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Results of search for: community and social issues for all years

WaveQ#Question TextData Tables
Spring 2018Q13aThinking more generally about the tone of discussion and communication that takes place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction? Among elected officials themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Intragovernmental relations | Civic discourse
see tables
Spring 2018Q13bThinking more generally about the tone of discussion and communication that takes place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction? Between elected officials and residents

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse
see tables
Spring 2018Q13cThinking more generally about the tone of discussion and communication that takes place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction? Among residents themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse | Trust in citizens
see tables
Spring 2018Q14aWould you say the tone of discussion and communication among these groups is more or less civil than it was five years ago? Among elected officials themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Intragovernmental relations | Civic discourse
see tables
Spring 2018Q14bWould you say the tone of discussion and communication among these groups is more or less civil than it was five years ago? Between elected officials and residents

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse
see tables
Spring 2018Q14cWould you say the tone of discussion and communication among these groups is more or less civil than it was five years ago? Among residents themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse | Trust in citizens
see tables
Spring 2018Q18aTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Affordable housing

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18bTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Emergency housing (homeless shelters, domestic violence shelters, warming centers, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18cTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Emergency food (food pantries, soup kitchens, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18dTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Public transportation (bus or ride services, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18eTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Subsidized healthcare (federally qualified health centers, CHIP, Medicaid, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18fTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Subsidized childcare and pre-K programs

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18gTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Job training/workforce development

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q18hTo the best of your knowledge, please indicate if the following are needed by residents in your community to help make ends meet and-- if so-- whether those needs are being met. Drug treatment programs

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Service demand | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q19To what extent, if any, would you say that people's inability to pay minor legal fees and costs (e.g., traffic citations, parking fines, license suspensions, court fees, bail, etc.) is a cause of significant economic hardship for residents in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Poverty
see tables
Spring 2018Q20To the best of your knowledge, approximately what percentage of people in your community do you think live under the federal poverty level (that is, with an annual income level below $12,140 for individuals and below $25,100 for a family of four.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Poverty
see tables
Spring 2018Q21Now regardless of whether or not your community has residents below the federal poverty level, to the best of your knowledge, approximately what percentage of people in your community would you say struggle to make ends meet?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Poverty
see tables
Spring 2018Q22aWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Affordable housing

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22bWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Emergency housing (homeless shelters, domestic violence shelters, warming centers, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22cWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Emergency food (food pantries, soup kitchens, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22dWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Public transportation (bus or ride services, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22eWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Subsidized healthcare (federally qualified health centers, CHIP, Medicaid, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22fWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Subsidized childcare and pre-K programs

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22gWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Job training/workforce development

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q22hWhether or not your jurisdiction has resources or authority to implement a particular policy, which of the following, if any, have been topics of discussion within your jurisdiction's government-- including at Board/Council meetings-- within the past 12 months? (check all that apply) Drug treatment programs

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q23Aside from any standard property tax exemptions for residents below the poverty level, does your jurisdiction currently have any formal local programs or policies of its own to address poverty or economic hardship in the community?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q25To what extent, if any, does your jurisdiction partner with local groups (e.g., schools, community organizations, churches, nonprofits, etc.) to provide resources or services for low-income residents in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q26aIn your opinion, do the following groups or individuals think your jurisdiction currently does too much, about the right amount, or too little to address local poverty or economic hardship? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q26bIn your opinion, do the following groups or individuals think your jurisdiction currently does too much, about the right amount, or too little to address local poverty or economic hardship? The majority of your jurisdiction's residents

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q26cIn your opinion, do the following groups or individuals think your jurisdiction currently does too much, about the right amount, or too little to address local poverty or economic hardship? You in your role as a local official

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development | Services
Related Topics: Poverty | Service provision | Human services
see tables
Spring 2018Q27Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's approach to allowing medical marijuana facilities in the jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q28What is the current status of zoning in your jurisdiction related to medical marijuana facilities?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29aAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Specifically limiting the number of facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29bAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Limiting the number of facilities by regulating distance between them

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29cAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Restricting facilities to particular zoning districts

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29dAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Requiring a special land-use permit

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29eAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Enforcing distance from schools, parks, or other community buildings

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29fAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Allowing multiple medical marijuana facilities on the same site (co-location)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29gAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Limiting hours of operation

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29hAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Setting sign and advertising restrictions

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q29iAs far as you know, which of the following types of policies are included in your local ordinance(s) related to medical marijuana facilities? (check all that apply) Don't know

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning | Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q30The Michigan Medical Marijuana Facilities Licensing Act (MMFLA) is new, and final rules are still under development. In your opinion, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction's Board/Council understands what it legally can or cannot do right now to regulate local medical marijuana facilities under the current MMFLA rules? Would you say it has? ?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q31aTo help us understand which communities have had experiences with medical marijuana facilities-- now or in the past-- which of the following describe your jurisdiction's experience? (check all that apply) There have never been medical marijuana facilities in our jurisdiction

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q31bTo help us understand which communities have had experiences with medical marijuana facilities-- now or in the past-- which of the following describe your jurisdiction's experience? (check all that apply) There are facilities proposed or planned, but not operating yet

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q31cTo help us understand which communities have had experiences with medical marijuana facilities-- now or in the past-- which of the following describe your jurisdiction's experience? (check all that apply) There were previously facilities that are closed now

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q31dTo help us understand which communities have had experiences with medical marijuana facilities-- now or in the past-- which of the following describe your jurisdiction's experience? (check all that apply) There are facilities currently operating

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q31eTo help us understand which communities have had experiences with medical marijuana facilities-- now or in the past-- which of the following describe your jurisdiction's experience? (check all that apply) Don't know

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q32aRegardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you think that the following groups or individuals support or oppose allowing any such facilities within your jurisdiction? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q32bRegardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you think that the following groups or individuals support or oppose allowing any such facilities within your jurisdiction? The majority of your jurisdiction's residents

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q32cRegardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you think that the following groups or individuals support or oppose allowing any such facilities within your jurisdiction? The chief law enforcement officer (Chief of Police, County Sheriff, etc.) serving your jurisdiction

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q32dRegardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you think that the following groups or individuals support or oppose allowing any such facilities within your jurisdiction? You personally in your role as a local official

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q33aNow, thinking about medical marijuana in general, regardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say there have been problems or benefits-- if any-- regarding medical marijuana in your community? Problems

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q33bNow, thinking about medical marijuana in general, regardless of whether or not there are currently any medical marijuana facilities operating in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say there have been problems or benefits-- if any-- regarding medical marijuana in your community? Benefits

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Medical marijuana
see tables
Spring 2018Q43Finally, we are interested in learning more about policy issues according to whether communities are rural, urban, or somewhere in between. How would you characterize your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Urbanicity
see tables
Fall 2017Q2aDoes your jurisdiction currently have a Master Plan that addresses land use?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q2bDoes your county currently have a Master Plan that addresses land use?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q3Master Plans must be reviewed every five years, and updates to the Plan are required when the review deems it necessary. To the best of your knowledge, approximately when was the last time the Master Plan for your jurisdiction was updated?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4aWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) No problems experienced or expected with updating the Master Plan

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4bWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) Insufficient expertise among staff or planning commissioners

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4cWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) Insufficient staff time

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4dWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) Lack of funds

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4eWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) Conflict within the community

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q4fWhether or not the Master Plan for your jurisdiction has been updated recently, which of the following problems, if any, has your jurisdiction experienced - or would you expect it to experience - when updating its Master Plan? (check all that apply) Conflict among the members of your jurisdiction's government (Planning Commission, Board/Council, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q5For some local governments, the Master Plan aims to preserve the current character of the community into the future. In other jurisdictions, the Master Plan envisions a future significantly different than the status quo. Thinking about the Master Plan for your jurisdiction, would you say it aims to?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q6aDoes your jurisdiction have particular staff members or elected officials who regularly "champion" or advocate for implementing the current Master Plan?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q6bDoes your jurisdiction have particular staff members or elected officials who regularly "champion" or advocate for updating the Master Plan?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q7Does your jurisdiction currently have a formal Capital Improvements Plan/Program (CIP) for infrastructure, facilities, equipment, etc.?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q8To what extent does your jurisdiction's Capital Improvements Plan/Program (CIP) prioritize projects based on whether they support the Master Plan for your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9aNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan helps the jurisdiction to make wise decisions (e.g., infrastructure investments, land use allocations)?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9bNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan aids the jurisdiction 's economic growth?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9cNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan protects or enhances the value of individuals ' property investments?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9dNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan helps build community enthusiasm or a sense of place?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9eNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan provides the jurisdiction legal protection against zoning or development lawsuits?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q9fNow we're interested in the potential benefits of land use planning. To what extent do you agree or disagree that having a Master Plan provides officials with political protection against complaints about zoning decisions?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Development strategies | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q10When considering the rezoning of properties, some local governments strictly adhere to their Master Plan, others use it just for general guiding principles, and yet other jurisdictions rarely consult it at all. Thinking about the way your jurisdiction usually uses its Master Plan in rezoning decisions, which of the following best describes your approach?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q11aWhat actions does your jurisdiction usually take to keep the zoning ordinance aligned with the Master Plan? (check all that apply) We preemptively rezone to keep aligned with the Master Plan's future land use map

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q11bWhat actions does your jurisdiction usually take to keep the zoning ordinance aligned with the Master Plan? (check all that apply) We ensure applicant-led rezoning requests follow the Master Plan's future land use map

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q11cWhat actions does your jurisdiction usually take to keep the zoning ordinance aligned with the Master Plan? (check all that apply) We consult the Master Plan goals and objectives when making zoning decisions (e.g., rezoning, zoning ordinance text amendments)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q11dWhat actions does your jurisdiction usually take to keep the zoning ordinance aligned with the Master Plan? (check all that apply) Don't know

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q11eWhat actions does your jurisdiction usually take to keep the zoning ordinance aligned with the Master Plan? (check all that apply) Other

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12aWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) It is too complicated to align our zoning ordinance with the Master Plan

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12bWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) Our Master Plan wasn't intended to be a blueprint for zoning

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12cWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) Some parts of the Master Plan are out-of-date

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12dWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) Some parts of the Master Plan are in conflict with other parts of the Master Plan

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12eWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) There isn't community consensus on some elements of the Master Plan

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q12fWhich of the following, if any, are reasons why your jurisdiction may not strictly adhere to its Master Plan when making rezoning decisions? (check all that apply) The time horizon for the Master Plan is too long to translate into our zoning ordinance

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q13aRegardless of whether your jurisdiction does its own zoning or relies on the county or a joint authority, how often would you say the following things occur regarding properties in your jurisdiction? Public hearings for zoning actions (rezoning requests, site plan review, special use permits, etc.)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q13bRegardless of whether your jurisdiction does its own zoning or relies on the county or a joint authority, how often would you say the following things occur regarding properties in your jurisdiction? Controversies related to those zoning actions

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q14Are there any full- or part-time planning employees on your jurisdiction's own staff?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q15aIf your jurisdiction makes any use of external planners (i.e., contracted consultants and/or personnel from other jurisdictions), what is the nature of the relationship(s)? (check all that apply) We don't use any external consultants for planning or zoning

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q15bIf your jurisdiction makes any use of external planners (i.e., contracted consultants and/or personnel from other jurisdictions), what is the nature of the relationship(s)? (check all that apply) We keep external planners on long-term retainer

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q15cIf your jurisdiction makes any use of external planners (i.e., contracted consultants and/or personnel from other jurisdictions), what is the nature of the relationship(s)? (check all that apply) We make use of external planners for intermittent planning or zoning projects

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q15dIf your jurisdiction makes any use of external planners (i.e., contracted consultants and/or personnel from other jurisdictions), what is the nature of the relationship(s)? (check all that apply) We make use of external planners to review complex site plans

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q16Thinking overall about your jurisdiction's planning and zoning needs today, does your jurisdiction have too much, too little, or about the right amount of staff capacity (i.e., internal staff and/or external consultants)?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Workforce
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q17How does your jurisdiction's current staff capacity for planning and zoning compare to 10 years ago (before the Great Recession)?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18aThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Medical marijuana facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18bThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Short-term property rentals in residential zones

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18cThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Large-scale wind turbines or windfarms

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Wind power | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18dThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Large-scale solar arrays

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18eThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Oil and gas facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18fThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Commercial communication (cell) towers

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18gThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Amateur radio towers

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18hThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Farmland preservation

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18iThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Adult foster care facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18jThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Billboards

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18kThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Keyhole or funnel development on lakes (providing lake access to "back lot" owners)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q18lThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) The siting of public schools

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2017Q19aOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q19bOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q19cOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's business community (including agriculture or forestry, if applicable)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q19dOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? You in your role as a local official

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Our governing board feels there is no need for land use planning in our jurisdiction.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Our governing board believes it is not the government's place to tell landowners how to use their property.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Developing a Master Plan is too expensive for our jurisdiction.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Developing a Master Plan is too time-consuming for our jurisdiction.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20eTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Our jurisdiction lacks the necessary expertise to develop a Master Plan.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q20fTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Our jurisdiction lacks sufficient volunteers for a local planning commission.

Major Tags: community and social issues | Citizen Engagement
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2017Q20gTo what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about your jurisdiction's decision not to develop a Master Plan that addresses land use? Our governing board feels it should be up to a higher level of government (i.e., the County or the State) to set land use policies.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: State mandates and preemption | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q21Looking ahead, how likely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt a Master Plan that addresses land use in the next few years?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q22In your opinion, has your jurisdiction experienced any significant problems because it does not have a Master Plan?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24aThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Medical marijuana facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24bThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Short-term property rentals in residential zones

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24cThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Large-scale wind turbines or windfarms

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Wind power | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24dThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Large-scale solar arrays

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24eThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Oil and gas facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Energy | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24fThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Commercial communication (cell) towers

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24gThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Amateur radio towers

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24hThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Farmland preservation

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24iThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Adult foster care facilities

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24jThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Billboards

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24kThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) Keyhole or funnel development on lakes (providing lake access to "back lot" owners)

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q24lThinking about different types of land uses, which of the following, if any, have been a topic of discussion within your jurisdiction's government, including discussion at Board/Council meetings? (check all that apply) The siting of public schools

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2017Q25aOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's Board/Council

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q25bOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q25cOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? The majority of your jurisdiction's business community (including agriculture or forestry, if applicable)

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q25dOverall, how satisfied would you say the following groups or individuals are with your jurisdiction's current approach to planning and zoning? You in your role as a local official

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Land use planning
see tables
Fall 2017Q26aThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? Single-family housing

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q26bThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? Duplex housing

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q26cThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? Multi-family housing

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q26dThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? Entry-level housing options

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q26eThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? Mid-range housing options

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q26fThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent would you say your jurisdiction has too much, too little, or the right amount of the following housing options? High-end housing options

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q27aThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Your jurisdiction has housing stock that is out-of-date

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q27bThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Your jurisdiction has housing stock that suffers from blight

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q27cThinking about the overall housing supply in your jurisdiction, to what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Your jurisdiction has sufficient regional construction workforce to meet demand for new/renovated housing.

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Community development | Housing
see tables
Fall 2017Q28Some local government policies - such as utility connection fees or zoning requirements (minimum lot sizes, required landscaping, etc.) - may make it more expensive to build new housing or to renovate existing housing stock. To what extent do you agree or disagree that your jurisdiction's policies or zoning requirements are hindering new construction or renovation in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q29Some local governments have begun experimenting with policy changes to boost housing construction and renovation. Recently, has your jurisdiction attempted to reduce barriers to new construction or renovation by streamlining local processes (e.g., permitting, site reviews, inspections, etc.), reducing fees, or revising other zoning code requirements?

Major Tags: community and social issues | Economic Development
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | Zoning
see tables
Fall 2017Q31aSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Encouraging private lenders to increase their project financing

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31bSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Increasing State funding for project gap financing loans or grants

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31cSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Leaving short-term rental regulation decisions to the discretion of local governments

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31dSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Expanding State affordable housing incentives to cover more income groups

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31eSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Authorizing local governments to adopt inclusionary zoning (i.e., requiring some new developments to designate a portion of units for low/moderate income households)

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies | State mandates and preemption
see tables
Fall 2017Q31fSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Recruiting more developers and builders to Michigan

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31gSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Reinstating historic preservation tax credits

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31hSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) Creating or expanding additional tax credits

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q31iSome people think the State government should take action to address various housing issues, while others disagree. Please indicate which of the following possible State actions, if any, you would support with regards to housing issues. (check all that apply) None of the above

Major Tags: community and social issues | State Government
Related Topics: Community development | Housing | State policies
see tables
Fall 2017Q46Finally, we are interested in learning more about policy issues according to whether communities are rural, urban, or somewhere in between. How would you characterize your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Urbanicity
see tables
Spring 2017Q29In general, how would you describe the public's perception of government workers in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Workforce | Governmental Relations | community and social issues
Related Topics: Local government job performance | Trust in local government
see tables
Spring 2017Q37Finally, we are interested in learning more about policy issues according to whether communities are rural, urban, or somewhere in between. How would you characterize your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: community and social issues
Related Topics: Urbanicity
see tables
Fall 2016Q16aTo what extent do you agree or disagree that the Emergency Manager Law is undemocratic?

Major Tags: State Government | community and social issues
Related Topics: State oversight | State policies | Emergency manager law
see tables
Fall 2016Q16cTo what extent do you agree or disagree that the Emergency Manager Law is racially discriminatory (by design, or as implemented)?

Major Tags: State Government | community and social issues
Related Topics: State oversight | State policies | Emergency manager law
see tables
Fall 2016Q16fTo what extent do you agree or disagree that the Emergency Manager Law leads to an overemphasis on cost-cutting at the expense of service quality, public health and safety, or other important considerations?

Major Tags: State Government | community and social issues
Related Topics: State oversight | State policies | Emergency manager law
see tables
Fall 2016Q20We want to start by getting a very broad sense of citizen engagement with your local government. How would you describe current levels of citizen engagement with your jurisdiction? Overall, would you say citizens in your jurisdiction are

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q22aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? We make opportunities for engagement available, but our citizens rarely take advantage of them.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2016Q22bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? Some of our best engagement with citizens happens informally around the community (such as at the grocery store or in a restaurant, etc.).

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Outreach | Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2016Q22cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? Most citizens we hear from are more interested in complaining than in finding solutions.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2016Q22eTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? Most citizens aren't willing to take the time to become well-informed on issues facing the jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2016Q22gTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? Citizens tend to only be engaged on issues that affect them directly and not on issues affecting the community overall.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2016Q22iTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement? We struggle to find enough citizens to serve on our jurisdiction's appointed boards/commissions or elected offices.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q23Citizens are often asked on opinion surveys how much trust they have in their government. Now we'd like to ask you, as a local official, about trust you have in your jurisdiction's citizens. In terms of their engagement in your jurisdiction's policymaking and/or operations, how much of the time do you think you can trust the citizens in your community to be responsible participants?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q24aOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum from low engagement to high engagement. At the low end, citizen engagement would focus just on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the high end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the issue, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance? The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens believe the role of citizen engagement is to

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q24bOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum from low engagement to high engagement. At the low end, citizen engagement would focus just on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the high end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the issue, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance? You personally believe the role of citizen engagement is to

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q25Now thinking about particularly controversial issues, who do you think should have the final say on the most controversial issues in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2016Q26Overall, how satisfied are you regarding citizen engagement in your jurisdiction's policymaking and/or operations today?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Spring 2016Q17Which of the following best describes how drinking water is provided in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q18To the best of your knowledge, which of the following best describes the source(s) of the shared drinking water system(s) in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19aTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Threats to water source quality / safety

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19bTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Inadequate volume / low water tables

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19cTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Compliance with state and/or federal regulations

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19dTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Presence of lead in on-premises plumbing (e.g., faucets, solder)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19eTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Presence of lead in pipes connecting customers to the system(s)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19fTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Aging / breaking pipes in the shared water supply system(s)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q19gTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Affordability / delinquency on water bills

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Taxes | Water | Tax delinquencies and foreclosures
see tables
Spring 2016Q19hTo what extent - if any - are each of the following currently problems for drinking water provision in your jurisdiction? Other

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q20Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's role, if any, in the shared water system?

Major Tags: Finance Budget and Operations | Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q21In your opinion, how would you rate the overall current condition of drinking water infrastructure (such as treatment plant, distribution pipes, etc.) in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q22To what degree would you say the overall condition of drinking water systems in your jurisdiction has improved or deteriorated over the last decade?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q23aTo what extent, if any, is the current condition of the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction a topic of discussion among your jurisdiction's Board/Council?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Spring 2016Q23bTo what extent, if any, is the current condition of the drinking water infrastructure in your jurisdiction a topic of discussion among your jurisdiction's citizens?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Infrastructure conditions | Water
see tables
Fall 2015Q19aThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Arson

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19bThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Wildfires

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19cThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Other fires

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19dThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Hazardous material incidents

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19eThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Traffic accidents

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19fThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Other medical emergencies

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q19gThinking about fire and medical issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Distance to the nearest hospital

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q20aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about fire services in your jurisdiction? Most people feel confident that fire services will arrive in time to handle a fire.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q20bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about fire services in your jurisdiction? The fire services in my jurisdiction are more effective now than they were 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Fire services
see tables
Fall 2015Q21aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about emergency medical response in your jurisdiction? Most people feel confident that first responders will arrive in time to handle a medical emergency.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q21bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about emergency medical response in your jurisdiction? The EMS services in my jurisdiction are more effective now than they were 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | EMS services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22aThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Violent crimes (e.g., rape, assault, homicide, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22bThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Property crimes (e.g., burglary, vandalism, identity theft, embezzlement, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22cThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Drug crimes (e.g., possession, manufacturing, distribution, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22dThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Public-order offenses (e.g., DUI, weapons violations, disorderly conduct, traffic violations, etc.)

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q22eThinking about law enforcement issues, to what extent, if any, would you say the following are currently (or have recently been) problems in your jurisdiction? Crime overall in your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service demand | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Most people feel safe in my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Public perceptions of crime in my jurisdiction have a negative effect on economic development and/or tourism.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Public perceptions of crime in my jurisdiction are contributing to a decline in residential population.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? People generally feel confident that law enforcement will arrive in time to handle an emergency in my jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23eTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? Inappropriate use of force by law enforcement in my jurisdiction is (or has recently been) an issue.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q23fTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about crime and law enforcement in your jurisdiction? The primary law enforcement agency that serves my jurisdiction is more effective now than it was 5 years ago.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? Most people in my jurisdiction trust the law enforcement officers.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? A significant number of people in my jurisdiction are hostile towards law enforcement officers.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q25cTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? Most law enforcement officers in my jurisdiction treat all people professionally regardless of their race, ethnicity, gender, or other characteristics.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q25dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements about the relationship between community members and law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction? A significant number of law enforcement officers in my jurisdiction are overly strict in enforcing the law.

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q26aThinking about the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction, overall, how would you describe the relationship today between community members and the law enforcement officers?

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q26bThinking about the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction, overall, how would you describe the relationship today between your Board/Council and the law enforcement agency?

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27aTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have a citizen task force that advises the law enforcement agency

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Citizen engagement | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27bTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Conduct citizen satisfaction surveys

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Citizen engagement | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27cTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Proactively make agency policies available for public review (e.g., on agency website)

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Outreach | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27dTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27eTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q27fTo the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used? Have a law enforcement workforce that reflects the racial make-up of your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q28In the past year, there have been a number of high-profile incidents of civil unrest across the country, often revolving around police use of force, as in Ferguson, Missouri, and Baltimore, Maryland. How concerned are you that a major incident of civil unrest connected to police use of force could happen in your jurisdiction in the near future?

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q29aTo what extent, if any, do you think recent high-profile incidents of police-community violence such as those in Ferguson and Baltimore have lowered the morale of law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q29bTo what extent, if any, do you think recent high-profile incidents of police-community violence such as those in Ferguson and Baltimore have lowered the level of community trust toward law enforcement officers that serve your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2015Q30aRecently, there has been national attention on the transfer of military equipment (e.g., body armor, armored vehicles, etc.) to local law enforcement agencies. In general, do you support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having this type of equipment: in your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q30bRecently, there has been national attention on the transfer of military equipment (e.g., body armor, armored vehicles, etc.) to local law enforcement agencies. In general, do you support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having this type of equipment: in other communities across the state

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32aSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? The majority of your jurisdiction

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32bSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? The leaders of the primary law enforcement agency that serves your jurisdiction think

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2015Q32cSome people think that in order to prevent crime, it is important for law enforcement agencies to maximize surveillance, as through the use of dashboard cameras, body cameras, and public surveillance, even if this threatens personal privacy. Others think it is more important to ensure personal privacy, even if that might raise the risk of crime. How do you think the following groups or individuals feel about the trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety? You personally in your role as a local official think

Major Tags: Services | Public Safety | community and social issues
Related Topics: Service provision | Police services
see tables
Fall 2014q27In 2010, "Complete Streets" legislation gave project planning and coordination responsibilities to local governments and the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) to develop "roadways planned, designed, and constructed to provide appropriate access to all legal users...whether by car, truck, transit, assistive device, foot or bicycle." How familiar are you with the Complete Streets initiative?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | State policies | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q28Which of the following best describes your jurisdiction's approach to Complete Streets policies?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | State policies | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29aWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Quality of life

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29bWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Cost-effectiveness of road spending

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29cWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Economic development

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29dWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Traffic congestion

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29eWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Pedestrian and/or cyclist safety

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q29fWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your jurisdiction: Your jurisdiction's relationship with the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT)

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2014q30Overall, would you say that, in your role as a local official, you support or oppose pursuing Complete Streets policies in your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Roads | Transportation | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q13In 2010, "Complete Streets" legislation gave project planning and coordination responsibilities to local governments and the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) to develop "roadways planned, designed, and constructed to provide appropriate access to all legal users...whether by car, truck, transit, assistive device, foot or bicycle." How familiar are you with the Complete Streets initiative? [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | State policies | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q14Which of the following best describes your county's approach to Complete Streets policies? [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15aWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Quality of life [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15bWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Cost-effectiveness of road spending [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15cWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Economic development [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15dWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Traffic congestion [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15eWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Pedestrian and/or cyclist safety [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Roads | Transportation | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q15fWhat overall impact, if any, do you believe Complete Streets policies have or would have on each of the following in your county: Your county road commission's/road department's relationship with the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues | Governmental Relations | State Government
Related Topics: Roads | Community development | Complete streets
see tables
Fall* 2014Q16Overall, would you say that, in your role as a county road commission/road department official, you support or oppose pursuing Complete Streets policies in your county? [*Note: These data are from the Fall 2014 supplemental survey]

Major Tags: Services | Infrastructure | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Roads | Transportation | Complete streets
see tables
Fall 2013Q7aWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Small, individual-use wind turbines within your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q7bWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Larger, utility-scale wind turbines within your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q7cWind energy is becoming more common in Michigan, including the use of small wind turbines for individual homes or businesses as well as the installation of larger, utility-scale turbines, and wind farms with numerous turbines. As far as you know, in your area, are there currently any of the following kinds of wind turbines and/or efforts to add or expand them: Larger, utility-scale wind turbines in neighboring jurisdictions that may impact your jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q8As far as you know, in the last few years have there been any proposals that did not move forward regarding the development of any kind of turbines in your jurisdiction (or in neighboring jurisdictions that may have impacted your jurisdiction)?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q9To what extent, if at all, would you say current or potential wind turbines within your jurisdiction are a topic of discussion, either in the community at large or within your jurisdiction's government?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10aWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's Council/Board.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10bWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q10cWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of wind turbines in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of wind turbines in general within your jurisdiction: You as a jurisdiction official.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11aHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Offer tax or other incentives.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11bHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: A local moratorium and/or ban on wind turbines.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11cHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Other local ordinances and/or zoning codes.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q11dHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Intergovernmental agreements with neighboring jurisdictions.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12aWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Potential visual or noise impacts

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12bWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Road construction, use, damage, etc.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12cWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Impact on property values

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12dWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Community organizations active on wind energy issues

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12eWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Business proposals to establish wind farms or utility-scale turbines

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12fWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Connecting turbines to the electrical grid

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12gWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Local job creation and/or economic development

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12hWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Revenue for land-owners

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12iWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Local property tax revenue

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12jWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Depreciation tables for wind turbines set by the State Tax Commission

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12kWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Preservation of farmland

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q12lWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any wind turbines, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines within your jurisdiction: Wind speed and reliability

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Energy | Wind power
see tables
Fall 2013Q15Now we want to turn to issues of oil and natural gas extraction in Michigan. Of course, Michigan has a long history of oil and gas extraction by traditional methods of drilling wells vertically. As far as you know, is there any history of oil or gas extractions using traditional methods within your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Energy sources
see tables
Fall 2013Q16Recent attention has focused on the extraction of natural gas through hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling of underground shale deposits, using high volumes of fluid to break the rock. This is sometimes called "fracking," and we use these terms interchangeably throughout this section to refer to high-volume hydraulic fracturing. How familiar would you say you are with hydraulic fracturing?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q17aAs far as you know, in your area, are there currently any hydraulic fracturing operations used for extracting natural gas and/or efforts to add or expand such fracking operations within your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q17bAs far as you know, in your area, are there currently any hydraulic fracturing operations used for extracting natural gas and/or efforts to add or expand such fracking operations in neighboring jurisdictions that may impact your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q18As far as you know, in the last few years have there been any proposals that did not move forward regarding fracking operations within your jurisdiction (or in neighboring jurisdictions that may have impacted your jurisdiction)?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q19To what extent, if at all, would you say current or potential fracking within your jurisdiction is a topic of discussion, either in the community at large or within your jurisdiction's government?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20aWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's Council/Board.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20bWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q20cWe are interested in sources of support or opposition to the use of hydraulic fracturing in your community. In your opinion, do the following people or groups either support or oppose the use of fracking in your jurisdiction: You as a jurisdiction official.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21aHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Offer tax or other incentives.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21bHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: A local moratorium and/or ban on hydraulic fracturing.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21cHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Other local ordinances and/or zoning codes.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q21dHas your jurisdiction adopted, or is it likely to adopt, any tax or other incentives, moratoria, ordinances or zoning codes, etc., that attempt to promote, restrict, or simply regulate hydraulic fracturing in your jurisdiction: Intergovernmental agreements with neighboring jurisdictions.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22aWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Local job creation and/or economic development

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22bWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Lower energy prices

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22cWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential environmental damage linked to fracking operations, such as spills, leaks, etc.

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22dWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential environmental benefits from cleaner-burning natural gas instead of coal

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22eWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential risks to citizens' health

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22fWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Potential risks to water resources

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22gWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Impact on property values

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22hWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Community organizations active on fracking issues

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22iWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Business proposals to establish hydraulic fracturing operations

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22jWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Federal or state regulations

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22kWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Revenue for land-owners

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22lWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Local property tax revenue

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22mWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction: Preservation of farmland

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q22nWe're interested in factors that may be encouraging or discouraging the use of hydraulic fracturing in jurisdictions across the state now or in the last few years. Whether or not your community currently has any fracking operations, to what degree would you say the following items have been encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking within your jurisdiction? Availability of underground shale gas deposits

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Energy | Environment | Fracking
see tables
Fall 2013Q26Some local governments engage in sustainability planning while others do not. Sustainability is often defined as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It often tries to balance environmental, economic, and social goals or issues. Sustainability planning can encompass a wide range of things, from stand-alone plans to sustainability goals integrated into master plans or zoning plans, efforts to incorporate such planning across multiple departments or activities, and so on. As far as you know, does your jurisdiction engage in sustainability planning, and if so, how extensively?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2013Q28Do you agree or disagree that promoting environmental sustainability and the concept of "being green" are important aspects of local government leadership?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Spring 2013Q42Is your local government currently engaged in or planning any placemaking efforts for economic development purposes?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43aSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Historic preservation and adaptive re-use.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43bSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Mixed-use developments (e.g., buildings that include a combination of retail, commercial, and residential space).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43cSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Attractive city centers, storefronts, and public gathering spaces.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43dSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Anchor businesses located along corridors, nodes, or in center districts.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43eSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Public transit accessibility.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Transportation | Transit | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43fSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Assistance for entrepreneurs and/or small businesses (e.g., incubator space, services, etc.).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43gSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Arts and cultural amenities or events.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43hSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Environmentally-friendly construction (e.g., LEED-certified).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Environment | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43iSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Green/open spaces, trails, and bike paths.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43jSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Bicycle-friendly/walkability (complete streets).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Infrastructure | Complete Streets | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43kSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Local food opportunities (e.g., farmers' markets, food stands, etc.).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q43lSome people consider the elements in the following list to be placemaking efforts, others may not. Whether or not you consider them placemaking, which of the following, if any, are your jurisdiction pursuing for economic development or any other purpose? Form-based codes (alternative regulations to conventional zoning that emphasize building form over land use to create uniform or predictable public spaces).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q44aRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective is placemaking, or could it be, as an economic development strategy for your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q44bRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective is placemaking, or could it be, as an economic development strategy for other jurisdictions around the state?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45aRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Historic preservation and adaptive re-use.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45bRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Mixed-use developments.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45cRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Attractive city centers, storefronts, and public gathering spaces.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45dRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Anchor businesses located along corridors, nodes, or in center districts.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45eRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Public transit accessibility.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Transportation | Transit | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45fRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Assistance for entrepreneurs and/or small businesses.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45gRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Arts and cultural amenities or events.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45hRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Environmentally-friendly construction.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Environment | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45iRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Green/open spaces, trails, and bike paths.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45jRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Bicycle-friendly/walkability (complete streets).

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Infrastructure | Complete Streets | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45kRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Local food opportunities.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q45lRegardless of whether you have any placemaking efforts underway, please indicate, in your opinion, how effective or ineffective the following are, or could be, in your jurisdiction for economic development purposes: Form-based codes.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2013Q47aNow we're interested in learning more about your views on the connection between placemaking and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship refers to organizing, managing, or assuming the risk for a business or enterprise. Examples of entrepreneurship might include an investor creating a new product or enhancing a current product, a farmer bringing crops to market, or a small business start-up occupying an empty storefront. Again, whether or not your jurisdiction is currently engaged in any placemaking efforts, in your opinion, to what extent does your jurisdiction currently have entrepreneurial activity?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development,Development conditions | Placemaking | Entrepreneurship
see tables
Spring 2013Q47bNow we're interested in learning more about your views on the connection between placemaking and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship refers to organizing, managing, or assuming the risk for a business or enterprise. Examples of entrepreneurship might include an investor creating a new product or enhancing a current product, a farmer bringing crops to market, or a small business start-up occupying an empty storefront. Again, whether or not your jurisdiction is currently engaged in any placemaking efforts, in your opinion, to what extent does place-based economic development influence where entrepreneurs choose to launch and grow their businesses?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Development conditions | Placemaking | Entrepreneurship | Business conditions
see tables
Spring 2013Q47cNow we're interested in learning more about your views on the connection between placemaking and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship refers to organizing, managing, or assuming the risk for a business or enterprise. Examples of entrepreneurship might include an investor creating a new product or enhancing a current product, a farmer bringing crops to market, or a small business start-up occupying an empty storefront. Again, whether or not your jurisdiction is currently engaged in any placemaking efforts, in your opinion, to what extent would increased entrepreneurial activity help your jurisdiction make places where people want to live, work, and play?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Development conditions | Placemaking | Entrepreneurship
see tables
Spring 2013Q47dNow we're interested in learning more about your views on the connection between placemaking and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship refers to organizing, managing, or assuming the risk for a business or enterprise. Examples of entrepreneurship might include an investor creating a new product or enhancing a current product, a farmer bringing crops to market, or a small business start-up occupying an empty storefront. Again, whether or not your jurisdiction is currently engaged in any placemaking efforts, in your opinion, to what extent (if your jurisdiction does placemaking) is fostering entrepreneurship a specific part of your jurisdiction's placemaking efforts?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Development conditions | Placemaking | Entrepreneurship
see tables
Spring 2013Q48dWhich of the following, if any, do you believe are obstacles to entrepreneurship in your community: Lack of cultural amenities.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development conditions | Entrepreneurship
see tables
Spring 2013Q48eWhich of the following, if any, do you believe are obstacles to entrepreneurship in your community: Lack of late night entertainment.

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development conditions | Entrepreneurship
see tables
Spring 2013Q49How familiar, if at all, are you with the "MIplace Partnership Initiative" (or the website MIplace.org), a public-private effort to create more jobs, attract and retain talented workers, and raise incomes - at least in part - through targeted local and regional placemaking activities?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Fall 2012Q2We want to start by getting a very broad sense of citizen engagement with your local government. How would you describe citizen engagement - whatever that means to you - with your jurisdiction? Overall, would you say citizens in your jurisdiction are...

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q10aRecently, has there been one (or more) particular issue(s) facing your jurisdiction that generated a significant increase in citizen engagement with your local government? Yes, this year

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2012Q10bRecently, has there been one (or more) particular issue(s) facing your jurisdiction that generated a significant increase in citizen engagement with your local government? Yes, a few years ago

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2012Q10cRecently, has there been one (or more) particular issue(s) facing your jurisdiction that generated a significant increase in citizen engagement with your local government? No, not in the last few years

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2012Q14aTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: In our jurisdiction's policymaking processes, any citizen who wants to express an opinion has a chance to do so.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels | Outreach
see tables
Fall 2012Q14bTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: We make opportunities for engagement available, but our citizens rarely take advantage of them.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q14dTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: Some of our best engagement with citizens happens informally around the community (such as at the grocery store or in a restaurant, etc.).

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Outreach
see tables
Fall 2012Q14eTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: Our meetings run too long because too many citizens want to speak.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q14hTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: Most citizens aren't willing to take the time to become well-informed on issues facing the jurisdiction.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q14jTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: Most citizens we hear from are more interested in complaining than in finding solutions.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q14kTo what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following general statements about citizen engagement: Our jurisdiction's engagement efforts mostly attract the same people over and over.

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q15Citizens are often asked on opinion surveys how much trust they have in their government. Now we'd like to ask you, as a local official, about trust you have in your jurisdiction's citizens. In terms of their engagement in your jurisdiction's policymaking and/or operations, how much of the time do you think you can trust the citizens in your community to be responsible participants?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q16Would you say that most citizens who are engaged in your jurisdiction's policymaking processes are generally looking out only for themselves or that they want decisions made for the benefit of the community overall?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q17Thinking about controversial issues in your community, in general, who do you think should have the final say on your jurisdiction's most controversial decisions - citizens or public officials?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q18aOverall, thinking about relationships between people in your community and the tone of discussions that take place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction: Between public officials themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Intragovernmental relations | Civic discourse
see tables
Fall 2012Q18bOverall, thinking about relationships between people in your community and the tone of discussions that take place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction: Between public officials and citizens

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse
see tables
Fall 2012Q18cOverall, thinking about relationships between people in your community and the tone of discussions that take place around local policy issues, how would you describe the general state of public discourse between the following groups within your jurisdiction: Between citizens themselves

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Civic discourse | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q19aThinking in general about how things have changed in your jurisdiction over the last ten years or so - if at all - how are citizens' interactions with your local government different now than they were before: Are citizens more or less informed about your jurisdiction's work?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q19bThinking in general about how things have changed in your jurisdiction over the last ten years or so - if at all - how are citizens' interactions with your local government different now than they were before: Are citizens more or less engaged in your jurisdiction's work?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q19cThinking in general about how things have changed in your jurisdiction over the last ten years or so - if at all - how are citizens' interactions with your local government different now than they were before: Is political discourse about local issues more or less civil?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Engagement levels | Civic discourse
see tables
Fall 2012Q20aOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum. At one end, citizen engagement would focus only on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the other end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. In between would be increasing levels of citizen input in the decisions made by the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the topic, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance: The majority of your jurisdiction's Council/Board believe the role of citizen engagement is to...

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q20bOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum. At one end, citizen engagement would focus only on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the other end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. In between would be increasing levels of citizen input in the decisions made by the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the topic, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance: The majority of your jurisdiction's employees believe the role of citizen engagement is to...

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q20cOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum. At one end, citizen engagement would focus only on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the other end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. In between would be increasing levels of citizen input in the decisions made by the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the topic, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance: The majority of your jurisdiction's citizens believe the role of citizen engagement is to...

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q20dOne way of thinking about the proper role for citizen engagement in local policymaking is along a spectrum. At one end, citizen engagement would focus only on keeping citizens informed about issues. At the other end, citizens would actually make decisions for the jurisdiction. In between would be increasing levels of citizen input in the decisions made by the jurisdiction. While it might differ depending on the topic, in general, what do you think the following people believe is the proper role for citizen engagement in local governance: You personally believe the role of citizen engagement is to...

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels | Trust in citizens
see tables
Fall 2012Q24Overall, how satisfied do you believe your citizens are with their engagement in your jurisdiction's policymaking and/or operations today?

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Engagement levels
see tables
Fall 2012Q29jWhich of the following - if any - have discouraged your jurisdiction's use of technology for citizen engagement? Concerns that unrepresentative people or groups would dominate citizen input

Major Tags: Citizen Engagement | community and social issues
Related Topics: Trust in citizens | Technology
see tables
Spring 2012Q45aFirst, in your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: College

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q45bFirst, in your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: The job market in your region

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q45cFirst, in your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: Jobs in the global economy

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q46aIn your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of: Elementary school achievement

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q46bIn your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of: High school achievement

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q46cIn your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of: College enrollment

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47aFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: Charter Schools

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47bFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: The Michigan Merit Curriculum

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47cFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: Rigorous teacher evaluation based on student performance

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47dFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: Cyberschools or other forms of virtual learning

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47eFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q47fFor your community, what impact do you believe the following strategies, programs, or laws have had-or would have-on the academic achievement of K-12 students: Another school accountability system (instead of No Child Left Behind)

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Spring 2012Q48Are you familiar with the high school graduation requirements included in the Michigan Merit Curriculum (MMC) that was adopted several years ago?

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2010Q25aSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices :Improving energy efficiency in your government facilities (such as lighting, insulation, or HVAC upgrades, anti-idling policies for municipal fleets, etc.)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25bSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Changing your jurisdiction's work practices (such as water conservation, thermostat regulation, etc.)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25cSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices :Programs targeted at residents (such as recycling programs, promoting home weatherization, etc.)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25dSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Programs targeted at local businesses (such as rebates to businesses that cut consumption, commercial recycling, formal recognition of green practices, etc.)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q25eSome local governments are adopting policies and practices to meet their jurisdictions' energy demands while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of energy use. In your opinion, in the next 12 months, how likely or unlikely is it that your jurisdiction will adopt the following types of policies and practices: Developing or purchasing alternative energy sources (such as employing solar panels or wind turbines)

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2010Q26Do you agree or disagree that promoting environmental sustainability and the concept of "being green" are important aspects of local government leadership?

Major Tags: Energy and Environment | community and social issues
Related Topics: Environment | Sustainability
see tables
Fall 2009Q8aIn your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: College

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q8bIn your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: The job market in your region

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q8cIn your opinion, how good of a job does your local K-12 education system do in preparing students for college, the job market in your region, and jobs in the global economy: Jobs in the global economy

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | Human capital | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q9a In your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of elementary school achievement, high school achievement, and college enrollment: Elementary school achievement

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q9b In your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of elementary school achievement, high school achievement, and college enrollment: High school achievement

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q9c In your opinion, how do students in your community compare with others in the state in terms of elementary school achievement, high school achievement, and college enrollment: College enrollment

Major Tags: Services | community and social issues
Related Topics: Education | K12 education
see tables
Fall 2009Q20aOne issue facing some communities in Michigan is young people (35 years and younger) leaving the community. This is often referred to as "brain drain." How much "brain drain" is occurring in your community among the following groups: High school graduates who do not return after college

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Human capital | Workforce development
see tables
Fall 2009Q20bOne issue facing some communities in Michigan is young people (35 years and younger) leaving the community. This is often referred to as "brain drain." How much "brain drain" is occurring in your community among the following groups: Younger members of the local workforce (~18-35) who move away

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Human capital | Workforce development
see tables
Spring 2009Q12Is your unit of government currently engaged in any placemaking programs or projects for economic development purposes?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables
Spring 2009Q14Regardless of whether you have any placemaking projects underway, how confident are you that placemaking can be an effective economic development strategy for your jurisdiction?

Major Tags: Economic Development | community and social issues
Related Topics: Development strategies | Community development | Placemaking
see tables

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