Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy

The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)
Fall 2015 Data Tables

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Q27d. To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

d. Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths

Jurisdiction Type Crosstabulation
% within Jurisdiction Type
  Jurisdiction Type Total
County Township City Village
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

d. Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths
Already Being Used 36% 10% 34% 15% 15%
Very Likely 6% 10% 12% 12% 10%
Somewhat Likely 8% 8% 10% 9% 8%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 12% 17% 19% 15% 17%
Somewhat Unlikely 9% 4% 6% 3% 5%
Very Unlikely 4% 11% 6% 15% 11%
Don't Know 25% 40% 12% 30% 34%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.

Population Size Crosstabulation
% within Population Size
  Population Size Total
<1500 1500-5000 5001-10000 10001-30000 >30000
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

d. Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths
Already Being Used 8% 13% 23% 34% 40% 15%
Very Likely 11% 10% 9% 14% 9% 10%
Somewhat Likely 8% 7% 15% 9% 5% 8%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 15% 20% 15% 16% 11% 17%
Somewhat Unlikely 5% 4% 3% 6% 7% 5%
Very Unlikely 15% 10% 7% 3% 1% 11%
Don't Know 38% 35% 29% 18% 27% 34%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.

Region of Michigan Crosstabulation
% within Region of Michigan
  Region of Michigan Total
Upper Peninsula Northern Lower Peninsula West Central Lower Peninsula East Central Lower Peninsula Southwest Lower Peninsula Southeast Lower Peninsula
To the best of your knowledge, how likely or unlikely is it that the primary law enforcement agency serving your jurisdiction will use the following practices in the near future, or are they already being used?

d. Have policies mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries or deaths
Already Being Used 10% 12% 19% 11% 10% 27% 15%
Very Likely 8% 12% 8% 12% 13% 10% 10%
Somewhat Likely 10% 9% 8% 6% 9% 9% 8%
Neither Likely nor Unlikely 14% 15% 17% 19% 19% 15% 17%
Somewhat Unlikely 8% 6% 4% 6% 4% 3% 5%
Very Unlikely 17% 9% 13% 10% 10% 7% 11%
Don't Know 34% 37% 32% 36% 35% 29% 34%
*Columns may not sum to 100% due to rounding within cells.