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The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS)

  • Fall 2013 Data Tables

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    Summary tables for questionnaire items from the Fall 2013 Wave of the MPPS broken down by jurisdiction type, population size, and region of the state

    Table of Contents

      Great Lakes

    1. Rating of overall current condition of the Great Lakes
      1. Agree or disagree the Great Lakes have significant impact on your jurisdiction
      2. Agree or disagree the Great Lakes are an economic resource for Michigan
      3. Agree or disagree the Great Lakes are an economic resource for your jurisdiction
      4. Agree or disagree your jurisdiction does not impact the health of the Great Lakes
      1. Responsibility of federal governments (U.S. and Canada) to protect the Great Lakes
      2. Responsibility of state governments to protect the Great Lakes
      3. Responsibility of local governments to protect the Great Lakes
      4. Responsibility of your jurisdiction to protect the Great Lakes
      5. Responsibility of businesses & industries to protect the Great Lakes
      6. Responsibility of individual citizens to protect the Great Lakes
      1. Strengthen or ease regulations on runoff from stormwater sewers and streets
      2. Strengthen or ease regulations on runoff from farms and the agricultural sector
      3. Strengthen or ease regulations on waste water systems’ overflow release
      4. Strengthen or ease regulations on septic system inspections and maintenance
      5. Strengthen or ease regulations to limit water diversion from the Great Lakes
      1. Support or opposition to increasing efforts to improve Great Lakes water quality
      2. Support or opposition to phasing out coal-fired plants to reduce mercury emissions
      3. Support or opposition to preventing new construction on wetlands
      4. Support or opposition to reducing the rate at which farmland or other natural areas are being paved over
      5. Support or opposition to increasing coordination among regional states on Great Lakes management
      6. Support or opposition to increasing coordination and role among local governments on Great Lakes management
      7. Support or opposition to increasing the cost of water for households and businesses to encourage consumers to use less water
    2. Wind Turbines

      1. Jurisdiction has small, individual-use wind turbines
      2. Jurisdiction has large, utility-scale wind turbines
      3. Neighboring jurisdiction has large, utility-scale wind turbines
    3. Jurisdiction had wind turbine proposals that did not move forward
    4. Current or potential wind turbines are a topic of discussion in community or local government
      1. Support or opposition to wind turbines by the local government’s Council/Board
      2. Support or opposition to wind turbines by the local government’s citizens
      3. Support or opposition to wind turbines by the respondent personally
      1. Use of tax or other incentives for wind turbines
      2. Use of local moratoria and/or bans for wind turbines
      3. Use of local ordinances and/or zoning codes for wind turbines
      4. Use of intergovernmental agreements for wind turbines
      1. Potential visual or noise impacts encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      2. Road construction, use, damage, etc. encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      3. Impact on property values encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      4. Community organizations encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      5. Business proposals to establish wind farms or utility-scale turbines encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      6. Connecting turbines to the electrical grid encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      7. Local job creation and/or economic development encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      8. Revenue for land-owners encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      9. Local property tax revenue encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      10. Depreciation tables for wind turbines encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      11. Preservation of farmland encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      12. Wind speed and reliability encouraging or discouraging the use of wind turbines
      1. How much authority should the federal government have for decisions regarding wind turbines?
      2. How much authority should state governments have for decisions regarding wind turbines?
      3. How much authority should local governments have for decisions regarding wind turbines?
      4. How much authority should land-owners have for decisions regarding wind turbines?
    5. Hydraulic Fracturing

    6. Jurisdiction history of oil and gas extractions using traditional methods
    7. Familiarity with hydraulic fracturing
      1. Jurisdiction has hydraulic fracturing operations
      2. Neighboring jurisdiction has hydraulic fracturing operations
    8. Jurisdiction had fracking operations proposals that did not move forward
    9. Current or potential fracking is a topic of discussion in community or local government
      1. Support or opposition to hydraulic fracturing by the local government’s Council/Board
      2. Support or opposition to hydraulic fracturing by the local government’s citizens
      3. Support or opposition to hydraulic fracturing by the respondent personally
      1. Use of tax or other incentives for hydraulic fracturing
      2. Use of local moratoria and/or bans for hydraulic fracturing
      3. Use of local ordinances and/or zoning codes for hydraulic fracturing
      4. Use of intergovernmental agreements for hydraulic fracturing
      1. Local job creation and/or economic development encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      2. Lower energy prices encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      3. Potential environmental damage linked to fracking operations encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      4. Potential environmental benefits from cleaner-burning natural gas instead of coal encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      5. Potential risks to citizens’ health encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      6. Potential risks to water resources encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      7. Impact on property values encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      8. Community organizations encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      9. Business proposals to establish hydraulic fracturing operations encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      10. Federal or state regulations encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      11. Revenue for land-owners encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      12. Local property tax revenue encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      13. Preservation of farmland encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      14. Availability of underground shale gas deposits encouraging or discouraging the use of fracking
      1. How much authority should the federal government have for decisions regarding fracking?
      2. How much authority should state governments have for decisions regarding fracking?
      3. How much authority should local governments have for decisions regarding fracking?
      4. How much authority should land-owners have for decisions regarding fracking?
    10. Energy Issues

      1. Support or opposition to increasing the use of nuclear power
      2. Support or opposition to increasing the use of hydroelectric power
      3. Support or opposition to increasing the use of solar power
      4. Support or opposition to increasing production and use of biomass and/or biofuels
      5. Support or opposition to increasing regulation of oil and gas pipelines statewide
      6. Support or opposition to increasing drilling for natural gas and oil through high-volume hydraulic fracturing
      7. Support or opposition to allowing offshore oil and gas drilling in the Great Lakes
      8. Support or opposition to increasing the use of wind power on land
      9. Support or opposition to increasing the use of offshore wind power in the Great Lakes
      10. Support or opposition to mandating expanded use of renewable energy through state law
      11. Support or opposition to mandating energy efficiency/conservation measures through state law
    11. As far as you know, does your jurisdiction engage in sustainability planning, and if so, how extensively?
    12. Do you agree or disagree that promoting environmental sustainability and the concept of "being green" are important aspects of local government leadership?
    13. Municipal Bankruptcies

    14. How closely are you following issues surrounding Detroit’s bankruptcy filing?
      1. Agree or disagree that Detroit’s bankruptcy filing was the right thing to do
      2. Agree or disagree that bankruptcy will help Detroit restructure and cut costs, and therefore be in a better long term financial position
      3. Agree or disagree that the bankruptcy process won’t result in better policy making or management for the City of Detroit in the long run
      4. Agree or disagree that Detroit’s filing will make bankruptcies more likely among other struggling Michigan local governments
      5. Agree or disagree that the State of Michigan should provide new financial assistance to help Detroit
      6. Agree or disagree that the federal government should provide new financial assistance to help Detroit
      7. Agree or disagree that Detroit’s fiscal health is important to Michigan’s overall fiscal health
      1. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on Michigan’s reputation
      2. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on the confidence of Michigan citizens in the state’s future
      3. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on Michigan’s ability to attract tourism and conventions
      4. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on the ability of Michigan’s local governments to attract and retain talented public employees
      5. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on local government home rule and discretion under Michigan state law
      6. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on Michigan local governments’ cost of borrowing through issuing debt in the near term
      7. Positive or negative impact of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing on your jurisdiction’s overall fiscal health
      1. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to cuts in repayments to the jurisdiction’s bondholders?
      2. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to cuts to pensions of the jurisdiction’s current retirees?
      3. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to cuts to fringe benefits (health care, etc.) of the jurisdiction’s current retirees?
      4. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to cuts to compensation (pay rates and/or fringe benefits) for the jurisdiction’s current employees?
      5. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to cuts to, or privatization of, some public services to reduce costs?
      6. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to increasing service sharing with other governments to reduce costs?
      7. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to selling some jurisdiction assets (e.g., parkland, buildings, infrastructure, art holdings, etc.)?
      8. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to raising local revenue through increased taxes or fees?
      9. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to financial assistance from the state government?
      10. In the course of bankruptcy, what priority should be given to financial assistance from the federal government?

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