Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)
Fall 2015 Data Tables

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Q27e. To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

e. Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness

Jurisdiction Type Crosstabulation
% within Jurisdiction Type
  Jurisdiction Type Total
County Township City Village
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

e. Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness
Already Being Used 36% 12% 40% 17% 18%
Very Likely 15% 11% 22% 15% 14%
Somewhat Likely 13% 11% 19% 13% 13%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 15% 14% 9% 10% 13%
Somewhat Unlikely 5% 4% 3% 4% 4%
Very Unlikely 2% 8% 1% 13% 7%
Don't Know 13% 40% 6% 28% 32%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.

Population Size Crosstabulation
% within Population Size
  Population Size Total
<1500 1500-5000 5001-10000 10001-30000 >30000
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

e. Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness
Already Being Used 9% 13% 30% 39% 54% 18%
Very Likely 12% 13% 14% 24% 15% 14%
Somewhat Likely 13% 12% 15% 16% 7% 13%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 11% 17% 10% 6% 7% 13%
Somewhat Unlikely 5% 4% 2% 4% 2% 4%
Very Unlikely 11% 6% 4% 1% 0% 7%
Don't Know 40% 34% 25% 10% 14% 32%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.

Region of Michigan Crosstabulation
% within Region of Michigan
  Region of Michigan Total
Upper Peninsula Northern Lower Peninsula West Central Lower Peninsula East Central Lower Peninsula Southwest Lower Peninsula Southeast Lower Peninsula
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

e. Train law enforcement officers in any of the following: de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness
Already Being Used 11% 11% 19% 13% 18% 32% 18%
Very Likely 9% 11% 13% 13% 18% 17% 14%
Somewhat Likely 11% 16% 13% 14% 9% 12% 13%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 15% 12% 14% 14% 15% 8% 13%
Somewhat Unlikely 8% 4% 2% 5% 3% 3% 4%
Very Unlikely 10% 6% 8% 8% 8% 4% 7%
Don't Know 37% 41% 31% 33% 30% 23% 32%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.