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The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)
  • Cross-listing of Questions and Topics Investigated in Multiple Surveys
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    The table below provides a cross-listing of questions that have been asked multiple times across MPPS survey waves, providing easy access to longitudinal data. Please note: question text, format, and response options sometimes change over time. Consult the survey questionnaires for exact question text in any given year.

    The MPPS has covered many additional topics since 2009. For a complete list of topics covered by the MPPS, see the topics table for each survey.

    Table of Contents

    MPPS Tracking Items
    Finance, Budget, and Operations
    Fiscal Health Data by Year
    Good or bad times in the coming year? 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Better or less able to meet jurisdiction's needs this fiscal year than last year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Better or less able to meet jurisdiction's needs next fiscal year than this year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Current Fiscal Stress Index 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Expected Fiscal Stress Index in 5 years 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Changes from the Last Fiscal Year to the Current Fiscal Year Data by Year
    Change in jurisdiction's revenue from property taxes 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's revenue from fees for services, licenses, transfers, etc. 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in amount of jurisdiction's amount of debt 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's ability to repay its debt 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's revenue from local income taxes 2009
    Change in amount of federal aid to jurisdiction 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in amount of state aid to jurisdiction 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's tax delinquencies 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's population 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Change in jurisdiction's amount of home foreclosures 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's public safety needs 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's infrastructure needs 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's human service needs 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's general government operations needs 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's number of employees 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's pay rates for employee wages and salaries 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's cost of employee pensions 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's cost of current employee health benefits 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Change in jurisdiction's cost of retired employee health benefits 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Expected Changes from Current Fiscal Year to Next Fiscal Year Data by Year
    Projected change in property tax rates 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in charges for fees, licenses, etc. 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in reliance on general fund balance 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in reliance on "rainy day" funds 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in amount of services provided 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in actual public safety spending 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in actual infrastructure spending 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in actual human services spending 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in actual general government operations spending 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in funding for economic development programs 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in amount of debt 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in sale of public assets 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in privatizing or contracting out services 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in number and/or scope of interlocal agreements or other cost-sharing plans with other governments 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in jurisdiction's workforce hiring 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Projected change in jurisdiction's workforce layoffs 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Projected change in jurisdiction's not filling vacant positions 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Projected change in jurisdiction's number of employees 2016
    Projected change in jurisdiction's employee pay rates 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in jurisdiction's employees' share of premiums, deductibles and/or co-pays on health insurance 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in jurisdiction's employees' share of contributions to retirement funds 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Projected change in jurisdiction's retirees' share of premiums, deductibles and/or co-pays on health insurance 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Budgeting Processes, General Fund Balance, Cash Flow Data by Year
    Jurisdiction does formal single-year or multi-year budgeting 2010 2011 2012 2014
    Likelihood that jurisdiction will adopt formal multi-year budgeting in the next 12 months 2011 2012 2014
    Jurisdiction had to make significant mid-year adjustments because expenditures were higher than expected 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction had to make significant mid-year adjustments because revenues were lower than expected 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction did not have to make any significant mid-year adjustments 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction's unreserved general fund balance as a percentage of general fund expenditures last year 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Assessment of level of jurisdiction's unreserved general fund balance 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Assessment of jurisdiction's cash flow and ability to pay its bills 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    Were general fund revenues higher or lower than originally budgeted? 2015
    Were general fund expenditures higher or lower than originally budgeted? 2015
    Services: elimination; taxes vs. services; satisfaction with services Data by Year
    Jurisdiction completely eliminated service(s) this year that are now no longer provided at all 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction completely eliminated service(s) this year that are now provided by another entity 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction did not completely eliminate service(s) this year 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction plans to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year and no longer provide it at all 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction plans to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year that will be provided by another entity 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction does not plan to completely eliminate service(s) in coming year 2011 2012 2013
    Would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2010
    For police services: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For fire services: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For parks/recreation/libraries: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For roads: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For public transportation/transit: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For economic development: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For utilities/water/sewer/lighting: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For general operations: would citizens choose higher taxes to avoid service cuts, or service cuts to avoid higher taxes? 2012 2016
    For the majority of jurisdiction's citizens: how satisfied are they with the jurisdiction's current package of services? 2012 2016
    For the majority of jurisdiction's council/board: how satisfied are they with the jurisdiction's current package of services? 2012 2016
    For the majority of jurisdiction's business leaders: how satisfied are they with the jurisdiction's current package of services? 2012
    For survey respondent (local government leader) him/herself: how satisfied are they with the jurisdiction's current package of services? 2012 2016
    Workforce
    Employee Pay Rates Data by Year
    Are employee pay rates too high, about right, not high enough? 2010
    For new hires: are employee pay rates too high, about right, not high enough? 2011 2014
    For current employees: are employee pay rates too high, about right, not high enough? 2011 2014
    For current elected officials: are pay rates too high, about right, not high enough? 2014
    Employee Fringe Benefits Data by Year
    For new hires: does jurisdiction provide employee fringe benefits? 2011 2012 2013 2014
    For current employees: does jurisdiction provide employee fringe benefits? 2011 2012 2013 2014
    For current elected officials: does jurisdiction provide employee fringe benefits? 2012 2013 2014
    Are employee fringe benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough? 2010
    For new hires: are employee fringe benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough? 2011 2014
    For current employees: are employee fringe benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough? 2011 2014
    For current elected officials: are employee fringe benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough? 2014
    Are employee contributions to health care costs too high, about right, not high enough? 2010
    For new hires: are employee contributions to health care costs too high, about right, not high enough? 2011 2014
    For current employees: are employee contributions to health care costs too high, about right, not high enough? 2011 2014
    For current elected officials: are elected officials' contributions to health care costs too high, about right, not high enough? 2014
    Does Jurisdiction Offer Retirement Income Benefits? Data by Year
    For new hires: does jurisdiction offer retirement income benefits? 2011 2012 2013
    For current employees: does jurisdiction offer retirement income benefits? 2011 2012 2013
    For current retirees: does jurisdiction offer retirement income benefits? 2011 2012 2013
    For current elected officials: does jurisdiction offer retirement income benefits? 2012 2013
    For former elected officials: does jurisdiction offer retirement income benefits? 2012 2013
    Does jurisdiction offer any retirement income benefits? 2015
    Types of Retirement Income Plans Offered Data by Year
    Does jurisdiction offer defined benefit plan, defined contribution, both, neither? 2010
    Does jurisdiction offer only a defined benefit plan? 2011 2012 2013
    Does jurisdiction offer only a defined contribution plan? 2011 2012 2013
    Does jurisdiction offer both a defined contribution and defined benefit plan? 2011 2012 2013
    Does jurisdiction offer both a hybrid (features of both defined contribution and defined benefit plans)? 2011 2012 2013
    For new hires: types of retirement income plans offered 2015
    For current employees: types of retirement income plans offered 2015
    For retired employees: types of retirement income plans offered 2015
    For current elected officials: types of retirement income plans offered 2015
    For former elected officials: types of retirement income plans offered 2015
    How likely is it jurisdiction will offer a defined contribution plan and/or a hybrid plan? 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Pension Debt Data by Year
    Does jurisdiction have fiscal obligations from offering defined benefit plans 2011 2013
    Are defined benefit plan obligations a problem for jurisdiction's fiscal health? 2010 2011 2013 2015
    Retiree Health Care/OPEB Debt Data by Year
    Does jurisdiction have fiscal obligations from providing OPEB/retiree health care OPEB? Are OPEB obligations fully funded? 2011 2013 2015
    Are retiree health care/OPEB obligations a problem for jurisdiction's fiscal health? 2010 2011 2013 2015
    OPEB: Post-Employment Fringe Benefits Offered Data by Year
    For new hires: does jurisdiction offer health care or other OPEB benefits 2011 2012 2013 2015
    For current employees: does jurisdiction offer health care or other OPEB benefits 2011 2012 2013 2015
    For current retirees: does jurisdiction offer health care or other OPEB benefits 2011 2012 2013 2015
    For current elected officials: does jurisdiction offer health care or other OPEB benefits 2012 2013 2015
    For former elected officials: does jurisdiction offer health care or other OPEB benefits 2012 2013 2015
    For new hires: are retirement health care benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough 2015
    For current employees: are retirement health care benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough 2015
    For retired employees: are retirement health care benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough 2015
    For current elected officials: are retirement health care benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough 2015
    For former elected officials: are retirement health care benefits too generous, about right, not generous enough 2015
    Actions Taken on Post-Employment Benefit Liabilities Data by Year
    Jurisdiction in the process of or has completed an actuarial study to determine/quantify liability 2010 2011 2015
    Jurisdiction increased cost-sharing for retirees 2010 2011 2015
    Jurisdiction negotiated with unions to reduce benefits 2011
    Jurisdiction negotiated with unions to change benefits 2010
    Jurisdiction reduced non-union benefits 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction increased the age at which retirement benefits are available 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction increased the years of service required to receive retirement benefits 2010 2011
    Jurisdiction age and/or years of service required to receive retirement benefits 2015
    Jurisdiction financed liability through bonds 2010 2011 2015
    Reduced or eliminated benefits for spouses and/or dependents 2015
    Introduced less expensive health care and/or prescription plan options 2015
    Implemented a wellness plan 2015
    Converted to a defined contribution/stipend in place of a defined benefit health plan 2015
    Introduced a retirement health savings account (HSA) option 2015
    Created or joined a qualified health care trust 2015
    Transferred retiree health care management to a Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association (VEBA) 2015
    Furloughs and Four-day Work Weeks Data by Year
    Jurisdiction utilized employee furloughs this year 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction utilized a four-day work week this year 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction utilized early retirement incentives or buyouts this year 2011 2012 2013
    Jurisdiction utilized reduced pay rates and/or benefits packages for new hires compared to current employees this year 2011 2012 2013
    Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize employee furloughs next year 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize a four-day work week next year 2010 2011 2012 2013
    Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize early retirement incentives or buyouts next year 2011 2012 2013
    Likelihood that jurisdiction will utilize reduced pay rates and/or benefits packages for new hires compared to current employees next year 2011 2012 2013
    Unions Data by Year
    Should Public Act 312 (which requires binding arbitration after an impasse in negotiations with a public safety union) be repealed, amended, or remain as it is? 2009
    Has Public Act 312 (which requires binding arbitration after an impasse in negotiations with a public safety union) had a direct impact on jurisdiction? 2009
    Has jurisdiction negotiated with a union to change Other Post Employment Benefits (OPEB) benefits? 2010
    Has jurisdiction negotiated with unions to reduce benefits, to address GASB 45 accounting provisions? 2011
    Are any jurisdiction employees members of a labor union? 2011 2012 2013
    Percentage of jurisdiction employees that are members of a labor union 2011
    How many unions represent jurisdiction's employees? 2011
    Have unions been asset, liability, or neither to jurisdiction's fiscal health? 2011 2012 2013
    Have unions been asset, liability, or neither to jurisdiction's overall performance? 2011 2012 2013
    Relationship between jurisdiction's administration and its employee unions 2011 2012 2013
    Has jurisdiction negotiated with its employee unions in last 12 months on issues such as pay, benefits, staffing levels, or work rules? 2012 2013
    Outcomes of union negotiations on employee pay 2012 2013
    Outcomes of union negotiations on employee benefits 2012 2013
    Outcomes of union negotiations on employee staffing levels 2012 2013
    Outcomes of union negotiations on employee work rules 2012 2013
    Satisfaction with union negotiations 2012 2013
    Likelihood of seeking concessions from unions in next 12 months 2012 2013
    Does jurisdiction have a police officer's union? 2013
    Does jurisdiction have a firefighter's union? 2013
    Does jurisdiction have a department of public works union? 2013
    Does jurisdiction have an employee union other than police, fire, and department of public works? 2013
    How familiar is respondent with Michigan's Right-to-Work legislation? 2013
    Does majority of jurisdiction's council/board support or oppose Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    Does majority of jurisdiction's non-union employees support or oppose Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    Does majority of jurisdiction's union employees support or oppose Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose exemption for police and firefighter unions from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    What impact on Michigan's economy does respondent expect from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    What impact on jurisdiction's fiscal health does respondent expect from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    What impact on jurisdiction's ability to attract/retain businesses does respondent expect from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    What impact on jurisdiction's ability to attract/retain desired employees does respondent expect from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    What impact on jurisdiction's relationship with employee unions does respondent expect from Michigan's Right-to-Work legislations? 2013
    Performance Evaluations
    Trust in Government Data by Year
    Trust in the Federal Government 2009 2013 2016
    Trust in the State Government 2009 2013 2016
    Trust in other Local Governments 2009 2013 2016
    State Officials Trust in Local Governments 2016
    Right Direction vs. Wrong Track Data by Year
    For the state of Michigan: are things going in right direction, or are they off on the wrong track 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    For the own jurisdiction: are things going in right direction, or are they off on the wrong track 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    Job Approval for Governor, Legislature, State Agencies Data by Year
    For the Governor: job approval ratings 2009 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    For the State Legislature: job approval ratings 2009 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
    For own Jurisdiction's Governing Board: job approval ratings 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
    For Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Community Health: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Economic Development Corporation: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Environmental Quality: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Natural Resources: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Human Services: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Secretary of State: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Transportation: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Treasury: job approval ratings 2014
    For Michigan Department of Technology: job approval ratings 2014
    K-12 Education Data by Year
    How well K-12 education system prepares students for college 2009 2012
    How well K-12 education system prepares students for regional job market 2009 2012
    How well K-12 education system prepares students for global job market 2009 2012
    How local students compare to others in Michigan in terms of elementary school achievement 2009 2012
    How local students compare to others in Michigan in terms of high school achievement 2009 2012
    How local students compare to others in Michigan in terms of college enrollment 2009 2012
    State and Federal Policies
    System of Funding Local Government Data by Year
    Should the state tie revenue sharing to provision of base-level services and allow local governments to raise local taxes for additional services? 2010
    If local government could raise taxes to provide more services, how likely would it be to increase its property tax millage rates? 2010
    If local government could raise taxes to provide more services, how likely would it be to introduce or expand a local income tax? 2010
    If local government could raise taxes to provide more services, how likely would it be to introduce or expand a local sales tax? 2010
    If local government could raise taxes to provide more services, how likely would it be to participate in a regional tax authority? 2010
    The current system will provide adequate funding to maintain services 2012 2016
    The current system will provide adequate funding to improve or add services 2012 2016
    Does the current system for funding local government need significant reform? 2012 2016
    Importance of reforms to constitutional revenue sharing 2012
    Importance of reforms to the Economic Vitality Incentive Program (EVIP) 2012
    Importance of reforms to the Headlee Amendment 2012
    Importance of reforms to Proposal A 2012
    Importance of reforms to the Personal Property Tax (PPT) 2012
    Importance of reforms to the sales tax 2012
    Importance of reforms to the gas tax 2012
    Importance of reforms to local income tax 2012
    Importance of reforms to regional taxation 2012
    Does respondent support or oppose enabling regional tax-base sharing? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose reforming tax increment financing/tax captures? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing local-option taxes? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose compelling the State to pay for "unfunded mandates"? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing maximum allowable local millage rates? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose reforming Headlee Amendment to limit millage roll-backs? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose establishing automatic millage rate "roll-ups"? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose reforming Proposal A to allow more taxable value growth? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose restoring full statutory revenue sharing? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose adding new services to the state sales tax base? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing rates on state sales taxes with revenue-sharing components? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose other changes to the system of funding local government? 2016
    Respondent's top priority for reforms to the system of funding local government? 2016
    Respondent's second priority for reforms to the system of funding local government? 2016
    Respondent's third priority for reforms to the system of funding local government? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing local property tax millage rates? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing or increasing local income tax? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local sales tax? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local gas tax? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local sales tax on alcohol, tobacco, etc.? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local public utility taxes / fees? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local hotel / tourism tax? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing local motor vehicle license / registration fees? 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose introducing regional tax-base sharing? 2016
    Emergency Financial Managers Data by Year
    How familiar is respondent with Michigan's emergency manager law? 2011 2012
    How likely is it an emergency manager will be appointed in jurisdiction in next 12 months 2011
    How effective will emergency manager law be at restoring or protecting jurisdiction's fiscal health 2011
    How effective will emergency manager law be at restoring or protecting fiscal health of other jurisdictions across Michigan 2011 2012
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing an emergency manager to reject, modify, or terminate collective bargaining agreements 2012 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing an emergency manager to set aside decision making powers of local elected officials 2012 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing an emergency manager to recommend (with approval of state officials) the sale, transfer, or lease of the local jurisdiction's assets 2012 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing an emergency manager to recommend (with approval of state officials) collaboration or consolidation with other jurisdictions, or disincorporation of the local jurisdiction 2012
    Does respondent support or oppose the emergency manager law overall 2012 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing local units the choice between a consent agreement, emergency manager, mediation, or bankruptcy proceedings 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing a State-appointed advisory board to have ongoing oversight powers after the emergency manager leaves 2016
    How effective will emergency manager law be at restoring or protecting fiscal health in the short-term 2016
    How effective will emergency manager law be at establishing sustainable financial conditions for the long-term 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law is undemocratic 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law helps difficult decisions to be made because the emergency manager is an "outsider" 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law is racially discriminatory (by design, or as implemented) 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law pays insufficient attention to the underlying structural problems leading to local fiscal stress 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law serves the interests of local residents by improving their jurisdiction's fiscal sustainability 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the emergency manager law leads to an overemphasis on cost-cutting at the expense of service quality, public health, or other important considerations 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose requiring emergency managers to plan for improving factors beyond just finances 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose including provisions for possible new local or state revenue options for jurisdictions with emergency managers 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose requiring emergency managers to analyze impact on disadvantaged groups when making decisions 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose requiring emergency managers to consider local elected official input before making decisions 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose requiring emergency managers to consider citizen input before making decisions 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose adding state-level ombudsperson oversight for citizens and local officials to appeal any emergency manager decision 2016
    Does respondent support or oppose more proactive State monitoring of finances for all local governments in Michigan 2016
    The Federal Stimulus Package Data by Year
    Stimulus Package will improve the economy 2009
    Amount the Recovery Act has helped community's economy to date 2009 2010 2011
    Amount the Recovery Act will improve community's economy in long term 2009 2010 2011
    Amount the Recovery Act has helped Michigan's economy to date 2009 2010 2011
    Amount the Recovery Act will improve Michigan's economy in long term 2009 2010 2011
    Sustainability, Energy, Environment Data by Year
    NOTE: the entire Fall 2013 survey focused on energy and environmental topics, including the Great Lakes, Hydraulic Fracturing, and Wind Power. See all data tables at the '2013' link to the right. General energy questions from that wave are also listed below. 2013
    To meet energy demands while reducing costs and environmental impacts, how likely is it jurisdiction will adopt policies/practices on improving energy efficiency in government facilities? 2010
    To meet energy demands while reducing costs and environmental impacts, how likely is it jurisdiction will adopt policies/practices on changing work practices (e.g. water conservation, thermostat regulation, etc.) 2010
    To meet energy demands while reducing costs and environmental impacts, how likely is it jurisdiction will adopt policies/practices on programs targeted at residents (e.g. recycling, home weatherization, etc.) 2010
    To meet energy demands while reducing costs and environmental impacts, how likely is it jurisdiction will adopt policies/practices on programs targeted at businesses (e.g. recycling, recognition of green practices, etc.) 2010
    To meet energy demands while reducing costs and environmental impacts, how likely is it jurisdiction will adopt policies/practices on developing or purchasing alternative energy sources 2010
    Is global warming a problem? 2010
    How much responsibility should federal government have for taking actions to reduce global warming? 2010
    How much responsibility should state governments have for taking actions to reduce global warming? 2010
    How much responsibility should local governments have for taking actions to reduce global warming? 2010
    Is it important for local government to promote environmental sustainability and 'being green'? 2010 2013
    Does jurisdiction engage in sustainability planning? 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the use of nuclear power 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the use of hydroelectric power 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the use of solar power 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the production and use of biomass and/or biofuels 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the regulation of oil and gas pipelines statewide 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing drilling for natural gas and oil through high-volume hydraulic fracturings 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose allowing offshore oil and gas drilling in the Great Lakes 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the use of wind power on land 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose increasing the use of offshore wind power in the Great Lakes 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose mandating expanded use of renewable energy through state law 2013
    Does respondent support or oppose mandating energy efficiency/conservation measures through state law 2013
    Citizen Engagement Data by Year
    NOTE: the entire Fall 2012 survey focused on citizen engagement topics, including general questions about citizen engagement and more specific questions about the use of technology in citizen engagement. See all data tables at the '2012' link to the right. Longitudinal questions as well as other closely related questions are also listed below. 2012
    How engaged are citizens with jurisdiction 2012 2016
    Extent of citizen engagement opportunities in jurisdiction 2012 2016
    Respondent satisfaction regarding citizen engagement in jurisdiction's policymaking 2012 2016
    Citizen satisfaction regarding citizen engagement in jurisdiction's policymaking 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that any citizen who wants to express an opinion has a chance 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that jurisdiction does not need formal engagement efforts because local officials already know what citizens want 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that some meetings run too long because too many citizens want to speak 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that jurisdiction should pursue engagement with a broader range of citizens 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that citizens want access to information about the government's performance 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that important decisions facing our jurisdiction typically have already been made prior to most public meetings 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the jurisdiction's engagement efforts mostly attract the same people over and over 2012
    Does respondent agree or disagree that jurisdiction makes opportunities for engagement available, but citizens rarely take advantage of them 2012 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that the jurisdiction's decision-making is transparent to its citizens 2012 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that some of the best engagement with citizens happens informally around the community 2012 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that most citizens aren't willing to take the time to become well-informed on issues 2012 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that most citizens the jurisdiction hears from are more interested in complaining than in finding solutions 2012 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that citizens want access to information about the government’s finances and operations 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that jurisdiction reaches out to groups that typically might not engage in policymaking processes 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that citizens tend to only be engaged on issues that affect them directly 2016
    Does respondent agree or disagree that jurisdiction struggles to find enough citizens to serve on appointed boards/commissions or elected offices 2016
    Respondent's trust in citizens to be responsible participants 2012 2016
    Who should have the final say in controversial decisions- citizens or public officials? 2012 2016
    Jurisdiction's Council/Board believes the role of citizen engagement should be 2012
    Jurisdiction's employees believe the role of citizen engagement should be 2012
    Jurisdiction's citizens believe the role of citizen engagement should be 2012 2016
    Respondent believes the role of citizen engagement should be 2012 2016

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