N 198
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q50. What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST]

  Total
What is your highest level of education? [READ LIST] Less Than High School Graduate 5%
High School Graduate 30%
Some College or Technical School 27%
College Graduate 23%
Graduate or Professional Degree 16%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 0%
N 597
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q51. Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following is your primary source for national and world news? [READ LIST] Television 58%
Newspapers 16%
Talk Radio Programs 4%
Radio News Programs 3%
The Internet 16%
Other (Volunteered) 2%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 1%
N 596
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q52. Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following best describes your political party affiliation? [READ LIST] Democrat 35%
Republican 27%
Other Party 5%
Independent 27%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 6%
N 560
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Q53. Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST]

  Total
Which of the following categories best describes your family income? Is it [READ LIST] Less than 20,000 13%
20,000 - 40,000 22%
40,000 - 60,000 20%
60,000 - 80,000 12%
80,000 - 100,000 10%
Over 100,000 21%
Not Sure (Volunteered) 3%
N 485
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Respondent Gender

  Total
Respondent Gender Male 48%
Female 52%
N 602
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.



Thank you for your help with the survey. We appreciate your time.