University of Michigan Gateway Ford School

The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)
  • Fall 2015 Data Tables
  • « Back to Michigan Public Policy Survey Home

    Summary tables for questionnaire items from the Fall 2015 Wave of the MPPS broken down by jurisdiction type, population size, and region of the state:

    Table of Contents

      Public Safety Service Satisfaction

      1. Satisfaction of respondent with fire services
      2. Satisfaction of respondent with state police
      3. Satisfaction of respondent with county sheriff
      4. Satisfaction of respondent with local police (if applicable)
      5. Satisfaction of respondent with ambulance / emergency medical services (EMS)
      1. Satisfaction of jurisdiction’s citizens with fire services
      2. Satisfaction of jurisdiction’s citizens with state police
      3. Satisfaction of jurisdiction’s citizens with county sheriff
      4. Satisfaction of jurisdiction’s citizens with local police (if applicable)
      5. Satisfaction of jurisdiction’s citizens with ambulance / emergency medical services (EMS)
    1. Service Delivery Arrangement

    2. Primary service delivery arrangement for law enforcement
    3. Primary service delivery arrangement for medical transport services
    4. Primary service delivery arrangement for fire services
      1. Likelihood that jurisdiction will change service delivery for fire services in next 2 years
      2. Likelihood that jurisdiction will change service delivery for law enforcement in next 2 years
      3. Likelihood that jurisdiction will change service delivery for ambulance in next 2 years
    5. Which public safety unit most often provides emergency medical response
    6. Staffing

    7. Staffing arrangements for fire services
      1. Recruitment and/or retention is a problem for paid firefighters
      2. Recruitment and/or retention is a problem for volunteer firefighters
      3. Recruitment and/or retention is a problem for law enforcement officers
    8. Public Safety Funding

      1. Jurisdiction’s share of costs of shared fire services
      2. Jurisdiction’s share of costs of shared law enforcement
      3. Jurisdiction’s share of costs of shared ambulance/ EMS
      1. Enough funding to meet current fire protection needs
      2. Enough funding to meet current law enforcement needs
      3. Enough funding to meet current ambulance / EMS needs
      1. Jurisdiction’s appropriations of funding to meet fire protection needs
      2. Jurisdiction’s appropriations of funding to meet law enforcement needs
      3. Jurisdiction’s appropriations of funding to meet ambulance / EMS needs
      1. Has jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for fire services
      2. Has jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for law enforcement
      3. Has jurisdiction tried to raise local funding for ambulance / EMS
      1. Respondent’s support or opposition to pursuing local funding for fire services
      2. Respondent’s support or opposition to pursuing local funding for law enforcement
      3. Respondent’s support or opposition to pursuing local funding for ambulance / EMS
      1. Is cost recovery used for jurisdiction’s fire services
      2. Is cost recovery used for jurisdiction’s law enforcement services
      3. Is cost recovery used for jurisdiction’s ambulance / EMS
      1. Satisfaction with use of cost recovery for fire services
      2. Satisfaction with use of cost recovery for law enforcement
      3. Satisfaction with use of cost recovery for ambulance / EMS
    9. Fire and Medical Issues

      1. Arson as a problem in jurisdiction
      2. Wildfires as a problem in jurisdiction
      3. Other fires as a problem in jurisdiction
      4. Hazardous material incidents as a problem in jurisdiction
      5. Traffic accidents as a problem in jurisdiction
      6. Other medical emergencies as a problem in jurisdiction
      7. Distance to the nearest hospital as a problem in jurisdiction
      1. Most people confident that fire services will arrive in time to handle a fire
      2. Fire services in jurisdiction are more effective now than 5 years ago
      1. Most people confident that first responders will arrive in time to handle a medical emergency
      2. EMS services in jurisdiction are more effective now than 5 years ago
    10. Law Enforcement and Crime

      1. Violent crimes as a problem in jurisdiction
      2. Property crimes as a problem in jurisdiction
      3. Drug crimes as a problem in jurisdiction
      4. Public-order offenses as a problem in jurisdiction
      5. Crime overall as a problem in jurisdiction
      1. Most people feel safe in jurisdiction
      2. Public perceptions of crime have a negative effect on economic development and/or tourism
      3. Public perceptions of crime are contributing to a decline in residential population
      4. People feel confident that law enforcement will arrive in time to handle an emergency
      5. Inappropriate use of force by law enforcement is an issue
      6. Primary law enforcement agency is more effective now than 5 years ago
    11. Police-Community Relations

      1. Most people in jurisdiction trust law enforcement officers
      2. A significant number of people in jurisdiction are hostile towards law enforcement officers
      3. Most law enforcement officers in jurisdiction treat all people professionally
      4. A significant number of law enforcement officers in jurisdiction are overly strict in enforcing the law
      1. Relationship between community members and law enforcement officers serving jurisdiction
      2. Relationship between Board/Council and primary law enforcement agency serving jurisdiction
      1. Likelihood of a citizen task force advising agency
      2. Likelihood of conducting citizen satisfaction surveys
      3. Likelihood of proactively making agency policies available for public review
      4. Likelihood of mandating independent investigations into officer-involved injuries
      5. Likelihood of training law enforcement officers in de-escalation tactics, cultural understanding, and/or bias awareness
      6. Likelihood of having a law enforcement workforce that reflects the racial make-up of jurisdiction
    12. Concern that a major incident of civil unrest connected to police use of force could happen in jurisdiction
      1. High-profile incidents of police-community violence have lowered morale of law enforcement officers serving jurisdiction
      2. High-profile incidents of police-community violence have lowered level of community trust toward law enforcement officers serving jurisdiction
      1. Support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having military equipment in your jurisdiction
      2. Support or oppose local law enforcement agencies having military equipment in other communities in the state
      1. Likelihood of using unmanned aerial vehicles
      2. Likelihood of using dashboard cameras
      3. Likelihood of using body cameras
      4. Likelihood of using other public surveillance cameras
      5. Likelihood of using citizen notification systems
      6. Likelihood of using data-driven policing / crime mapping
      7. Likelihood of using community policing
      1. Opinion of jurisdiction’s citizens about trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety
      2. Opinion of leaders of jurisdiction’s primary law enforcement agency about trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety
      3. Opinion of respondent about trade-offs between protecting privacy and ensuring public safety

    « Back to Michigan Public Policy Survey Home

    MPPS Home




    MPPS Resources


    Find Questions & Topics


    Data Tables


    Download Datasets


    Reports


    Questionnaires


    Individual Survey Pages




    More on the MPPS


           closup@umich.edu  | 
    735 South State Street, Ann Arbor, MI. 48109-3091  | 
    ph: 734-647-4091  | 
    © 2017 Regents of the University of Michigan      
    University of Michigan Gateway Ford School Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy