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WaveQ#Question TextData Tables
Fall 2016Q8cSome people think that certain policy issues should be managed at the state level rather than the local level for a variety of reasons (for example, efficiency or consistency across jurisdictions). Others think local home rule is more important. In each of the following broad policy areas, how do you generally think authority should be divided between the state and local levels of government? Environment and natural resources (e.g., water, solid waste, agriculture, forestry)

Major Tags: State Government | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: State oversight | Environment | Relations with state government | State mandates and preemption
see tables
Spring 2016Q11gWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes? Utilities (water, sewer, lighting, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Tradeoffs
see tables
Spring 2016Q17Which of the following best describes how drinking water is provided in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service provision | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q18To the best of your knowledge, which of the following best describes the source(s) of the shared drinking water system(s) in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service provision | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19aTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Threats to water source quality / safety

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19bTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Inadequate volume / low water tables

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19cTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Compliance with state and/or federal regulations

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19dTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Presence of lead in on-premises plumbing (e.g., faucets, solder)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19eTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Presence of lead in pipes connecting customers to the system(s)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19fTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Aging / breaking pipes in the shared water supply system(s)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19gTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Affordability / delinquency on water bills

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Taxes | water | Tax delinquencies and foreclosures
see tables
Spring 2016Q19hTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Other

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q20Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's role, if any, in the shared water system?

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations | Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service provision | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q21In your opinion, how would you rate the overall current condition of drinking water infrastructure (such as treatment plant, distribution pipes, etc.) in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q22To what degree would you say the overall condition of drinking water systems in your jurisdiction has improved or deteriorated over the last decade?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q23aTo what extent, if any, is the current condition of the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction a topic of discussion among your jurisdiction's Board/Council?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q23bTo what extent, if any, is the current condition of the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction a topic of discussion among your jurisdiction's citizens?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q24aThinking about the current levels of funding for drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you agree or disagree that current levels of funding are adequate to maintain the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q24bThinking about the current levels of funding for drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you agree or disagree that current levels of funding are adequate to improve the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25aPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? General fund contributions

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations | Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25bPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? water rates / user fees

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25cPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? Special assessments

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | Property taxes | Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25dPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? Bonds

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25ePlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? Low-interest loans

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25fPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? Federal / state grants

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q25gPlease indicate whether your jurisdiction uses each of the following options to fund drinking water, and whether or not each has been increased in the last few years? Other

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service spending | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q26aLooking ahead, in order to maintain or improve drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction, do you think the following groups or individuals would support or oppose increasing water rates or fees? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q26bLooking ahead, in order to maintain or improve drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction, do you think the following groups or individuals would support or oppose increasing water rates or fees? The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q26cLooking ahead, in order to maintain or improve drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction, do you think the following groups or individuals would support or oppose increasing water rates or fees? You personally in your role as a local official

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Revenue | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q27aThe responsibility for ensuring safe drinking water is shared among many actors, including both public and private entities. We're particularly interested in the role of federal, state, and local governments. Please rate how well each of the following levels of government is doing in carrying out its responsibility to ensure safe drinking water in your jurisdiction. Federal government

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Federal Government
Related Topics: Federal government job performance | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q27bThe responsibility for ensuring safe drinking water is shared among many actors, including both public and private entities. We're particularly interested in the role of federal, state, and local governments. Please rate how well each of the following levels of government is doing in carrying out its responsibility to ensure safe drinking water in your jurisdiction. Michigan's state government

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | State Government
Related Topics: State oversight | State government job performance | water
see tables
Spring 2016Q27cThe responsibility for ensuring safe drinking water is shared among many actors, including both public and private entities. We're particularly interested in the role of federal, state, and local governments. Please rate how well each of the following levels of government is doing in carrying out its responsibility to ensure safe drinking water in your jurisdiction. Your local government

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Local government job performance | water
see tables
Spring 2014Q11aAlthough some of these may not apply to your jurisdiction, please indicate, as far as you know, which of the following types of services or operations your jurisdiction has privatized, either in whole or in part: Utilities/water/sewer

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations | Services
Related Topics: Finances | Service provision | Infrastructure | water | Privatization
see tables
Spring 2014Q28cSome local governments adopt formal policies regarding financial planning and management, while others take a more informal approach. Below is a list of recommendations from the Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA). Thinking across your jurisdiction's various types of funds, generally speaking, please identify which of the following descriptions most closely represents your government's current policies or practices, if any, for each of these general GFOA recommendations: Asset Inventory: regularly updated inventory and assessment of the condition of all major capital assets (e.g., buildings, water and sewer, major equipment, etc.)

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Fiscal health | Finances | Financial planning
see tables
Fall 2013Q5aIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on runoff from stormwater sewers and streets.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5bIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on runoff from farms and the agricultural sector.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5cIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on waste water systems' overflow release.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5dIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on septic system inspections and maintenance.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5eIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations to limit water diversion from the Great Lakes.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes | water
see tables
Fall 2013Q6aIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase efforts to improve Great Lakes water quality, even if it requires higher taxes.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6gIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase the cost of water for households and businesses to encourage consumers to use less water.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q22fWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential risks to water resources

Major Tags: Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Spring 2012Q33gWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes: Utilities (water/sewer/lighting, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Tradeoffs
see tables
Fall 2010Q5fPlease identify the extent of your jurisdiction's collaboration with other jurisdictions for provision of the following types of services: Utilities and/or water / sewer / recycling / waste

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | Infrastructure | Services
Related Topics: Service provision | Level of collaboration
see tables
Fall 2010Q9fFor what types of services or activities is your jurisdiction studying and/or planning new or significantly expanded collaborative efforts: Utilities / water / sewer / recycling / waste

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Service provision | water
see tables
Fall 2010Q25bSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Changing your jurisdiction's work practices (such as water conservation, thermostat regulation, etc.)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Spring 2009Q9eTo what degree would you consider the following as a barrier or asset to your jurisdiction's economic development efforts: Traditional infrastructure (roads, bridges, water/sewer, etc.)

Major Tags: Economic Development and Community Development | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Development conditions | Infrastructure conditions | Roads | water
see tables
Spring 2009Q20eIs your jurisdiction currently involved in any of the following types of intergovernmental or regional efforts: Utilities/water/waste

Major Tags: Infrastructure | Intergovernmental Cooperation
Related Topics: Level of collaboration
see tables

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