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Spring 2017Q4iComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether - in your opinion - there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2017Q5fNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2016Q4iComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether - in your opinion - there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2016Q5fNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2016Q11aWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes? Police services

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Police services | Tradeoffs
see tables
Spring 2016Q11bWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Fire services | Tradeoffs
see tables
Fall 2015Q2aFirst, please think overall about the public safety services in your jurisdiction, whether provided by your jurisdiction or by other entities. In your role as a local official, how satisfied are you with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q2bFirst, please think overall about the public safety services in your jurisdiction, whether provided by your jurisdiction or by other entities. In your role as a local official, how satisfied are you with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? State police

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q2cFirst, please think overall about the public safety services in your jurisdiction, whether provided by your jurisdiction or by other entities. In your role as a local official, how satisfied are you with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? County sheriff

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q2dFirst, please think overall about the public safety services in your jurisdiction, whether provided by your jurisdiction or by other entities. In your role as a local official, how satisfied are you with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Local police (if applicable)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q2eFirst, please think overall about the public safety services in your jurisdiction, whether provided by your jurisdiction or by other entities. In your role as a local official, how satisfied are you with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Ambulance / emergency medical services (EMS)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q3aNow, how satisfied do you think the majority of your citizens are with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q3bNow, how satisfied do you think the majority of your citizens are with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? State police

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q3cNow, how satisfied do you think the majority of your citizens are with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? County sheriff

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q3dNow, how satisfied do you think the majority of your citizens are with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Local police (if applicable)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q3eNow, how satisfied do you think the majority of your citizens are with each of the following services provided in your jurisdiction? Ambulance / emergency medical services (EMS)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q4Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's primary service delivery arrangement, if any, for law enforcement?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q5Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's primary service delivery arrangement, if any, for medical transport services (e.g., ambulance)?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q6Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's primary service delivery arrangement, if any, for fire services?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q7aHow likely is it that your jurisdiction will change its service delivery arrangement (e.g., provided directly, indirectly via contract, etc.) for each of the following services in the next 2 years? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q7bHow likely is it that your jurisdiction will change its service delivery arrangement (e.g., provided directly, indirectly via contract, etc.) for each of the following services in the next 2 years? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q7cHow likely is it that your jurisdiction will change its service delivery arrangement (e.g., provided directly, indirectly via contract, etc.) for each of the following services in the next 2 years? Ambulance

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q9Which public safety unit most often provides emergency medical response in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Workforce
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q10Which of the following best describes the staffing arrangements for fire services in your jurisdiction? Are they all volunteers (including those who may receive a stipend for fire runs, sometimes referred to as paid-on-call), all paid employees, or a mix?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Workforce
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q11aTo what extent, if any, would you say that recruitment and/or retention is a problem - either now or recently - for the following personnel in the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction? Paid firefighters

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Workforce
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q11bTo what extent, if any, would you say that recruitment and/or retention is a problem - either now or recently - for the following personnel in the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction? Volunteer (including paid-on-call) firefighters

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Workforce
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q11cTo what extent, if any, would you say that recruitment and/or retention is a problem - either now or recently - for the following personnel in the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction? Law enforcement officers

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Workforce
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q12aWe're interested in how costs are divided when services are shared jointly between multiple jurisdictions, or provided by one jurisdiction for another. Thinking about the primary service delivery arrangement in your jurisdiction for each of the following services, do you think your jurisdiction pays too much, about the right amount, or not enough of the total costs of services provided, or does your jurisdiction not share service delivery? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations | Intergovernmental Cooperation
Related Topics: Finances | Service provision | Service spending | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q12bWe're interested in how costs are divided when services are shared jointly between multiple jurisdictions, or provided by one jurisdiction for another. Thinking about the primary service delivery arrangement in your jurisdiction for each of the following services, do you think your jurisdiction pays too much, about the right amount, or not enough of the total costs of services provided, or does your jurisdiction not share service delivery? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations | Intergovernmental Cooperation
Related Topics: Finances | Service provision | Service spending | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q12cWe're interested in how costs are divided when services are shared jointly between multiple jurisdictions, or provided by one jurisdiction for another. Thinking about the primary service delivery arrangement in your jurisdiction for each of the following services, do you think your jurisdiction pays too much, about the right amount, or not enough of the total costs of services provided, or does your jurisdiction not share service delivery? Ambulance / EMS

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations | Intergovernmental Cooperation
Related Topics: Finances | Service provision | Service spending | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q13aTo what extent do you agree or disagree that your jurisdiction has enough funding to meet its current fire protection needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q13bTo what extent do you agree or disagree that your jurisdiction has enough funding to meet its current law enforcement needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q13cTo what extent do you agree or disagree that your jurisdiction has enough funding to meet its current ambulance / EMS needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q14aNow, do you think your jurisdiction appropriates too much, about the right amount, or too little funding to meet its fire protection needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q14bNow, do you think your jurisdiction appropriates too much, about the right amount, or too little funding to meet its law enforcement needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q14cNow, do you think your jurisdiction appropriates too much, about the right amount, or too little funding to meet its ambulance / EMS needs?

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q15aIn recent years, has your jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for any of the following services through either new or renewed public safety millage(s) or special assessment(s)? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q15bIn recent years, has your jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for any of the following services through either new or renewed public safety millage(s) or special assessment(s)? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q15cIn recent years, has your jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for any of the following services through either new or renewed public safety millage(s) or special assessment(s)? Ambulance / EMS

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q16aWould you, in your role as a local official, support or oppose your jurisdiction pursuing additional local funding for any of the following public safety services through either a new millage or special assessment? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q16bWould you, in your role as a local official, support or oppose your jurisdiction pursuing additional local funding for any of the following public safety services through either a new millage or special assessment? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q16cWould you, in your role as a local official, support or oppose your jurisdiction pursuing additional local funding for any of the following public safety services through either a new millage or special assessment? Ambulance / EMS

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Property taxes | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q17aDo any of the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction offset expenses by using cost recovery policies/ordinances (for example, charging for fire runs, hazardous material incidents, police calls, or imposing extra fees on drunken driver or moving vehicle citations, etc.) for the following services? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q17bDo any of the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction offset expenses by using cost recovery policies/ordinances (for example, charging for fire runs, hazardous material incidents, police calls, or imposing extra fees on drunken driver or moving vehicle citations, etc.) for the following services? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q17cDo any of the public safety departments that serve your jurisdiction offset expenses by using cost recovery policies/ordinances (for example, charging for fire runs, hazardous material incidents, police calls, or imposing extra fees on drunken driver or moving vehicle citations, etc.) for the following services? Ambulance / EMS

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q18aThinking about any important aspects of the cost recovery policies/ordinances used in your jurisdiction (e.g., cost savings, collection issues, public satisfaction), overall, would you say you have been generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the use of cost recovery for each of the following services? Fire services

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q18bThinking about any important aspects of the cost recovery policies/ordinances used in your jurisdiction (e.g., cost savings, collection issues, public satisfaction), overall, would you say you have been generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the use of cost recovery for each of the following services? Law enforcement

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q18cThinking about any important aspects of the cost recovery policies/ordinances used in your jurisdiction (e.g., cost savings, collection issues, public satisfaction), overall, would you say you have been generally satisfied or dissatisfied with the use of cost recovery for each of the following services? Ambulance / EMS

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | Revenue | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19aThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Arson

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19bThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Wildfires

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19cThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Other fires

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19dThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Hazardous material incidents

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19eThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Traffic accidents

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19fThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Other medical emergencies

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19gThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Distance to the nearest hospital

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q20aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about fire services in your jurisdiction? Most people feel confident that fire services will arrive in time to handle a fire.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q20bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about fire services in your jurisdiction? The fire services in my jurisdiction are more effective now than they were 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q21aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about emergency medical response in your jurisdiction? Most people feel confident that first responders will arrive in time to handle a medical emergency.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q21bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about emergency medical response in your jurisdiction? The EMS services in my jurisdiction are more effective now than they were 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22aThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Violent crimes (e.g., rape, assault, homicide, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22bThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Property crimes (e.g., burglary, vandalism, identity theft, embezzlement, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22cThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Drug crimes (e.g., possession, manufacturing, distribution, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22dThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Public-order offenses (e.g., DUI, weapons violations, disorderly conduct, traffic violations, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22eThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Crime overall in your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | public safety | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Most people feel safe in my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Public perceptions of crime in my jurisdiction have a negative effect on economic development and/or tourism.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Public perceptions of crime in my jurisdiction are contributing to a decline in residential population.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? People generally feel confident that law enforcement will arrive in time to handle an emergency in my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23eTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Inappropriate use of force by law enforcement in my jurisdiction is (or has recently been) an issue.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23fTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? The primary law enforcement agency that serves my jurisdiction is more effective now than it was 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? Most people in my jurisdiction trust the law enforcement officers.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? A significant number of people in my jurisdiction are hostile towards law enforcement officers.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q25cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? Most law enforcement officers in my jurisdiction treat all people professionally regardless of their race, ethnicity, gender, or other characteristics.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? A significant number of law enforcement officers in my jurisdiction are overly strict in enforcing the law.

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q26aThinking about the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction, overall, how would you describe the relationship today between community members and the law enforcement officers?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q26bThinking about the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction, overall, how would you describe the relationship today between your Board/Council and the law enforcement agency?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27aTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have a citizen task force that advises the law enforcement agency

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Citizen engagement | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27bTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Conduct citizen satisfaction surveys

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Citizen engagement | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27cTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Proactively make agency policies available for public review (e.g., on agency website)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Outreach | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27dTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27eTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27fTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have a law enforcement workforce that reflects the racial make-up of your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q28In the past year, there have been a number of high-profile incidents of civil unrest across the country, often revolving around police use of force, as in Ferguson, Missouri, and Baltimore, Maryland. How concerned are you that a major incident of civil unrest connected to police use of force could happen in your jurisdiction in the near future?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q29aTo what extent, if any, do you think recent high-profile incidents of police-community violence such as those in Ferguson and Baltimore have lowered the morale of law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q29bTo what extent, if any, do you think recent high-profile incidents of police-community violence such as those in Ferguson and Baltimore have lowered the level of community trust toward law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q30aRecently, there has been national attention on the transfer of military equipment (e.g., body armor, armored vehicles, etc.) to local law enforcement agencies. In general, do you support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having this type of equipment: in your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q30bRecently, there has been national attention on the transfer of military equipment (e.g., body armor, armored vehicles, etc.) to local law enforcement agencies. In general, do you support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having this type of equipment: in other communities across the state

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31aTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Unmanned aerial vehicles (i.e., drones)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31bTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Dashboard cameras

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31cTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Body cameras

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31dTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Other public surveillance cameras (e.g., on buildings, streetlights, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31eTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Citizen notification systems (to alert residents of weather-related or man-made emergencies)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Technology | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31fTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Data-driven policing / crime mapping

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Technology | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q31gTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following equipment or practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Community policing (assigning officers to particular areas to build partnerships with residents)

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32aSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? The majority of your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32bSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? The leaders of the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction think

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32cSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? You personally in your role as a local official think

Major Tags: Services | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Spring 2015Q4jComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether - in your opinion - there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2015Q5fNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Fall 2014q3eThinking about the condition of roads and bridges within your community overall, to what degree would you say their current condition has a positive or negative impact, if any, on the following? The ability of public safety personnel to respond to an emergency in your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Roads
see tables
Fall 2014q4aIn your opinion, where would you say the following groups or individuals would rank the need for road and bridge maintenance and improvement compared to other public service priorities (e.g., public safety services, economic development, public health, trash collection, etc.) for your local government? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Tradeoffs | Service spending | Roads
see tables
Fall 2014q4bIn your opinion, where would you say the following groups or individuals would rank the need for road and bridge maintenance and improvement compared to other public service priorities (e.g., public safety services, economic development, public health, trash collection, etc.) for your local government? The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Tradeoffs | Service spending | Roads
see tables
Fall 2014q4cIn your opinion, where would you say the following groups or individuals would rank the need for road and bridge maintenance and improvement compared to other public service priorities (e.g., public safety services, economic development, public health, trash collection, etc.) for your local government? The majority of your jurisdiction's business community

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Tradeoffs | Service spending | Roads
see tables
Fall 2014q4dIn your opinion, where would you say the following groups or individuals would rank the need for road and bridge maintenance and improvement compared to other public service priorities (e.g., public safety services, economic development, public health, trash collection, etc.) for your local government? You personally in your role as a local official

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Tradeoffs | Service spending | Roads
see tables
Fall* 2014Q3dThinking about the condition of roads and bridges within your community overall, to what degree would you say their current condition has a positive or negative impact, if any, on the following? The ability of public safety personnel to respond to an emergency in your county [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Roads
see tables
Spring 2014Q4jComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether - in your opinion - there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2014Q5fNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2014Q11cAlthough some of these may not apply to your jurisdiction, please indicate, as far as you know, which of the following types of services or operations your jurisdiction has privatized, either in whole or in part: 911 emergency services (dispatch, ambulance, etc.)

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations | Services
Related Topics: Finances | Service provision | public safety | Privatization
see tables
Spring 2013Q4jComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether - in your opinion - there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2013Q5fNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2013Q5gNow, comparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual infrastructure spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2013Q16aDoes your jurisdiction currently have a Police union?

Major Tags: Workforce | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Workforce conditions | Police services | Unions
see tables
Spring 2013Q16bDoes your jurisdiction currently have a Fire union?

Major Tags: Workforce | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Workforce conditions | Fire services | Unions
see tables
Spring 2012Q4jComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether-in your opinion-there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2012Q5fNow, thinking about the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2012Q33aWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes: Police services

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Police services | Tradeoffs
see tables
Spring 2012Q33bWe are interested in views about the trade-off between services and taxes. Thinking about particular services your jurisdiction may currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the currently offer, if your jurisdiction's citizens were facing significant service cuts, in your opinion, what would they choose? Would the majority of citizens be more likely to choose higher taxes to avoid those service cuts or would they choose cuts to public services to avoid higher taxes: Fire services

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations | public safety
Related Topics: Service provision | Taxes | Fire services | Tradeoffs
see tables
Fall 2011Q28aGovernor Rick Snyder recently presented a new state government measurement and benchmarking system in the form of a Michigan state government "performance dashboard," a public summary of important financial and operating measures such as fiscal stability, economic strengths, public safety, quality of life, etc. The Snyder administration is also encouraging each Michigan local government to produce its own "performance dashboard." How effective or ineffective do you think a local government performance dashboard would be in helping to improve: your jurisdiction's accountability and transparency

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Performance management | State policies | Dashboards
see tables
Fall 2011Q28bGovernor Rick Snyder recently presented a new state government measurement and benchmarking system in the form of a Michigan state government "performance dashboard," a public summary of important financial and operating measures such as fiscal stability, economic strengths, public safety, quality of life, etc. The Snyder administration is also encouraging each Michigan local government to produce its own "performance dashboard." How effective or ineffective do you think a local government performance dashboard would be in helping to improve: your jurisdiction's performance

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Performance management | State policies | Dashboards
see tables
Fall 2011Q28cGovernor Rick Snyder recently presented a new state government measurement and benchmarking system in the form of a Michigan state government "performance dashboard," a public summary of important financial and operating measures such as fiscal stability, economic strengths, public safety, quality of life, etc. The Snyder administration is also encouraging each Michigan local government to produce its own "performance dashboard." How effective or ineffective do you think a local government performance dashboard would be in helping to improve: your jurisdiction's ability to benchmark or compare itself with other jurisdictions

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Performance management | State policies | Dashboards
see tables
Spring 2011Q4jComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether-- in your opinion -- there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2011Q5fNow, thinking about the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Fall 2010Q9cFor what types of services or activities is your jurisdiction studying and/or planning new or significantly expanded collaborative efforts: Police services

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | public safety | Services,
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2010Q9dFor what types of services or activities is your jurisdiction studying and/or planning new or significantly expanded collaborative efforts: Fire services

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | public safety | Services,
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2010Q9eFor what types of services or activities is your jurisdiction studying and/or planning new or significantly expanded collaborative efforts: 911 emergency services

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | public safety | Services,
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Spring 2010Q4hComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether -- in your opinion -- there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year in: public safety needs

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2010Q5fNow, thinking about the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take: Actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Fall 2009Q23Public Act 312 requires that if there is an impasse in negotiations between a community and its public safety union (police or fire), then they must go to mandatory binding arbitration. Do believe that Public Act 312 should be repealed, amended, or remain as it is currently?

Major Tags: Workforce | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Employee compensation | State policies | Unions
see tables
Spring 2009Q5gComparing your jurisdiction's current fiscal year to its previous fiscal year, please consider the ways the following items have changed. Indicate whether -- in your opinion -- there has been a decrease, an increase, or no change from the previous fiscal year in: public safety needs.

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service demand | public safety
see tables
Spring 2009Q6lNow, thinking about the next fiscal year, please indicate which actions your jurisdiction has taken or is likely to take regarding: actual public safety spending

Major Tags: Services | Finance Budget and Operations
Related Topics: Finances | Service spending | public safety
see tables
Spring 2009Q20cIs your jurisdiction currently involved in any of the following types of intergovernmental or regional efforts: Police services

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | public safety
Related Topics: Police services | Level of collaboration
see tables
Spring 2009Q20dIs your jurisdiction currently involved in any of the following types of intergovernmental or regional efforts: Fire services

Major Tags: Intergovernmental Cooperation | public safety
Related Topics: Fire services | Level of collaboration
see tables

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