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Michigan Public Policy Survey Question Database Search



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WaveQ#Question TextData Tables
Fall 2016Q8cSome people think that certain policy issues should be managed at the state level rather than the local level for a variety of reasons (for example, efficiency or consistency across jurisdictions). Others think local home rule is more important. In each of the following broad policy areas, how do you generally think authority should be divided between the state and local levels of government? Environment and natural resources (e.g., water, solid waste, agriculture, forestry)

Major Tags: State Government | energy and Environment | Governmental Relations
Related Topics: State oversight | Environment | Relations with state government | State mandates and preemption
see tables
Fall 2013Q2First, thinking about the Great Lakes overall, would you rate their current condition as excellent, good, fair, poor, or very poor?

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q3aTo what extent do you agree or disagree the following general statement about the Great Lakes? The Great Lakes have a significant impact on my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q3bTo what extent do you agree or disagree the following general statement about the Great Lakes? The Great Lakes are a valuable economic resource for Michigan.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q3cTo what extent do you agree or disagree the following general statement about the Great Lakes? The Great Lakes are a valuable economic resource for my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q3dTo what extent do you agree or disagree the following general statement about the Great Lakes? My jurisdiction's policies and operations do not impact the health of the Great Lakes.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4aFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: Federal governments (The United States and Canada).

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4bFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: State governments (Michigan, other states, and Canadian provinces).

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4cFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: Local governments.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4dFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: Your jurisdiction's government in particular.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4eFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: Businesses and industries.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q4fFor the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to protect the Great Lakes: Individual citizens.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q5aIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on runoff from stormwater sewers and streets.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5bIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on runoff from farms and the agricultural sector.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5cIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on waste water systems' overflow release.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5dIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations on septic system inspections and maintenance.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Water
see tables
Fall 2013Q5eIn general, to what extent do you believe the following types of regulatory policies should be strengthened or eased: Regulations to limit water diversion from the Great Lakes.

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes | Water
see tables
Fall 2013Q6aIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase efforts to improve Great Lakes water quality, even if it requires higher taxes.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6bIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Phase out coal-fired power plants to reduce mercury emissions in the Great Lakes region, even if the cost of electricity increases.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6cIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Prevent new construction on wetlands, even if it limits economic development.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6dIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Reduce the rate at which farmland or other natural areas are being paved over, even if it limits economic development.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6eIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase coordination among regional states on Great Lakes management, even if it requires giving up some of Michigan's decision-making power.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6fIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase coordination and role among local governments on Great Lakes management, even if it requires giving up some of your jurisdiction's decision-making power.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q6gIn general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible policies or actions related to the Great Lakes: Increase the cost of water for households and businesses to encourage consumers to use less water.

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | The Great Lakes
see tables
Fall 2013Q7aWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Small, individual-use wind turbines within your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q7bWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Larger, utility-scale wind turbines within your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q7cWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Larger, utility-scale wind turbines in neighboring jurisdictions that may impact your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q8As far as you know, in the last few years have there been any proposals that did not move forward regarding the development of any kind of turbines in your jurisdiction (or in neighboring jurisdictions that may have impacted your jurisdiction)?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q9To what extent, if at all, would you say current or potential wind turbines within your jurisdiction are a topic of discussion, either in the community at large or within your jurisdiction's government?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10aWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's Council/Board.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10bWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10cWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: You as a jurisdiction official.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11aHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Offer tax or other incentives.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11bHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: A local moratorium and/or ban on wind turbines.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11cHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Other local ordinances and/or zoning codes.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11dHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Intergovernmental agreements with neighboring jurisdictions.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12aWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Potential visual or noise impacts

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12bWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Road construction, use, damage, etc.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12cWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Impact on property values

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12dWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Community organizations active on wind energy issues

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12eWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Business proposals to establish wind farms or utility-scale turbines

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12fWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Connecting turbines to the electrical grid

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12gWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Local job creation and/or economic development

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12hWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Revenue for land-owners

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12iWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Local property tax revenue

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12jWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Depreciation tables for wind turbines set by the State Tax Commission

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12kWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Preservation of farmland

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12lWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Wind speed and reliability

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q14aWind turbines are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, height, setbacks, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding wind turbines: The federal government

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q14bWind turbines are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, height, setbacks, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding wind turbines: State governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q14cWind turbines are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, height, setbacks, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding wind turbines: Local governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q14dWind turbines are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, height, setbacks, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding wind turbines: Land-owners

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q15Now we want to turn to issues of oil and natural gas extraction in Michigan. Of course, Michigan has a long history of oil and gas extraction by traditional methods of drilling wells vertically. As far as you know, is there any history of oil or gas extractions using traditional methods within your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q16Recent attention has focused on the extraction of natural gas through hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling of underground shale deposits, using high volumes of fluid to break the rock. This is sometimes called "fracking," and we use these terms interchangeably throughout this section to refer to high-volume hydraulic fracturing. How familiar would you say you are with hydraulic fracturing?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q17aAs far as you know, in your area, are there currently any hydraulic fracturing operations used for extracting natural gas and/or efforts to add or expand such fracking operations within your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q17bAs far as you know, in your area, are there currently any hydraulic fracturing operations used for extracting natural gas and/or efforts to add or expand such fracking operations in neighboring jurisdictions that may impact your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q18As far as you know, in the last few years have there been any proposals that did not move forward regarding fracking operations within your jurisdiction (or in neighboring jurisdictions that may have impacted your jurisdiction)?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q19To what extent, if at all, would you say current or potential fracking within your jurisdiction is a topic of discussion, either in the community at large or within your jurisdiction's government?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20aWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's Council/Board.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20bWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20cWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: You as a jurisdiction official.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21aHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Offer tax or other incentives.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21bHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: A local moratorium and/or ban on hydraulic fracturing.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21cHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Other local ordinances and/or zoning codes.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21dHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Intergovernmental agreements with neighboring jurisdictions.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22aWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Local job creation and/or economic development

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22bWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Lower energy prices

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22cWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential environmental damage linked to fracking operations, such as spills, leaks, etc.

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22dWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential environmental benefits from cleaner-burning natural gas instead of coal

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22eWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential risks to citizens' health

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22fWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential risks to water resources

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22gWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Impact on property values

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22hWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Community organizations active on fracking issues

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22iWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Business proposals to establish hydraulic fracturing operations

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22jWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Federal or state regulations

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22kWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Revenue for land-owners

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22lWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Local property tax revenue

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22mWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Preservation of farmland

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22nWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction? Availability of underground shale gas deposits

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q24aHydraulic fracturing operations are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, setbacks, waste disposal, chemical disclosure, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding fracking: The federal government

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q24bHydraulic fracturing operations are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, setbacks, waste disposal, chemical disclosure, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding fracking: State governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q24cHydraulic fracturing operations are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, setbacks, waste disposal, chemical disclosure, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding fracking: Local governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q24dHydraulic fracturing operations are sometimes regulated in terms of their location, setbacks, waste disposal, chemical disclosure, and so on. For each of the following entities, please indicate whether you think they should have a great deal of authority, some authority, or no authority for such decisions regarding fracking: Land-owners

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q25aNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase the use of nuclear power

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q25bNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase the use of hydroelectric power

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25cNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase the use of solar power

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25dNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase production and use of biomass and/or biofuels

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25eNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase regulation of oil and gas pipelines statewide

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25fNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase drilling for natural gas and oil through high-volume hydraulic fracturing

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25gNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Allow offshore oil and gas drilling in the Great Lakes

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | The Great Lakes | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25hNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase the use of wind power on land

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25iNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Increase the use of offshore wind power in the Great Lakes

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | The Great Lakes | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q25jNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Mandate expanded use of renewable energy through state law

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources | State mandates and preemption
see tables
Fall 2013Q25kNext, we want to ask about a range of potential sources of energy. Although these issues can be complex and may have various costs and benefits, in general, to what extent do you support or oppose the following possible actions to address energy supply issues in Michigan: Mandate energy efficiency/conservation measures through state law

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources | State mandates and preemption
see tables
Fall 2013Q26Some local governments engage in sustainability planning while others do not. Sustainability is often defined as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It often tries to balance environmental, economic, and social goals or issues. Sustainability planning can encompass a wide range of things, from stand-alone plans to sustainability goals integrated into master plans or zoning plans, efforts to incorporate such planning across multiple departments or activities, and so on. As far as you know, does your jurisdiction engage in sustainability planning, and if so, how extensively?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2013Q28Do you agree or disagree that promoting environmental sustainability and the concept of "being green" are important aspects of local government leadership?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25aSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices :Improving energy efficiency in your government facilities (such as lighting, insulation, or HVAC upgrades, anti-idling policies for municipal fleets, etc.)

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25bSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Changing your jurisdiction's work practices (such as water conservation, thermostat regulation, etc.)

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25cSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices :Programs targeted at residents (such as recycling programs, promoting home weatherization, etc.)

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25dSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Programs targeted at local businesses (such as rebates to businesses that cut consumption, commercial recycling, formal recognition of green practices, etc.)

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25eSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Developing or purchasing alternative energy sources (such as employing solar panels or wind turbines)

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q26Do you agree or disagree that promoting environmental sustainability and the concept of "being green" are important aspects of local government leadership?

Major Tags: energy and Environment | Community and Social Issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q27In your view is global warming a very serious problem, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem?

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Global climate change
see tables
Fall 2010Q28aFor each level of government below, please indicate whether you think it should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: Federal Government

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Global climate change
see tables
Fall 2010Q28bFor each level of government below, please indicate whether you think it should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: State Governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Global climate change
see tables
Fall 2010Q28cFor each level of government below, please indicate whether you think it should have a great deal of responsibility, some responsibility, or no responsibility for taking actions to reduce global warming: Local Governments

Major Tags: energy and Environment
Related Topics: Environment | Global climate change
see tables

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